Argumentative Essay - Introduction

Argumentative
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 4,6

This lesson contains 19 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 30 min

Items in this lesson

Argumentative

Slide 1 - Slide

What is the purpose of an argumentative essay?
A
to compare and contrast two different or similar things.
B
to convince the reader by using logic and evidence
C
to answer a question through research of the relevant literature
D
to analyze a piece of literature from different angles

Slide 2 - Quiz

Introduction
  1. Grab the reader’s attention by using a “hook.” 
  2. Give an overview of the argument.
  3. Close with a thesis statement that reveals the position to be argued.

Slide 3 - Slide

1. Grab the reader’s attention by using a “hook.” 
Begin the introductory paragraph with a broad, general statement about the paper’s topic or even a question. Try to make it interesting and catchy to encourage your reader to want more information. Remember that the first few sentences give the reader the first impression of your essay; it is extremely important that you make a good first impression.

Slide 4 - Slide

2. Give an overview of the argument.
This part of the introduction bridges the opening statement with the thesis statement.

Slide 5 - Slide

3. Close with a thesis statement that reveals the position to be argued.
  • The thesis statement is usually the final sentence of the introduction.
  • The thesis statement is an independent sentence. It does not refer to other points or words mentioned earlier in the introduction. By reading this single sentence, your reader should know exactly what you will argue in your essay. 
  • The argumentative thesis takes a side of an issue. It is often expressed with the modal verb should (not)).
  • The thesis statement does not have personal emphasis (the use of I or we).

Slide 6 - Slide

The thesis statement is an independent sentence. It does not refer to other points or words mentioned earlier in the introduction. By reading this single sentence, your reader should know exactly what you will argue in your essay. 
The thesis statement is an independent sentence. It does not refer to other points or words mentioned earlier in the introduction. 
Correct: Body scanners should be used at all international      airports.
  
 Wrong: Because of this, body scanners should be used at all international airports.

 Wrong: Therefore, body scanners should be used at all international airports.
    

Slide 7 - Slide

The argumentative thesis takes a side of an issue. It is often expressed with the modal verb should (not)).
For example:
  •   Governments should ban further construction of nuclear       power plants.
  •    Mobile phones should not be allowed in schools.
  •    Smoking should be banned in all public places.

Slide 8 - Slide

The thesis statement does not have personal emphasis (the use of I or we).
Correct: Television has no beneficial effect upon a child’s development.

 Wrong: I believe television has no beneficial effect upon a child’s development.

 Wrong: We don’t think television has any beneficial effect upon a child’s development.

Slide 9 - Slide

Example 1 of an introductory paragraph with thesis statement:

A difficult problem that is facing society today is euthanasia, which is another word for mercy killing. Thousands of people are mortally ill because of an incurable disease. They are kept alive in artificial ways. They have no chance to recover completely, but most legal systems do not allow doctors to end their patients’ lives. Why should all these people suffer if they don’t have to? Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.

Slide 10 - Slide

What's the thesis statement in this introductory paragraph?
A
A difficult problem that is facing society today is euthanasia, which is another word for mercy killing.
B
Why should all these people suffer if they don’t have to?
C
Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.
D
They are kept alive in artificial ways.

Slide 11 - Quiz

Example 2 of an introductory paragraph with thesis statement:

Every day, terminally ill patients suffer horrendously and are begging to die. They are kept alive in artificial ways. They have no chance to recover completely, but most legal systems do not allow doctors to end their patients’ lives. Why should all these people suffer if they don’t have to? Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.

Slide 12 - Slide

What's the thesis statement in this introductory paragraph?
A
Why should all these people suffer if they don’t have to?
B
Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.
C
Every day, terminally ill patients suffer horrendously and are begging to die.
D
They are kept alive in artificial ways.

Slide 13 - Quiz

Example 3 of an introductory paragraph with thesis statement:

John is 38 years old and he has been suffering from pancreatic cancer for more than 8 months. He has no strength left to eat and is tube fed. He needs pain relief 24/7 and wants only one thing: euthanasia. Most legal systems do not allow doctors to end their patients’ lives. Why should all these people suffer if they don’t have to? Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.

Slide 14 - Slide

What's the thesis statement in this introductory paragraph?
A
Fatally ill patients should be given the choice to legally end their lives.
B
Most legal systems do not allow doctors to end their patients’ lives.
C
John is 38 years old and he has been suffering from pancreatic cancer for more than 8 months.
D
He has no strength left to eat and is tube fed.

Slide 15 - Quiz

Here's a recap of how to 
structure the introduction of an 
argumentative essay.

Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Video

Now you write an introduction (60-80 words) about one of these topics:
• mobile phones
• marriage
• exams
• taxes
• computers
• smoking
• TV vs computer
• online news vs newspapers
• fur

Slide 18 - Slide

Upload this introduction in 
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Introduction
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Slide 19 - Slide