Prelude to the war (Classroom Lesson)

Prelude to the war
A Divided Nation (1849-1861)
Lesson 2
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Slide 1: Slide
US HistoryMiddelbare schoolvmbo tLeerjaar 2,3

This lesson contains 23 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 30 min

Items in this lesson

Prelude to the war
A Divided Nation (1849-1861)
Lesson 2

Slide 1 - Slide

What do you know about
the causes of the Civil War?

Slide 2 - Mind map

Learning objective
At the end of this lesson you understand and explain the (direct) causes that led to the Civil War.

Slide 3 - Slide

What did you learn so far?
A few questions to refresh your memory

Slide 4 - Slide

Know your presidents!
Martin van Buren
Abraham Lincoln
John Quincy Adams
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson

Slide 5 - Drag question

Missouri Compromise (1820)
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Compromise of 1850 (1)
The correct answer is...
What is a civil war?
A war between two countries
A war between groups in one country
A war between two continents

Slide 6 - Quiz

Union or more independence?
  • The North wanted a strong Union with a more central government
  • The South wanted a more decentralized government
  • The companies in the North wanted the federal government to protect the American market
  • The South wanted more power for every state: economical and political.

Slide 7 - Slide

Missouri Compromise (1820)
  • A political 'deal' between the (free) northern and (slave) southern states
  • Missouri would join the United States as a slave state.
  • Maine would become a free state, independent of Massachusetts.
  • In the future, north to the 36 ° latitude (the southern border of the state of Missouri) would become free states.

Slide 8 - Slide

Compromise of 1850 (1)
  • Also known as the Pearce Act
  • California was admitted as a free state, with its current boundaries.
  • The territories of New Mexico and Utah were organized following the principle of Popular Sovereignty, in which the residents would determine the status of slavery through election.

Slide 9 - Slide

Compromise of 1850 (2)
  • The slave trade, but not slavery altogether, was banned in the District of Columbia.
  • A more stringent Fugitive Slave Law was enacted.

Slide 10 - Slide

US: before and after 1850
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge

Slide 11 - Slide

Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
  • The Kansas-Nebraska Act is a law  which provided for the organization of the Kansas and Nebraska territories. 
  • The Missouri Compromise of 1820 was revoked and the residents of both future states were given the opportunity to decide for themselves about the possible admission of slavery, in the name of self-government by the people or popular sovereignty.

Slide 12 - Slide

Bleeding Kansas (1854-1861)
  • Bleeding Kansas was a series of violent confrontations between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
  • At the heart of the conflict was the question of whether the Kansas Territory  enter the Union as a slave state or a free state

Slide 13 - Slide

US: before and after 1850
Free State as a result of the Compromis of 1850
Free State as a result of the Missouri Compromis
Slave State as a result of the Missouri Compromis
Slave State as a result of the Kansas-Nebreska Act
Slave State as a result of the Kansas-Nebreska Act

Slide 14 - Drag question

Election of 1860
  • In 1860 Abraham Lincoln was elected as president 
  • The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 was an immediate cause of secession of the first 7 Southern states (SC, MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX), which formed the Confederacy in February 1861 
  • The first shot in the war was fired by South Carolina militias who conquered the federal Fort Sumter
  • Lincoln then called on volunteers to maintain the Union.

Slide 15 - Slide

The American Civil War

Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Video

  • civil war
  • secession
  • Union
  • Confederacy

Slide 18 - Slide


Slide 19 - Open question

Important events
  • 1820: Missouri Compromise 
  • 1850: Compromise of 1850
  • 1854: Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • 1860: Abraham Lincoln elected as president 
  • 1861: secession and forming of the Confederacy

Slide 20 - Slide

Important persons
  • Abraham Lincoln

Slide 21 - Slide

Write down three things 
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
you have learned this lesson

Slide 22 - Open question

Write down one question about 
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
something you haven't understood so well

Slide 23 - Open question