1619: a Dutch slave ship called White Lion arrived in the Jamestown colony of Virginia with 20 enslaved Africans on board.
1650: Less than 300 Africans live in Virginia colony
1655: Elizabeth Keye petitioned the Virginia General Assembly for her freedom, claiming that as the illegitimate daughter of a free English father and enslaved African mother she was only indentured (not enslaved) and she had been held long past her contracted term of service (9 years)
1680: 4,000 enslaved Africans lived in Virginia colony
1700: 2/3rds of residents of the Lower Colonies (Virginia, Carolinas, Georgia) lived in some form of bondage (500,000 enslaved Africans and 160,000 European indentured servants)