Early Middle Ages

Early Middle Ages (500-1000 AD)
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 20 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 120 min

Items in this lesson

Early Middle Ages (500-1000 AD)

Slide 1 - Slide

- Early Kingdoms: Franks, Frisians
- Charlemagne and his Carolingian culture
- The manorial system and feudalism
- Christianity & monks in early Middle Ages. 

Slide 2 - Slide

How did the Roman Empire fall?
(Hint: check your book!)

Slide 3 - Open question

Word Duty

Franks - most powerful of the Germanic tribes
Warrior culture - culture in which fights and battles are ways to achieve honour and power
Lord - medieval word for rulers, such as kings
Vassals - follower of a lord with special rights
Hall - room to accomodate a large group. It was used to make important decisions
Hereditary: going from father to son(s).
Frisians - people who lived in the northern and western parts of the Netherlands and along the river delta in the middle of the Netherlands.
Charlemagne - also known as Charles the Great, was king of the Franks. He united most of Western Europe into one empire.
Saxons - Germanic tribe, they invaded England
Barrows - large mounds used as graves

Slide 4 - Slide

What do you know about
the Middle Ages?

Slide 5 - Mind map

The Middle Ages
  • The time after the Roman Empire (Antiquity) and before the Early Modern Times.

  • 500 AD - 1500 AD
    Early Middle Ages : 500-1000
    Late Middle Ages : 1000-1500

  • Often seen as a bridge period  between Antiquity and modern times. 

Slide 6 - Slide

Troubled times in
Early Middle Ages (500-800)

  • After the fall of the (Western) Roman Empire a lot of wars occured in Europe
  • Travelling was very dangerous so people lived in tiny villages or with wealthy lords.
  • Great cities, like Rome, no longer existed.
    Europe went back to an agricultural society.

Slide 7 - Slide

Germanic Tribes
- After the Roman Empire fell, they were rulers of their own local region, no longer ruled by Rome.
- The Franks had a warrior culture.
- Two Germanic Tribes were the Franks and the Frisians.
- Germanic society had a system of lords and vassals.

Slide 8 - Slide

Frankish Empire
Area of the Frisians
(Does it look familliar?) 

Slide 9 - Slide

Lords & Vassals
A system with mutual benefits
-> The lord gave his vassals protection, shelter, income and gifts. 
-> The vassals gave their lords respect, fought for him and gave advice when needed. 

Slide 10 - Slide

- Frankish empire was at its largest during his reign.
- Leader of the Carolingian culture
- He made sure his empire would develop laws, science and education.

Slide 11 - Slide

Frankish Empire
Charlemagne was a great warrior and war leader. 
He conquered a large territory by 771 AD. He even took down the sturdy Frisians in the north. 

Slide 12 - Slide

Charlemagne was coronated as emperor in 800 AD

Slide 13 - Slide

Christianity in the Early Middle Ages
- Christianity was still present since the Roman Ages. 
- In Northern-Europe most people believed in other Gods than just one superior God. 
- Missionaries spread Christianity through Europe

Slide 14 - Slide

800 AD: Charlemagne coronated as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the Pope, leader of the church

Slide 15 - Slide

Why would the Pope crown Charlemagne as a Holy Emperor?

Slide 16 - Open question

Why would Charlemagne want the rest of his empire to be christian as well?

Slide 17 - Open question

Converting heathens
In the Early Middle Ages some 
hermits decided to travel across
Europe to convert people to 
--> they had a holy mission to 
convince more people of their 
religion --> missionaries

Slide 18 - Slide

Feudalism and the Manorial system

Slide 19 - Slide

Slide 20 - Video