5.1 the Industrial Revolution

The Time of Citizens and Steam Engines
5.1 The Industrial Revolution

1 / 17
Slide 1: Slide
HistoryMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 17 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 15 min

Items in this lesson

The Time of Citizens and Steam Engines
5.1 The Industrial Revolution

Slide 1 - Slide

You can explain:
  •  What changed in the lives of people in the 19th century
  •  how  and why production increased
  •  what changed in the industry from 1870 onwards
  • what changed in society

Slide 2 - Slide

Assignment- Study the picture
- Do task 1, 2 and 3
- Done? continue working on task 4 and 5

Slide 3 - Slide

What did we do last time?

Slide 4 - Slide

Were the statements below causes
 or effects of the Industrial Revolution?
Factories were built to house the big, new machines.
Entrepreneurs were willing to invest in new inventions.
Homeworkers could now work much faster than before.
The first machines led to unemployment of homeworkers.

growth of cities

population growth

Slide 5 - Drag question

The industrial revolution was boosted by the introduction of a new energy source, namely:
water power
steam power
sun power
wind power

Slide 6 - Quiz

Which statement is correct?
The Netherlands was one of the first countries to industrialise.
Industrialisation led to a growth in the agricultural work sector.
Industrialisation led to urbanisation.
In the industrial cities, the wages were high.

Slide 7 - Quiz

around 1700

  • Powerful country with a huge empire that stretched all over the world.
  • The population of England was growing, so more clothing was needed.
  • Much clothing was made from cotton, which was picked by slaves on plantations, and wool.

Het Britse Rijk omstreeks 1700

Slide 8 - Slide

Steam engine
around 1764 

The Englishman James Watt made a number of important changes to Newcomen's steam engine that made it easier to use and operate.

Slide 9 - Slide

from small-scale manual production in the cottage industry ...
... to large-scale machine production in factories

Slide 10 - Slide

Slide 11 - Slide

Slide 12 - Slide

Discuss in pairs:
- What is depicted in the picture?
- What does this have to do with the industrial revolution?

Slide 13 - Slide

Changes in industry:
-> use of petrolium and steel
-> new industies like chemical industry, food industry (Zaandam!!), special laboratories for inventions (light bulb)
Industrial revolution:
economical changes

Slide 14 - Slide

Industrial revolution: social changes
Start of an industrial society:
- urbanisation (more people lived in cities than in the country)
- growth of population

Upper and lower class (instead of estates!):
- Employer->rich due to industrial capitalism
- Employees ->workers with low wages

Slide 15 - Slide

Read 5.3 
Answer the following question:
what were the consequences of the widening gap between rich and poor due to the industrial revolution?

Done? Start working on exercises 1 to 8 (5.3)

Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Video