My trial lesson

The Milgram Experiment
Presented by: Rebekah Thomas
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Slide 1: Slide

This lesson contains 11 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

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The Milgram Experiment
Presented by: Rebekah Thomas

Slide 1 - Slide

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Do you believe everyone should obey their authority figure? Why or why not?

Slide 2 - Mind map

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Stanley Milgram
  • 1933-1984
  • Social psychologist at Yale University
  • Studied obedience and created Milgram Experiment in 1961

Slide 3 - Slide

He examined justifications for acts of genocide offered by those accused at the World War II, Nuremberg War Criminal trials. Their defense often was based on "obedience" - that they were just following orders from their superiors. Milgram’s experiments suggested that it was not necessary to invoke “evil” as a concept to explain why so many ordinary people do terrible things. Instead his work, and that of other social psychologists, suggested that much of what we do, we do

Slide 4 - Video

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65% obeyed the experimenter

Slide 5 - Slide

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  • Experimenter called away at beginning - 20% obedience
  • Moved to run down offices instead of Yale - 47.5% obedience
  • Assistant used to shock - 92.5% obedience
  • Forced learner's hand down - 30% obedience
  • Other participants refused to obey - 10% obedience
  • Instructed by telephone - 20.5% obedience

Slide 6 - Slide

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Protection of Participants
Right to Withdrawal
Participants believed they were shocking a real person, and were unaware the learner was a confederate of Milgram's.
Participants were exposed to extremely stressful situations that may have the potential to cause psychological harm.
Participants were given four verbal prods that discouraged withdrawal: 1) Please continue. 2) The experiment requires that you continue. 3) It is absolutely essential that you continue. 4) You have no other choice, you must go on.
Milgram talked to participants after the experiment and disclosed its true nature. He also followed up after a period of time to ensure that they came to no harm.

Slide 7 - Drag question

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Autonomous State
People direct their actions and take responsibility for the results
Agentic State
People allow others to direct their actions and pass responsibility on to the authority

Slide 8 - Slide

1. The person giving the orders is perceived as being qualified to direct other people’s behavior. That is, they are seen as legitimate.
2. The person being ordered about is able to believe that the authority will accept responsibility for what happens.
Agency theory says that people will obey an authority when they believe that the authority will take responsibility for the consequences of their actions. For example, when participants were reminded that they had responsibility for their own actions, almost none of them were prepared to obey. In contrast, many participants who were refusing to go on did so if the experimenter said that he would take responsibility.
 "Evil often occurs simply
because we do not question our acts
enough; instead our rationale arises from
our trust in authority figures who are in
- Thomas Blass

Slide 9 - Slide

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Give an example of a situation where you should not obey an authority figure.

Slide 10 - Open question

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Slide 11 - Slide

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