rise of Hitler

rise of Hitler.

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HistoryMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 3

This lesson contains 45 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 5 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

rise of Hitler.

Slide 1 - Slide

Slide 2 - Slide

What associations do you
get with this symbol?

Slide 3 - Mind map

Slide 4 - Video

Wat vind jij hiervan?

Slide 5 - Open question

people in this lesson
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler

Slide 6 - Slide

Slide 7 - Video

Do you think this satirical clip should be allowed to be broadcasted?

Slide 8 - Open question

how come this cute baby...

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becomes a mass murderer? 

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Slide 11 - Video

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Nov 11, 1918: ARMISTICE

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the Weimar Republic
1918 - 1933

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the Reichstag:           the German parliament

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The Weimar Republic (1918 - 1933)
- Socialist government that accepted the treaty of Versailles
- couldn't get a grip on fighting returning soldiers (Nationalists) and revolutionary communists (Spartakists

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Reichstag, Berlin, 1922

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in 17 years democracy changed

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Reichstag, Berlin, 1939

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The Weimar Republic (1919 - 1933)
These parties all embrace freedom and democracy. That is why we say that they belong to the political center.

  • There were also political parties that hated democracy, for example:

  • communists (who wanted a country like the Soviet Union)
  • nationalists (who wanted Germany to be a strong empire again)

  • These undemocratic groups we call extremists.

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The Stab-in-the-back Myth
a story created by extremist right nationalists:

The German army did not lose WW1.
Germany was betrayed by democratic politicians who signed the Armistice and later the Treaty of Versailles.

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The Stab-in-the-back Myth

Hitler also believed 
that communists and especially the Jews
were part of this plot against Germany and its army.

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Hitler in politics

In 1919 Hitler joined a nationalistic party, the Deutsche Arbeiter Partei (DAP)

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Hitler in politics

The DAP was
- anti democratic
- anti communist
- anti-semitic (= anti-Jewish)

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Hitler turned out to be a good speaker.

He practised his expressions and gestures in front of a mirror.

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In 1920 Hitler became the leader of the DAP. He changed the name into N.S.D.A.P. He also used the swastika as the party's new symbol

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NSDAP: National-Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei.

Or in short: the Nazi Party

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1923: the Nazis try to seize power in Munich by force.
This is called a Putsch or Coup (staatsgreep)

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Why a Putsch in 1923 ?

  • In 1922, Mussolini successfully seized power in Italy. Hitler was inspired by this.

  • In 1923, Germany suffered from a hyper inflation, causing millions of Germans to lose all their money. 
    Hitler believed that the                German people were now            so desperate that they                  would support him

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Germany was forced to pay 132 billion goldmarks to the Allies

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Causes and effects of the Hyperinflation of 1923

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When Germany could not pay, the French occupied the Ruhr area to take resources as payment.

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German miners went on strike. 
The Weimar government promised to pay their wages.

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To keep paying the wages the government printed extra money.
Result: the value of the money decreased, causing inflation

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In months the inflation spiralled out of control: hyper-inflation.
Money was worthless. People lost all their savings.

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Slide 38 - Video

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The Munich Putsch fails and Hitler is arrested. He is sentenced to 9 months imprisonment.

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In prison, Hitler writes his book Mein Kampf (my struggle) in which he outlines his political ideas.

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In short, his ideas and plans are:

  1. reverse the Treaty of Versailles
  2. rebuild Germany's armed forces
  3. unite Germany and Austria
  4. extend German territory into eastern Europe (Lebensraum)
  5. destroy communism
  6. the Germanic race (Aryan race)  is superior (= the Übermensch)

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Slide 44 - Video


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