# Les 10 - Samenvatting

Planning
Summary §4.1 t/m §4.4
1 / 35
Slide 1: Slide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 35 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Lesson duration is: 45 min

## Items in this lesson

Planning
Summary §4.1 t/m §4.4

#### Slide 1 -Slide

Purchasing power (koopkracht): How much you can buy in a country for one dollar, or euro

Groceries in:

#### Slide 2 -Slide

Poverty line
Poverty line (armoedegrens): The amount of money you need at a minimum to live in a country. This differs from country to country.

#### Slide 3 -Slide

Poverty line
Poverty line (armoedegrens): De hoeveelheid geld die je minimaal nodig hebt. Dit verschilt van land tot land. Bijvoorbeeld:

In Nederland is dit het geval: "The poverty line for the Netherlands is drawn at approximately €1,040 a month for a single individual and up to €1,960 for a couple with two children."  This is about 34 euros a day

Maar in Afrika dit: 'African households with a consumption level below the 1.9\$/day poverty line declined from 40% in 2010 to 34% in 2019. At below 3.2 \$/day, the poverty rate fell from 63% to 59%; and at below 5.5 \$/day, it fell from 83% to 80%." 1,9\$ per day is about 60 dollars a month

#### Slide 4 -Slide

Developing countries
Developing countries (ontwikkelingslanden): These countries are not the rich industrialised countries, but they are generally considered to be poorer.

These countries often lack:
• good education
• Infrastructure
• Good jobs
• proper healthcare

#### Slide 5 -Slide

Informal sector
Informal sector (informele sector): The unofficial part of the economy, also known as the black market. The incomes in this sector do not end up in government statistics.

#### Slide 6 -Slide

GDP/Capita
GDP/Capita (BBP/capita): All the money that is made in a country divided by the number op people in a country.

#### Slide 7 -Slide

In a country \$100.000.000,- is made in a year. What do we call this?
A
Gross domestic product (GDP)
B
Capital revenue (CR)
C
Gentrification (Gtr)
D
Capita (C)

#### Slide 8 -Quiz

In a country \$100.000.000,- is made in a year. 67.430 people live in this country. What is the GDP/Capita?
A
\$1.500.000,-
B
0,0006743
C
\$1483,02,-
D
We don't have enough information to say that

#### Slide 9 -Quiz

GDP/Capita
GDP/Capita (BBP/capita): All the money that is made in a country divided by the number op people in a country.

#### Slide 10 -Slide

Sectors
In geography we have three (or four) economic sectors:
• Primary sector
• Secondary sector
• Tertiary sector
• (Informal sector)

#### Slide 11 -Slide

Primary sector
Primary sector (Primaire sector): Economic sector that is made up of mining, agriculture and fishing

In the primary sector goods are produced that can be used in other sectors

#### Slide 12 -Slide

Secondary sector
Secondary sector (secundaire sector): economic sector that is made up of industry

In the secondary sector goods from the primary sector are used to make products in factories

#### Slide 13 -Slide

Tertiary sector
Tertiary sector (tertiaire sector): In the tertiary sector, or services sector (dienstensector), the goods of the secondary and primary sector are used for, and sold to consumers

Primary sector
Secondary sector
Tertiary sector

#### Slide 15 -Drag question

Core-periphery model
• Core countries (Centrumlanden): Rich countries that are economically more developed than most other countries
• Semi-periphery countries (Semi-periferie landen): Countries that are economically in between core and periphery
• Periphery countries (Periferie landen): Poor countries that are economically less developed

#### Slide 17 -Slide

Periphery
• Periphery countries (Perifere landen): Poor countries that are economically less developed
• Mostly work in the primary sector

#### Slide 19 -Slide

Semi-periphery
• Semi-periphery countries (Semi-periferie landen): Countries that are economically in between core and periphery
• Mostly work in the secondary sector

#### Slide 21 -Slide

Core
• Core countries (Centrumlanden): Rich countries that are economically more developed than most other countries
• Mostly work in the tertiary sector

#### Slide 22 -Slide

Social inequality
Big differences between groups of people

#### Slide 25 -Slide

Regional inequality
Big differences in income within a country, or region

These regions can be divided into the pieces of the core periphery model
• Core
• Semi-periphery
• Periphery

Semi-periphery
Core
Periphery

#### Slide 27 -Drag question

Globalization
Globalization (globalisatie): Process through which regions of the world are connected more and more

#### Slide 28 -Slide

Causes of globalization
• More Multinational corporations (MNC's)
• More open borders
• Phones and the internet

#### Slide 29 -Slide

Multinational corporation (MNC)
Multinational Corporation (MNC) (Multinationale organisatie (MNO)): Large company that has factories and offices in multiple countries

#### Slide 30 -Slide

Open borders
• Quicker travel in the EU
• After the Brexit going to the UK takes 45 minutes extra
• So before the open borders in the EU going to Pula, Croatia would take 3 hours and 45 minutes extra

#### Slide 31 -Slide

Phones and the internet
Previously messages took a long time
5 - 10 weeks

#### Slide 32 -Slide

Phones and the internet
Nowadays mail is a lot faster
4 - 8 dagen

#### Slide 33 -Slide

Phones and the internet
But phones and the internet go the fastest
Almost instant

#### Slide 34 -Slide

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