Textual Analysis Maus 20-21 (1)

Textual Analysis
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 18 slides, with text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 30 min

Items in this lesson

Textual Analysis

Slide 1 - Slide

Textual Analysis | When?
  • You are going to write the textual analysis about Maus in the test week in May.
  • You have 90 minutes.
  • You'll write the textual analysis on paper at school.
  • You'll get one set of ± 4 pages.

Slide 2 - Slide

You already know the structure, as you have written an essay about Born a Crime before. The structure is similar.

Slide 3 - Slide

Introduction (Final sentence: thesis statement)

Body paragraphs (Point, Example, Explanation)

Conclusion (recap main points and answer your thesis statement)

Slide 4 - Slide

Thesis statement:
What is the meaning / main significance of these pages? In other words, what does Spiegelman show here and to what effect?
Body paragraphs:
How is this created through words and visuals?

Slide 5 - Slide

- Introduce Maus and its factual information and context,
- Explain in a nutshell what the work is about,
- Place the pages into context, what are they about?
- Introduce thesis statement / main observation
- Thesis statement integrated in your introduction: In this passage/extract….
(Use the guiding questions and try to answer the question: how are these pages significant to the plot?)

Slide 6 - Slide

Thesis statement

This passage is significant because…..
This passage illustrates Spiegelman’s …….
These pages are significant as Spiegelman uses ..... on these pages to show .... / explore the theme of ... / to depict ....
These pages are significant as Spiegelman illustrates.... 
through ....

Slide 7 - Slide

Point: Statement which you are going to prove in your body paragraph. This statement supports your thesis statement.

Phrases to help you:
“Spiegelman depicts …. to highlight….”
“In this passage, the visual motif of ….. appears to…..”
“The narration used in this passage is significant as…..”

Slide 8 - Slide

Example: You discuss an example. This means you refer to specific panels and discuss these in detail. How has he visualized a particular event? What choices has he made? Think of: colour (black/white/grey/lines) and drawing style (detailed, sketchy), (foreground / background), etc.

Explanation: You explain the significance. (Do not summarize - analyze!) What is the effect? What does this show us? This illustrates... This highlights...
Note: I expect you to use abundant examples from the pages. 

Slide 9 - Slide

Briefly summarize your main observations
Come back to your main observation and end with a strong final statement that answers what you believe to be Spiegelman’s message in writing this work.

Slide 10 - Slide

Aspects to focus on
Narrative voice
Who is telling the story? Art or Vladek? What is he discussing and why is it relevant that we get his perspective? Comment on the voice-over and/or dialogue. Do they interrupt each other? How does he portray this event? Does he leave out parts? Can we trust him? Think about the features of postmodernism - there is no absolute truth presented, only someone's perspective.

Slide 11 - Slide

The depiction of characters (next to each other, one above the other, do they look at each other, do they look away, expressions, emanata, etc). 
How do they interact with each other (speech bubbles, tone, word choice)?

Slide 12 - Slide

The type of panels, size, shape, how you read the panels (is one bigger than the other - why?, different shape - why?, what are your eyes drawn to and why is that, how do you read these panels), how are they linked (flashback, one event, same event from different perspectives)

Slide 13 - Slide

Imagery / Visuals / Symbolism
What about the visuals? What does Spiegelman show us on this page and how? Do you see any motifs (stationary bike, circle/spotlight, train, etc)? How has he drawn these and what is the effect, what does it show us, what is the meaning?

Slide 14 - Slide

A: Knowledge, understanding and interpretation of the text and its context (10)
B: Analysis and evaluation of how language and visuals are used to constuct meaning (10)
C: Coherence, focus and organisation (5)
D: Language (5)
Maximum = 30 

Slide 15 - Slide

  • past and present intertwined
  • Family
  • Betrayal
  • Racism
  • Trauma (Holocaust survivor)
  • Guilt & Blame
  • Survivor's instinct
  • Race & Class
  • Importance of Luck
  • Human interdependence
  • Morality
  • circles / spotlight
  • stationary bike
  • train
  • grid / window

Slide 16 - Slide

Mock textual analysis (pp. 11-15)
  • Write an introduction (final statement: thesis statement) 
  • Write and an outline (2 - 3 points)
  • Choose one of your points and write a paragraph.
  • Upload to Classroom for feedback (before May break) 

Slide 17 - Slide

In these pages, Spiegelman introduces Vladek as a Holocaust survivor through the scene with him being on a stationary bike whilst speaking to his son about his traumatic past.

Slide 18 - Slide