havo 4 unit 3

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Slide 1: Video
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 21 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 3 videos.

Items in this lesson

Slide 1 - Video

Unit 3: going places
form pairs.
Describe the two pictures, compare them and answer the question.
You do not have time to think and the task should be done in one minute.

First do pictures 1 and 2, then pictures 3 and 4.
Then discuss the following quetsions:
Which of the holidays in the photo would you choose?
Where in the world would you most like to go on holiday?


Slide 2 - Slide

Listen to Steve Jackson and fill in the right answer.
remember:  fill in one word and occasionally two words.
                          make sure your spelling is correct
nr 4

Slide 3 - Slide

topic set: travel and holidays
airline = luchtvaart maatschappij
backpacker = iemand die reist met weinig bagage (rugzak)
bed and breakfast = plaats waar je kunt overnachten en ontbijten
campsite = camping
caravan = caravan
cliff = klif
coach = touring car
coast = kust
crew = bemanning
ferry = veerboot                                    now do exercise 4

Slide 4 - Slide

topic set: travel and holidays
flight = vlucht
harbour = haven
holiday-makers = vakantiegangers
hostel = (jeugd) herberg
journey = reis
landing = landing
shore = kustlijn
travel agent = reisbureau medewerker
voyage = zeereis
yacht = jacht ( boot)

Slide 5 - Slide

phrasal verbs
check in = inchecken ( bij hotel)
to get away = er even tussenuit gaan
to get in = arriveren , binnen komen, landen (vliegtuig)
to set off = vertrekken
to stop over = ergens kort blijven om over te stappen op een ander vliegtuig
to book into = regelen dat iemand ergens kan verblijven
to check out = uitchecken ( bij een hotel)
to take off = vertrekken, opstijgen

now do exercise 5

Slide 6 - Slide

collocations are words that always go together.
In this case a verb and a noun.
do the exercise below.

Slide 7 - Slide


Slide 8 - Drag question

use of English
This is a Use of English exercise. Usually you have to choose from 4 different options. Now there are only 2!
The words are often confused because they have a similar meaning or spelling. 

Slide 9 - Slide

Find the modal in the text

Slide 10 - Slide

explanation modals
Modals are short for modal auxiliaries (Dutch: hulpwerkwoorden van modaliteit). Modals can express obligation (Dutch: verplichting), necessity (Dutch: noodzaak) or permission (Dutch: toestemming). 

Slide 11 - Slide

Stong obligation:
Must    -  present and future 
- The speaker is the one who imposes the obligation. In other words he is the one who tells somebody what they must do. 
- You can also use must for laws. 
Examples:  You must clean up the mess at once. 
  You must stop when the light turns red. 

Slide 12 - Slide

have to
Have to / have got to (informal use only) 
- Present and future 
- The speaker is not the one who imposes the obligation. In other words somebody else tells somebody what they must do. 
Example:  The teacher told me  that I have to write down these words  
 Had to 
- Past and reported speech (Dutch: indirecte rede) 
Example:  My dad said that I had to come home early. 
I had to finish my meal before I was allowed to leave the table. 

Slide 13 - Slide

Other ways to express obligation (no modals): 
- To make someone do something 
- To be compulsory 
Examples:  The teacher made the pupils write down the entire sentence.                                        
English is compulsory at secondary school. 

Slide 14 - Slide

Weak obligation 
Should /ought to 
- Present and future 
   should have + past participle / ought to have + past participle 
- Past 
- Often used for criticism or regret, because an action didn’t happen.
Examples:   I really should visit granny more often. 
                        I ought to have told John the truth sooner. 

Slide 15 - Slide

Asking for and giving permission 

Can – the word you usually use for permission 
Could -  is more polite  
May – is formal 
Can I go to the toilet, please? 
Could I ask you for some assistance? 
May I bother you for some salt? 

Slide 16 - Slide

Other ways to express permission (no modals):  
- To allow someone to ..  
- To permit someone to ..  
- To let someone ..  
Dad allowed me to buy a new pair of jeans.  
The police permitted Jon to leave the prison.  
I let the kids play in the sandbox, even though it rained.  

Slide 17 - Slide

Prohibition (Dutch: verbod)
 Mustn’t/ can’t  
- Present and future 
- You use this when something is forbidden 
Was not to / couldn’t 
- Past 
You can’t smoke in restaurants in Holland. 
I couldn’t go into that road because there were road works. 
I wasn’t to open the presents before Christmas morning. 

Slide 18 - Slide

Other ways of expressing prohibition (no modals): 
- To forbid someone to .. 
- To ban someone from …-ing something 
- To not allow someone to … something 
- To not permit someone to … something 
- To not let someone … something 
- Imperative (Dutch: gebiedende wijs) 
Mother forbids me to speak to strangers. 
The prisoner was banned from going to his dad’s funeral. 
James wasn’t allowed to use a knife. 
The teacher didn’t permit us to use a dictionary. 
Dad doesn’t let me drive his car to school. 
Don’t tease your brother! 

Slide 19 - Slide

Slide 20 - Video

Slide 21 - Video