3.3 The Netherlands under occupation

Chapter 3: The Second World War

3.3 The Netherlands under occupation
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 24 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 5 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Chapter 3: The Second World War

3.3 The Netherlands under occupation

Slide 1 - Slide

Lesson Goal
Answer the 7 questions of previous lesson

Explain how the Dutch government in exile tried to help the Dutch people

Three options for citizens in times of war

Slide 2 - Slide

What was last lesson about?

Slide 3 - Open question

Task (about the Netherlands 2.4)
  1. How many social groups did society consist of in the 1930s? Use the term 'pillarization
  2. How many social groups are there in today's society? Use the term multicultural society.
  3. What is the advantage of a pillarised society?
  4. What event caused a global economic crisis in 1929?
  5. What did the Dutch government do after this event?
  6. Why was Colijn seen as the strong leader of the Netherlands in the 1930s?
  7. Why did the NSB not manage to take over power in the Netherlands in the 1930s?
Final question:
  1. What is the danger of division in society and little trust in the government?
Done? Videos on EDPuzzle about the NSB
Exercises 2.4

Slide 4 - Slide

10 MAY 1940

Slide 5 - Slide

Slide 6 - Slide

The start
  • 10th of May 1940: Germany attacks the Netherlands.
  • 14th of May 1940: Germany bombs Rotterdam (Bombardment of Rotterdam)
  • 15th of May 1940: The Netherlands surrenders (capitulation).

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Video

Government in Exile
  • Queen Wilhelmina fled to England on the 13th of May 1940. 
  • Government in Exile (= regering in ballingschap). 
  • Wilhelmina (and others) broadcasts on Radio Oranje

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Video

Slide 11 - Slide

Was the previous picture pro or anti queen Wilhelmina?

Slide 12 - Quiz

Slide 13 - Slide

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Video

New Government
  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart became the leader of the government.
  • First he gently tried to win the Dutch over to National Socialism.
  • This changed after the February Strike in 1941.
  • Zeseneenkwart

Slide 16 - Slide

Name three options you (as a citizen) have in times of war

Slide 17 - Open question

Slide 18 - Video

  • Nationaal Socialistische Beweging.
  • The leader is Anton Mussert.
  • They collaborate with Germany.

Slide 19 - Slide

  • A small amount of people worked together with the Germans. They had done the wrong thing.

Slide 20 - Slide

  • Active resistance: Hiding people, printing/distributing illegal newspapers, forge identification cards, attacks. 
  • Passive resistance: Reading illegal newspapers, listening to Radio Oranje. 

Slide 21 - Slide

Adjusting to the situation?

Slide 22 - Slide


Slide 23 - Slide

Slide 24 - Video