This lesson contains 22 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.
Lesson duration is: 45 min
Overfishing is emptying the ocean, with 90% of fisheries already overfished. Illegal fishing is increasing this. In this lesson we will look at some of the practices being used to protect the ocean and marine wildlife, and how IUU activity is being detected.
Items in this lesson
ILLEGAL, UNREPORTED & UNREGULATED (IUU) FISHING
Slide 1 - Slide
Protecting the ocean and detecting illegal fishing.
Slide 2 - Slide
By 2050 the ocean will be empty
Slide 3 - Slide
30% of the global commercial fishing catch taken illegally.
How do we stop this.
Slide 4 - Slide
Regulations to protect eco-systems.
Slide 5 - Slide
International law of the sea.
Slide 6 - Slide
Convention for International Trade on Endangered Species (CITES) is an agreement by those that are party to the convention to prohibit and monitor the trade in endangered species, to try and safe guard the future of endangered species.
Slide 7 - Slide
EEZ & MARINE SANCTUARIES
Each country that borders the ocean has territorial waters, referred to as an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Within the EEZ countries can establish marine sanctuaries providing protection in ecologically vital areas,
Slide 8 - Slide
Regional fisheries management organisations (RFMO) are international bodies that help to regulate fishing.
Cooperation between different countries on the management of some highly migratory species is important.
Slide 9 - Slide
Licensing fishing catches and limits.
Slide 10 - Slide
Detecting illegal fishing.
Slide 11 - Slide
AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AIS)
Locating a vessel can be done by monitoring AIS on a ships radar.
Shipping vessels are required by law to have on board an Automatic Identification System (AIS).
Slide 12 - Slide
Satellites allow fishing vessels to be monitored all over the world.
Which allows vessels to be tracked, even without their AIS switched on.
Image: Global Fishing Watch
Slide 13 - Slide
Slide 14 - Video
IUU issues span whole regions.
Countries are starting to work together to form taskforces that coordinate responses against illegal activities, including fishing.
In south east Africa eight countries have formed FISH- I Africa to tackle these issues, this includes Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia and Tanzania.
Slide 15 - Slide
Why do you think international cooperation on fishing is important?
Slide 16 - Mind map
WHICH COUNTRY IS RESPONSIBLE?
Poachers operate without respect for borders. International cooperation is important.
These vessels can be owned in one country, be registered and flagged in another country or have false papers and have crew that are sourced from a number of countries.
Slide 17 - Slide
Interpol is an international police force involved in operations to monitor and coordinate the evidence required to arrest illegal operators, no matter where they are in the world.
Slide 18 - Slide
Name two methods that are in place to protect marine life?
Slide 19 - Open question
Name three ways in which IUU activity can be detected?