CH2 sec. 2.3 Overseas trade

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.3 Overseas trade
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 13 slides, with text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.3 Overseas trade

Slide 1 - Slide

Learning objectives
Main question: How did the Dutch conduct trade in Asia, Africa and America?
  • You can explain how a global economy could emerge in the 17th century.
  • You can explain how the VOC and WIC operated and which roles they played in the global economy. 
  • You can explain how the trans-Atlantic slave trade emerged.
  • You know the terms and dates of this section.

Slide 2 - Slide

Slide 3 - Video

A world economy
Sixteenth century
Voyages of discovery by Spain and Portugal.
  • Spice trade
  • Spread of Christianity (Roman Catholicism)
  • Expanding political power

Slide 4 - Slide

Slide 5 - Slide

A world economy
Merchants from the Republic, France and England joined.
  • searched for new trade routes
  • cartography
  • became rich and powerful trading nations

Slide 6 - Slide

Around 1600 the demand for spices grew.
Merchants from Holland and Zeeland wanted to benefit from the spice trade.

1594-1597 Willem Barents explores the Northeast Passage to Asia through the Arctic Ocean. Failed to establish a new trade route.

1595 First Compagnie that succesfully trades in Asia ('voorcompagnie').

Slide 7 - Slide

1602 VOC (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) set up.
Companies decided to collaborate.
  • Avoid competition among themselves
  • Better protection against the Portugues
Many people in Holland and Zeeland invested money in the company and shared in its profits.
The VOC was one of the first multinationals.

Slide 8 - Slide

The VOC was given special privileges by the States-General.
  • Trade monopoly in the East Indies
  • Construct forts
  • Conclude treaties with Indian princes
  • Fight wars
Batavia was the most important trading post.
The VOC would use violence to enforce the trade monopoly and to get the best price for products.
The VOC was very succesful.

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

WIC (West-Indische Compagnie) founded in 1621
  • Trade monopoly on slave trade and luxury products like tobacco, sugar, cocoa and coffee in America and Africa.
  • Trading posts in West Africa and colonies with plantations in America (Surinam en de Dutch Antilles)
  • Privateering (piracy)
  • Triangular trade
The WIC was less succesful than the VOC. 

Slide 11 - Slide

Slide 12 - Slide

Get to work
What? See whiteboard.
How? Alone 
Help? Ask neighbour. Can't figure it out? Ask teacher. 
Time? Until the end of the lesson. 
Done? Learn terms and dates. Ask teacher. 

Slide 13 - Slide