This lesson contains 32 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.
Lesson duration is: 45 min
Overfishing is emptying the ocean, with 90% of fisheries already overfished. Illegal fishing is having a big impact. This lesson explains the role commercial whaling has played and the current status of whaling.
Items in this lesson
Slide 1 - Slide
Whaling 1900's and current whaling nations.
Slide 2 - Slide
Slide 3 - Video
Whales have lived on planet earth for 50 million years.
Slide 4 - Slide
How whales fuel the carbon cycle?
Slide 5 - Slide
Threats to whales - plastic pollution,by-catch, entanglement and ship strikes.
Slide 6 - Slide
Nearly 3 million whales hunted in 1900's.
Slide 7 - Slide
Blue whales - 1% of pre-whaling population left.
Slide 8 - Slide
Whale species are still endangered.
Slide 9 - Slide
Why do you think it takes so long for whale numbers to recover?
Slide 10 - Mind map
International Whaling Commission established 1946.
Members are nations who conducted whale hunts.
Up to 1986 determined quotas for whaling.
Slide 11 - Slide
IWC voted to ban whaling from 1985/86.
Slide 12 - Slide
1. Commercial Whaling
Killing of whales for the sale of the meat and by-products for profit.
Slide 13 - Slide
2. Indigenous Whaling
To allow communities that have a subsistence living and rely on whale meat to continue to survive.
Slide 14 - Slide
3. Special Permit Whaling
Allows for lethal research
Whales are killed to conduct research.
Slide 15 - Slide
Do you know of any non lethal ways research can be conducted on whales?
Slide 16 - Open question
Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species
Member countries must prohibit trade in whale products.
Slide 17 - Slide
Indigenous whaling nations:
Russia, United States, Greenland and West Indies.
Slide 18 - Slide
Non IWC member
Canada - Inuits take several bowhead whales a year.
Indonesia - up to 40 sperm whales a year.
South Korea - increasing take - around 100 a year.
Slide 19 - Slide
Research Whaling - Japan
Southern Ocean and North Pacific
Slide 20 - Slide
Japanese whale within the Sanctuary.
Sanctuary is 50m square kilometres around Antarctica.
Significant feeding grounds for whales.
Slide 21 - Slide
What does sanctuary mean? Should whaling be allowed in a sanctuary?
Slide 22 - Open question
In 2014 International Court of Justice ruled the Japanese research program in Southern Ocean was not valid.
It was commercial whaling.
Slide 23 - Slide
Applied for new research permits - denied by IWC.
Decreased quota to 333 Minke whales - returned to Southern Ocean in 2015 & 2016.
2019 - ceased whaling Southern Ocean, still whaling in North Pacific.
Slide 24 - Slide
Why do you think a country would continue whaling an endangered species?
Slide 25 - Mind map
Illegal commercial whaling - Iceland
Target Fin and Minke whales.
Continued commercial whaling - selling whale meat to Japan.
Less 3% of Icelanders eat whale meat, but sell to tourists in restaurants.
No whaling in 2019 & 2020.
Slide 26 - Slide
Illegal commercial whaling - Norway
Government believed ban could not be imposed on them.
Quota of 1,000 Minke whales a year - not been able to catch full quota.
Declining market for whale meat - limited opportunities to sell overseas.
Slide 27 - Slide
Why would Norway have trouble selling whale meat?
Slide 28 - Open question
Name six countries that still conduct whale hunts?