Industrial revolution

Industrial revolution > modernisation > led to many new inventions 

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HistorySecondary Education

This lesson contains 4 slides, with interactive quiz and text slides.

Items in this lesson

Industrial revolution > modernisation > led to many new inventions 

Slide 1 - Slide

The industrial revolution started in:

Great Britain
The Netherlands

Slide 2 - Quiz

The Belle Époque

At the start of the twentieth century, many western countries went through what some considered a time with a promising future. There were no mayor conflicts, prosperity grew, art and culture flourished and the industrial revolution had led to all kinds of new inventions. Electric lights lit up homes and streets; the first cars and airplanes were developed. The telegraph, the telephone, and new discoveries in the field of medicine gave people an optimistic view of the future. The rich and famous dressed up in fancy clothes to visit parties or newly built movie theatres and even the lives of labourers were gradually improving. No wonder this period in history is called the Belle Époque (‘beautiful era’). People felt that it was a thrilling time to be alive. But unrest was growing underneath this layer of splendour. World leaders were building up armies and dreamed of expanding their power…

Paris during the Belle Epoque. The Eiffel Tower was built in 1887 - '89

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What is this lesson about?
An agricultural revolution in England led to a population growth. This growth triggered a high demand for clothes, which inspired entrepreneurs to invest money in new inventions for spinning. These inventions led to the industrial revolution in which machines in factories had taken over manual labour at home. Fossil fuels were burned to produce steam power. The promise of work in a factory brought people to the cities.

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