3.1 Migration to the Netherlands

3.1 Migration to the Netherlands
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Slide 1: Slide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 25 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

3.1 Migration to the Netherlands

Slide 1 - Slide

At the end of this lesson you are able to

  • Name the biggest groups of immigrants in the Netherlands and explain why they came here.
  • Put the arrival of current groups of migrants to the Netherlands into the correct chronological order.

Slide 2 - Slide

Slide 3 - Slide

Slide 4 - Slide

Guest workers
In the 1960s guest workers from the Mediterranean came here to work temporarily.
Also called migrant workers.

Return migration was the plan, but most of them stayed here.

Slide 5 - Slide

Former colonies
Biggest groups:
  • Indonesia (1945) 
  • Surinam (1975)
  • Antilles (1986)

  1. They speak Dutch.
  2. No trust in independence.

Slide 6 - Slide

Refugees are people who flee from danger (mostly war).

Worldwide: 26,4 million seek asylum outside their country. 82.4 million including people within their own country.

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Link

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

Refugees Ukraine

Slide 11 - Slide

Were do they go?
Look at the list on the left, where do these refugees come from?

Turkey: Syria
Colombia: Venezuela
Germany: Ukraine
Pakistan: Afghanistan
Uganda: South sudan and DRC (Congo)

Slide 12 - Slide

Seasonal workers
Rapid growth after 2004, because many countries in Eastern Europe became EU member states.

Circular migration = migration 
between the home country and another country for work.

Within a year = seasonal migration.

Slide 13 - Slide

The population of the Netherlands includes four distinct groups of immigrants. Firstly, guest workers from Morocco and Turkey who have stayed in our country. Secondly, people from former colonies: Indonesia, Surinam and the Dutch Antilles. Thirdly, refugees, who fled from different places around the world where it was unsafe. Fourthly, circular and seasonal migrants from Eastern Europe, of which most decide not to stay in the Netherlands.

Slide 14 - Slide

Aren’t we all descended from migrants?
It is not only during recent decades that people have arrived in our country; for centuries and millennia before, people came to the area we now call the Netherlands. Around the beginning of the era, it was the Romans and during the Middle Ages, it was the Saxons. Later on, Portuguese, Spanish, German and French people came to the Netherlands. Maybe one of your ancestors from long ago was in one of these groups of people!

Slide 15 - Slide

Guest worker- Recruited by Dutch government in the 60s. 
Migrant worker- Same as guest worker but in the Netherlands it mostly refers to people who were not guestworkers but still come to work here temporarily.
Migrant from former colony- people from Dutch Antilles, Surinam, Indonesia etc...
Refugee (vluchteling)- Someone who flees from danger.
Asylumseeker (azielzoeker)- Refugee who applied for asylum but is yet to be processed. No refugee status yet.
Done? Start reading paragraph 1!!

Slide 16 - Slide

To do:
Paragraph 1: Exercises 1 to 8

Done? Follow the link
Figure out how many people emigrated from the Netherlands in 2022,

Slide 17 - Slide

At the end of this lesson you are
able to explain what circular migration is
able to explain what seasonal migration is

Slide 18 - Slide

Carefully study the photo.

Slide 19 - Slide

Name all the possible reasons why these people would risk the dangers of migration.

Slide 20 - Mind map

Slide 21 - Slide

Types of migrants

Slide 22 - Mind map

What do you see?
What are the doing? Is this happening somewere else as well?
Is that ok?Or could it be different?

Slide 23 - Slide

Seasonal workers NOTE1
Circular migration- migrating between their homeland and a different country for work

Seasonal migration- circular migration but just for one particular part of the year, for example harvest season

Slide 24 - Slide

To do 
Check your answers
Do exercises 9 to 12
Done? move on to the mindmap on page 107
Challenge? Figure out how many seasonal workers we have in the Netherlands for a particular harvest. (asparagus, tulip bulb pickers, fruitpickers etcetera....) 

Slide 25 - Slide