This lesson contains 27 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 3 videos.
Lesson duration is: 30 min
Items in this lesson
Slide 1 - Slide
Types of Writing
1. Personal Writing;
2. Public Writing;
3. Creative Writing;
4. Social Writing;
5. Study Writing;
6. Institutional Writing:
Slide 2 - Slide
An essay is defined as:
"a short piece of writing that expresses information (as well as the writer's opinion)."
Slide 3 - Slide
Types of essays
Narrative essay: telling a story;
Persuasive essay: to convince the reader;
Expository essay: academic paper to investigate an idea;
Descriptive essay: to describe something;
Argumentative essay:facts/evidence to support the argument; Compare and contrast essay: analysis of two subjects;
Problem - solution essay: description of problem/solution.
Slide 4 - Slide
Aim of Expository Essay
The aim is to present both sides of the same coin. Background information is given, as are the pros/advantages/positive points and cons/disadvantages/negative points of a certain topic.
Aim of Argumentative Essay
The aim is to give your opinion on a subject, give adequate support with specific arguments and examples, and counter any opposing views in a similar way. At the end of the essay your reader should understand your opinion on the subject and - if not already of the same mind before - set thinking.
Slide 5 - Slide
To write an essay, you should generally:
1- Decide what type of essay to write 2- Brainstorm your topic
3- Research the topic. 4- Develop a thesis statement
5- Outline your essay with topic sentences 6- Write your essay
7- Edit your writing to check spelling and grammar
Write the body of your essay: PEE (Point - Evidence - Examples)
Write the introduction of your essay: Thesis Statement is final sentence of introduction
Write the conclusion: Rephrase your Thesis Statement
Choose a catchy title: no question
Slide 8 - Slide
Tips for writing:
Do not use 'I' or 'you' (neutral tone)
Avoid contracting words (don't)
Be sparing with punctuation marks like exclamation mark, question mark, series of dots
Do not repeat the same word, use synonyms
Remember everything from your grammar classes, e.g. irregular verbs, tenses, word order, adjectives, adverbs
Use complete sentences, including a subject, verb, and complements (objects, adverbials, etc.)
Do not use informal language
Do not start sentences with for, and, but, or, yet, so, because , etc.
Slide 9 - Slide
Slide 10 - Slide
DO – Pay Attention to Your Introductory Paragraph
Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of what you will talk about but also shows them how you will talk about it.
Try to introduce by using a "HOOK"
(something a joke, a fact or anything that will grab the reader's attention)
DO NOT – I/My or you/yours
Unless it is a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns like I, My, or Me. At the same time, try to avoid the use of second singular/plural person such as you and yours.
Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked.
Slide 11 - Slide
Develop a thesis statement
Your thesis statementis the main point of your essay. It is one sentence that states what the essay is about. For example, your thesis statement might be "The death penalty should be reinstated, because.....(2/3 arguments)......".
* Use the thesis statement as the basic premise to write your entire essay about;
* Remember that all of the different points lead back to this one main thesis;
* State your thesis statement in your introductory paragraph;
* This is the last sentence of your Introduction
Slide 12 - Slide
Slide 13 - Video
What is the topic of your essay?
Slide 14 - Open question
Write your thesis statement for your essay.
Slide 15 - Open question
Body of the paragraphs
Topic sentence A; followed by a
Supporting sentence B containing evidence and explanation; followed by a
Supporting sentence C containing evidence and explanation; etc.
Slide 16 - Slide
DO – Tie Things Together
The first sentence – the topic sentence - of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective. Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should (ideally) also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together. For example, if you used "first" in the first body paragraph then you should use "secondly" in the second or "on the one hand" and "on the other hand" accordingly.
DO NOT – Be Too General
Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them. It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines, so make them count. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree (though interesting in another essay) should probably be skipped over.
Slide 17 - Slide
Slide 18 - Video
Rephrase your thesis statement; use other words
Do not repeat your thesis statement!
summary of the main points;
a final comment (if appropriate).
Slide 19 - Slide
DO – Be Powerful
The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively, but as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis statement with confidence; if you present your argument as "obvious" then the reader might just do the same.
Also, find synonyms for the words used in your thesis statement.
DO NOT – Copy the First Paragraph
Do not use the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible.
Slide 20 - Slide
1. Informative Title
2. Creative Title
3. Relevant and readable Title
Slide 21 - Slide
Slide 22 - Video
Slide 23 - Slide
Slide 24 - Slide
Slide 25 - Slide
Slide 26 - Slide
Choose a topic for your essay;
Write the outline of your essay (see ELO for outline);