Citizens and steam machines - 5.3 (1)

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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 15 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

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Slide 1 - Slide

Program for today...
5.3 - Democracy in the Netherlands

Slide 2 - Slide

5.3 Democracy in the Netherlands
In 1813 the Netherlands became a 'constitutional monarchy' (constitutionele monarchie), the king still had all the power. 

In 1848 a new constitution made Parliament (tweede kamer) the most powerfull political organ. But only rich people could vote, and only men of course. 
In 1919 universal suffrage (stemrecht) was established.

Slide 3 - Slide

Give one word that describes 'democracy' for you.

Slide 4 - Mind map

NL was a constitutional monarchy and had a parliament that consisted the house of representatives (2e kamer) and the senate (1e kamer). 
However, parliament was not democratically chosen. The king appointed the senate and the house of representatives was chosen by the regents. It was not a democracy!

Slide 5 - Slide

King William I was head of state, but also head of government. He would decide on the ministers in his cabinet and only he would make decisions about the army, foreign politics and the treasury (staatskas). He did not  have to inform parliament.

In 1830 Belgium split from the Netherlands, they rebelled against William I. 

Slide 6 - Slide

William II
From 1845 > famine in Europe. Riots broke out in The Hague. William II gave in to the liberals and allowed Thorbecke to write a new constitution in which Parliament would have the power.

This constitution gave NL a parliamentary system, the king lost his power but remained head of state. 
The constitution also guaranteed civil liberties (burgerrechten)

Slide 7 - Slide

Voting rights
The NL was not yet a democracy, it had census suffrage, only men who paid enough taxes could vote. 
The socialists wanted to extend the right to vote because this would cause them to get more seats in parliament. (how?)

Also feminists started to demand female suffrage, in 1919 this was achieved. 

Slide 8 - Slide

What do you remember?

Slide 9 - Slide

What caused the Industrial Revolution to start in England?

Slide 10 - Open question

How do we call the historical period that started in 1800
Early modern times
Middle ages
Modern times
Time of television and computer

Slide 11 - Quiz

What sectors grew thanks to the Industrial Revolution? Name 2.

Slide 12 - Open question

What were the 2 issues of the 'Social question'?

Slide 13 - Open question

Assignments 1-8

Hand in via Teams on Friday as!

Answers to the practise tests are on ItsLearning

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Slide