V6 Alquin recap

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EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 6

This lesson contains 25 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson


Slide 1 - Slide

The Eighteenth Century
  • Britain: becomes the world's leading economic power

  • Wealth based on colonies and trade
  • Tea, silks and spices (India)

Slide 2 - Slide

  • "Reason" > as defined in the 18th century
  • Rational + balanced judgement, based on knowledge, wisdom and common sense
  • Not hindered by personal emotions!
  • Literature had to stick to strict rules
  • Most people failed to live up to standards > satire

Slide 3 - Slide

Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)

Classic example of satire
Allegory about current social situation in England
Fairy-tale with dwarves, giants and talking horses

Slide 4 - Slide

What is NOT a part of literature in the Age of Reason?
personal emotions
balanced judgement
strict rules
knowledge and wisdom

Slide 5 - Quiz

The Enlightenment movement was in favor of:


Slide 6 - Quiz

The Enlightenment philosophers aimed to bring about progress in the world by:

religious ideas
rational ideas
spontaneous ideas

Slide 7 - Quiz

Gulliver's Travels
The Rape of the Lock
Robinson  Crusoe
Daniel Defoe
Jonathan Swift
Alexander Pope

Slide 8 - Drag question

  • Because of the discrepancy between the idealistic world (everything ruled by reason) and the real world (human emotions and lusts are often dominant) satire, both in prose and poetry, became the most popular genre of the Neoclassical period.

  • Gap between Neoclassical prose and poetry read by the higher circles of society (upper class) and  literature for the middle class: religious works and books with recognisable (middle class) characters and a clear moral at the end. . The outlook of the middle class was moral, practical and down-to-earth

  • The rise of the novel: 
  • e.g. Defoe, Swift, Austen

Slide 9 - Slide

The Romantic Period

Slide 10 - Slide


  • Industrial revolution: brought wealth and prosperity to the country
  • Britain grew from a agricultural nation into an industrialised nation
  • Farmers had to find work in factories in the cities (long hours, miserable working conditions)
  • The gap between rich and poor became wider; wealth wasn’t equally divided -> social unrest
  • The ideals of the French revolution (1789), freedom, equality and the abolition of class distinctions appealed to many, especially young, people all over Europe, including English Romantic poets (e.g. Lord Byron)

Slide 11 - Slide

1798 William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge:
Lyrical Ballads

Poetry of simplicity, both in form and in contents.

In a period of social change and growing unrest people longed for another world.


Slide 12 - Slide

Romantic period
beauty and value of nature
distant and exotic cultures
innocence of children
The supernatural
God as the centre
Scientific knowledge
Clasical influences
courtly love

Slide 13 - Drag question

The Romantic poets - the first generation
  • 1789: publication of Lyrical Ballads  (William Wordsworth & Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
  • Goal: bring poetry within reach of ordinary people
  • Form: simple poems > normal, everyday language
  • Subjects: ordinary country folk and their (highly idealized) pure lives in the country

Slide 14 - Slide

The Romantic poets - the first generation
William Wordsworth (1770 - 1850)
  • Probably England's greatest nature poet
  • Inspired by the Lake District
Famous for:
  • short, lyrical poems
  • I wandered lonely as a cloud
  • We are Seven

Slide 15 - Slide

The Romantic poets - the first generation
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

Famous for his art ballad
  • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner

Slide 16 - Slide

The Romantic poets - the second generation
George, Lord Byron  (1788-1824)
  • Notorious life-style!

Best known for two long narrative poems
  • Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
  • Don Juan

Slide 17 - Slide

The Romantic poets - the second generation
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792 - 1822)
  • Unconventional life
  • Husband of Mary Shelley (author of Frankenstein)

Most famous for:
  • shorter verse - Ozymandias, Ode to the West Wind
  • masterpiece - Adonais (long elegy on the death of John Keats)

Slide 18 - Slide

The Romantic poets - the second generation
John Keats (1795 - 1821)
  • Early death from tuberculosis
  • Neglected during life-time
  • Now one of England's most beloved poets

Famous for:
  • Three famous odes: On a Grecian Urn, To A Nightingale, To Autumn
  • Art ballad: La Belle Dame Sans Merci

Slide 19 - Slide

Early 19th Century Novel
Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832)
  • immensely popular in Britain and abroad
  • "Father of the historical novel"
  • Many books based on Scottish history
  • Most famous work: Ivanhoe (1819)

Slide 20 - Slide

Early 19th Century Novel
Jane Austen (1775 - 1817)
  • Most important novelist of early 19th century
  • "Mother of the romance novel"
  • Elegant + witty studies of young women
  • Focusing on love and common sense
Most important novels:
  • Sense and Sensibilty / Emma /  Persuasion 
  • Pride and Prejudice

Slide 21 - Slide

What are the characteristics of Romantic prose?
departure from reason
focus on nature
element of the supernatural
focus on individual

Slide 22 - Quiz

Wuthering Heights
Pride and Prejudice
Jane Austen
Emily Brontë
Mary Shelley

Slide 23 - Drag question

Slide 24 - Video

Slide 25 - Video