Rome's Decline

A Troubled Empire
Guiding Question: What problems led to Rome's decline?
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Slide 1: Slide
Fall of Rome7th Grade

This lesson contains 26 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

Items in this lesson

A Troubled Empire
Guiding Question: What problems led to Rome's decline?

Slide 1 - Slide

What was the two-century period of peace in Rome called?
Pax Romana
Romana Pax
Paix Roman
Rome's Peace

Slide 2 - Quiz

Marcus Aurelius
The last emperor of the Pax Romana
Following his reign there was nearly a century of confusion and violence

Slide 3 - Slide

Problem 1:
Political Confusion
Rome's government grew weak, while the Roman legions became powerful.

Slide 4 - Slide

Steps to stay in power:
1. pay increasingly higher wages to the soldiers who support you
2. realize that if you don't have enough money to pay your soldier, they will turn on you.
3. Watch as civil war breaks out between legions as each will try to put their choice for emperor on your throne.

Slide 5 - Slide

Who's in charge?
In a span of 50 years, ending in 284 C.E., Rome had 22 different emperors.  
Most were murdered by the army or by their bodyguards.

Slide 6 - Slide

On the next slide...
You'll see a video all about the Roman Emperors.  This is NOT required watching, but if you're interested in seeing the progression of emperors through the years, this is an interesting video to check out!

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Video

Why would 22 emperors in a span of 50 years cause Rome to fall?

Slide 9 - Open question

The collapse of Roman values:
Traditional values were no longer honored after Pax Romana.
Duty, courage, and honesty became less important in society.
Government officials accepted bribes.
Talented and honest citizens no longer wanted to hold government positions.

Slide 10 - Slide

Suffering society
Interest and support for education declined.
Many wealthy Romans stopped paying taxes.
Enslaved laborers made up a large part of empire's population.

Slide 11 - Slide

Which element of Political Confusion in Rome do you find the most significant?
Loss of traditional values
Decline of education
Dishonest and corrupt government officials
Civil wars between military legions
Soldiers turning on the emperor

Slide 12 - Poll

Problem 2:
Economic Weakness
Rome's weakened government led to a weakened economy during the 200s C.E.

Slide 13 - Slide

What happened?
Roman soldiers and foreign invaders attacked farms and disrupted trade.
Attacks --> food shortages
Food shortages --> food became more expensive +
people went hungry.
Less money to spend = fewer goods bought
Profits declined, many went out of business and lost jobs

Slide 14 - Slide

Was the government able to help?
They produced more coins.
Value of the coins was low because they were not made of precious metals like before.
farmers and merchants had to raise prices to compensate
Inflation - steep rise in prices with a matching decline in the value of money.

Slide 15 - Slide

Take a look at the size of Rome's Empire!
What stands out?

Slide 16 - Slide

What did you notice about the size of Rome's Empire?

Slide 17 - Open question

Problem 3: Invasions
Due to its size, the empire struggled to maintain defenses at the frontier of the empire.
Germanic tribes invaded the western empire
Persian Sassanian armies invaded the east
Empire had to hire Germanic soldiers to help with protection.

Slide 18 - Slide

What might be a problem with hiring outsiders to protect your empire?

Slide 19 - Open question

Video Review
Watch the following video that gives and overall picture of these three major problems, along with a few more, that caused the collapse of the Roman Empire. Then, create a mind map of the most significant issues that stand out to you about why Rome fell.

Slide 20 - Slide

Slide 21 - Video

What are some of the most significant
reasons for the fall of Rome?

Slide 22 - Mind map

Who was the last emperor of the Pax Romana period?
Julius Caesar
Marcus Aurelius
Caesar Augustus

Slide 23 - Quiz

Which of the following was NOT one of Rome's traditional values?

Slide 24 - Quiz

What was the effect of attacks on farms and trade routes?
food shortages
decreased spending
all of the above

Slide 25 - Quiz

Which group was hired to defend Rome's lands?
Frankish soldiers
Germanic soldiers
Muslim soldiers
Attila and the Huns

Slide 26 - Quiz