1.1 The First Humans

1. The Age of Hunters and Farmers
1.1 The first humans

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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 20 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

1. The Age of Hunters and Farmers
1.1 The first humans

Slide 1 - Slide

What is this lesson about?
Some people believe that a god or gods created the first humans. Scientists say that it took millions of years before people evolved into what we are now. 
Archaeologists and palaeontologists have found bones of the first humans in Africa. Modern humans are called Homo sapiens and they didn’t stay living in Africa. Instead they spread all over the world.

Slide 2 - Slide

Which Age are we studying in this Unit?

Slide 3 - Slide

What you will learn in 
this lesson
  • the definition of the evolution theory
  • what the "Out of Africa" theory means
  • how to read the family tree of modern humans
  • explain what palaeontologists and archaeologists do

Slide 4 - Slide

Word Duty

1.1 First humans

Fossils: remains of plants or animals that are preserved in stone
Scientist: someone who studies a science, for instance history or biology
Creation narrative: a story that says God created man and the rest of the world
Theory of evolution: theory written by Charles Darwin to explain the way species change
Excavation: process by which you uncover something through digging away the earth that covers it
Palaeontologist: someone who studies ancient life on the planet
Archaeologist: someone who digs up remains to investigate human activity in the past
Tool: an object held in one hand to accomplish a task
Out of Africa theory: theory of beliefs that modern man evolved in Africa and then migrated t
other areas in the world


Slide 5 - Slide

1. In your textbook, read Lucy (p.8)
Copy the sentence from the text that explains what fossils are.

Slide 6 - Open question

2. Drag the box with the name Ethiopia to the correct country in the map.
When you see this symbol you need to use internet to help you find the answer.

Slide 7 - Drag question

3a. The scientists were looking for fossils, but were really interested in the remains of early humans in Ethiopia.


Slide 8 - Quiz

3b. The scientists knew right away that they had found remains of a human.


Slide 9 - Quiz

4. Look at the drawing of Lucy on page 8. Here you see another
kind of reconstruction; it shows us what Lucy might have
looked like when she was still alive. (click the photo to enlarge)

Why would a museum use this kind of reconstruction instead
of a display that only shows a few bones from a skeleton?

Because it attracts people more than showing only bones.
Because Lucy was a beautiful girl.
Because we know exactly what Lucy looked like.
A, B and C are all correct

Slide 10 - Quiz

5. Why was it special that Lucy’s skeleton was well preserved?

because the bones were found by accident.
because the bones were so old.

Slide 11 - Quiz

6a. In your textbook, read "Where do humans come from" (p.9)
Create a correct English sentence with these words:

by a god / humans / people believed / created / at first / were

Slide 12 - Open question

6b. In your textbook, read "Where do humans come from" (p.9)
Create a correct English sentence with these words:

Adam and Eve / is the story of / of a creation narrative / a famous example

Slide 13 - Open question

7. What is a creation narrative?

It is a story that says....

humans were created by scientists
God was created by humans
God was created by scientists
humans were created by God

Slide 14 - Quiz

8. In your textbook, read "Theory of evolution".

Drag the missing words to the correct place in the text.

Slide 15 - Drag question

Slide 16 - Link

9. Go to the website in the previous slide.
Then click on ‘what is the job of an archaeologist?’ and read the text.

Use the information to make the correct combinations


Slide 17 - Drag question

10. In your textbook, read "Out of Africa" (p.9)

Describe the Out of Africa theory in your own words.

Slide 18 - Open question

Write down one question about something from this lesson that you find difficult.

Slide 19 - Open question


Slide 20 - Slide