Whaling (Primary)

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Slide 1: Slide
GeographyEnglish+34-6 Grade6th,7th Grade

This lesson contains 32 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min


Overfishing is emptying the ocean, with 90% of fisheries already overfished. Illegal fishing is having a big impact. This lesson explains the role commercial whaling has played and the current status of whaling.

Items in this lesson


Slide 1 - Slide

Whaling 1900's and current whaling nations.

Slide 2 - Slide

Slide 3 - Video

Whales have lived on planet earth for 50 million years.

Slide 4 - Slide

How whales fuel the carbon cycle?

Slide 5 - Slide

Threats to whales - plastic pollution,by-catch, entanglement and ship strikes.

Slide 6 - Slide

Nearly 3 million whales hunted in 1900's.

Slide 7 - Slide

Blue whales - 1% of pre-whaling population left.

Slide 8 - Slide

Whale species are still endangered.

Slide 9 - Slide

Why do you think it
takes so long for whale
numbers to recover?

Slide 10 - Mind map

International Whaling Commission established 1946.

Members are nations who conducted whale hunts.

Up to 1986 determined quotas for whaling.

Slide 11 - Slide

IWC voted to ban whaling from 1985/86.

Slide 12 - Slide

Whaling classifications:

1. Commercial Whaling
Killing of whales for the sale of the meat and by-products for profit.

Slide 13 - Slide

Whaling classifications:

2. Indigenous Whaling
To allow communities that have a subsistence living and rely on whale meat to continue to survive.

Slide 14 - Slide

Whaling classifications:

3. Special Permit Whaling
Allows for lethal research

Whales are killed to conduct research.

Slide 15 - Slide

Do you know of any non lethal ways research can be conducted on whales?

Slide 16 - Open question

Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species

Member countries must prohibit trade in whale products.

Slide 17 - Slide

Indigenous whaling nations:
Russia, United States, Greenland and West Indies.

Slide 18 - Slide

Non IWC member
Whaling nations
Canada  - Inuits take several bowhead whales a year.

Indonesia - up to 40 sperm whales a year.

South Korea - increasing take - around 100 a year.

Slide 19 - Slide

Research Whaling - Japan
Southern Ocean and North Pacific

Slide 20 - Slide

Southern Ocean
Whale Sanctuary
Japanese whale within the Sanctuary.

Sanctuary is 50m square kilometres around Antarctica.

Significant feeding grounds for whales.

Slide 21 - Slide

What does sanctuary mean?
Should whaling be allowed in a sanctuary?

Slide 22 - Open question

ICJ Ruling
In 2014 International Court of Justice ruled the Japanese research program in Southern Ocean was not valid.

It was commercial whaling.

Slide 23 - Slide

Japan's response:
Applied for new research permits - denied by IWC.

Decreased quota to 333 Minke whales - returned to Southern Ocean in 2015 & 2016.

2019 - ceased whaling Southern Ocean, still whaling in North Pacific.

Slide 24 - Slide

Why do you think a country
would continue whaling
an endangered species?

Slide 25 - Mind map

Illegal commercial whaling - Iceland
Target Fin and Minke whales.
Continued commercial whaling - selling whale meat to Japan.

Less 3% of Icelanders eat whale meat, but sell to tourists in restaurants.

No whaling in 2019 & 2020.

Slide 26 - Slide

Illegal commercial whaling - Norway
Government believed ban could not be imposed on them.

Quota of 1,000 Minke whales a year - not been able to catch full quota.

Declining market for whale meat -  limited opportunities to sell overseas.

Slide 27 - Slide

Why would Norway have trouble selling whale meat?

Slide 28 - Open question

Name six countries that
still conduct whale hunts?

Slide 29 - Mind map

What would you do to help stop whaling?

Slide 30 - Open question

Slide 31 - Slide


Slide 32 - Slide