# Conditionals

Conditionals
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3,4

This lesson contains 30 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Lesson duration is: 40 min

## Items in this lesson

Conditionals

#### Slide 1 -Slide

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The goal of today's lesson:
to understand and be able to use the conditionals in English.

#### Slide 2 -Slide

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Conditionals
WHAT? Conditional tenses are used to speculate about what could happen, what might have happened, and what we wish would happen.

There are 4 main ways of constructing conditional sentences.
zero, first, second and third conditional

#### Slide 3 -Slide

If this thing happens, then that thing happens.

Condition consequence or result

There are 4 main ways of constructing conditional sentences in English. In all cases, these sentences are made up of an if clause and a main clause.

#### Slide 4 -Slide

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There are 4 main ways of constructing conditional sentences in English. In all cases, these sentences are made up of an if clause and a main clause.

If I save, I have extra money. (Zero conditional)
IfI save enough money, I will buy that house. (1st cond.)
If I saved enough money, I would buy that house. (2nd)
If I had saved enough money, I would have bought that house.
(3rd)

#### Slide 6 -Slide

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Zero conditional
Function:
General truth (scientific facts)
Real and possible situation
Now or always

Examples:
If water reaches 100 degrees, it boils.
If it rains, the grass gets wet.

If clause (condition)
Main clause (result)
If + present simple
present simple

#### Slide 7 -Slide

The zero conditional is used for when the time being referred to is now or always and the situation is real and possible. The zero conditional is often used to refer to general truths. The tense in both parts of the sentence is the simple present. In zero conditional sentences, the word "if" can usually be replaced by the word "when" without changing the meaning.

Also used when giving instructions.
If you are not sure what to do, ask Pete.
If sparky _____ (see) the post man, he _____ (start) barking.

#### Slide 8 -Open question

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If you ___(freeze) water, it ___ (become) solid.

#### Slide 9 -Open question

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First conditional
Function:
Describes a particular situation
Possible condition and its
probable result

Examples:
If you don't drop the gun, I will shoot!
If you drop that glass, it will break.

If clause (condition)
Main clause (result)
If + present simple
will + infinitive

#### Slide 10 -Slide

The type 1 conditional is used to refer to the present or future where the situation is real. The type 1 conditional refers to a possible condition and its probable result. In these sentences the if clause is in the simple present, and the main clause is in the simple future (will +verb).
If you ___ (cause) trouble, I ___(send) you to the principal.

#### Slide 11 -Open question

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If Liz ___ (forget) her homework again, the teacher ___ (call) her parents.

#### Slide 12 -Open question

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Second conditional
Function:
Unlikely or hypothetical
condition and its probable result
Present or future

Examples:
If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.
If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a present.

If clause (condition)
Main clause (result)
If + past simple
would + infinitive

#### Slide 13 -Slide

The type 2 conditional is used to refer to a time that is now or any time, and a situation that is unreal. These sentences are not based on fact. The type 2 conditional is used to refer to a hypothetical condition and its probable result. In type 2 conditional sentences, the if clause uses the simple past, and the main clause uses the present conditional.
If I ___ (have) enough money, I ___ (buy) a big house.

#### Slide 14 -Open question

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If you ___ (have) a better job, we ___ (be) able to buy a new car.

#### Slide 15 -Open question

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Third conditional
Function:
Impossible condition in the past
and its probable result
Hypothetical and unreal

Examples:
If I had worked harder, I would have passed the exam.
If I had known you were coming, I would have baked a cake.

If clause (condition)
Main clause (result)
If + past perfect
would have + past participle

#### Slide 16 -Slide

The type 3 conditional is used to refer to a time that is in the past, and a situation that is contrary to reality. The facts they are based on are the opposite of what is expressed. The type 3 conditional is used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable past result. In type 3 conditional sentences, the if clause uses the past perfect, and the main clause uses the perfect conditional.

These sentences are truly hypothetical and unreal, because it is now too late for the condition or its result to exist. There is always some implication of regret with type 3 conditional sentences.
If we ___ (arrive) earlier, we ___ (see) John.

#### Slide 17 -Open question

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If I ___ (be) born in a different country, I ___ (learn) to speak a different language.

#### Slide 18 -Open question

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Zero conditional:

First conditional:

Second conditional:
If/when + present simple
If + present simple
If + past simple
present simple
will + hele ww
would + hele ww

#### Slide 19 -Drag question

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Conditionals (if- clause statement)
Drag the example to the appropriate conditional.
zero conditional
first
conditional
second
conditional
third
conditional

#### Slide 20 -Drag question

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Pick the Zero Conditional sentence.
A
If Julie doesn't wear a hat, she gets sunstroke.
B
If Julie wears a hat, she will be protected from the sun.
C
If Julie wore a hat, she wouldn't get sunstroke.
D
If Julie had worn a hat, she wouldn't have gotten sunstroke.

#### Slide 21 -Quiz

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Choose the First Conditional
A
If I met the English King, I would say 'hello, sir'!
B
When water reaches 100 degrees, it boils.
C
She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon.
D
She would travel to Hawaii if she were rich.

#### Slide 22 -Quiz

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Pick the Third Conditional sentence.

A
If I have enough money, I will buy a new phone.
B
If it rains, we won't go to the beach.
C
If you heat ice, it melts.
D

#### Slide 23 -Quiz

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A correct example of the first conditional is..
A
If I started eating healthy, I would lose weight.
B
If he doesn't go to bed early, he won't be well rested tomorrow.
C
I could start playing the guitar if I had a guitar.
D
If it rains, he goes to work by car.

#### Slide 24 -Quiz

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Choose the second conditional sentence.
A
If Julie doesn't wear a hat, she gets sunstroke.
B
If Julie wears a hat, she will be protected from the sun.
C
If Julie wore a hat, she wouldn't get sunstroke.
D
If Julie had worn a hat, she wouldn't have gotten sunstroke.

#### Slide 25 -Quiz

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Pick the Second Conditional sentence.
A
If Julie doesn't wear a hat, she gets sunstroke.
B
If Julie wears a hat, she will be protected from the sun.
C
If Julie wore a hat, she wouldn't get sunstroke.
D
If Julie had worn a hat, she wouldn't have gotten sunstroke.

#### Slide 26 -Quiz

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If the students ___
(not/be) late for the exam, they ___
(pass), but they were all late.

#### Slide 27 -Open question

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If she _____
(have) her laptop with her, she ____
(email) me. Unfortuanately, she doesn't have it.

#### Slide 28 -Open question

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If the teacher ___ (give) us lots of homework this weekend, I _____ (not/be) happy.

#### Slide 29 -Open question

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#### Slide 30 -Slide

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