havo 4 unit 12

unit 12   a great idea
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 30 slides, with text slides.

Items in this lesson

unit 12   a great idea

Slide 1 - Slide

speaking
student A compares the photos 1 and 2 and answers
the question: Why is electricity important in modern life?
1 minute

student B; answers the question: Which electrical appliance couldn't you live without?
timer
1:00

Slide 2 - Slide

speaking
student B compares photos 3 and 4 and answers the 
question; What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method of transport?  1 minute

student A answers the question: Which method of transport do you prefer and why
timer
1:00

Slide 3 - Slide

reading
read the exam advice on  p. 140
Use the advice to do exercise 2

Slide 4 - Slide

wordformation
verb                     noun                    adjective                                adverb
celebrate         celebration       celebratory                                -
fail                       failure                  failed/(un)failing                     -
heat                   heat                      hot                                                 -
freshen            freshness         (un)fresh                                    (un)freshly
vary                    variety                various/ (in)variable              (in)variably
strengthen     strength            strong                                          strongly
destroy             destruction     destructive/destroying       -
industrialise  industry              industrial/industrious        industrially
                            industrialism
                            industrialist
               

Slide 5 - Slide

the passive
Active sentence: the subject of the sentence carries out the action that is described by the verb. 
He reads a book – He is the one who is doing the reading 

Passive sentence: the subject of the sentence undergoes the action that is described by the verb 
A book is read – the book is not the one who is doing the reading, but someone else reads the book.  

Slide 6 - Slide

the passive
The man saw the woman in the park. 

Step one: turn the direct object into the new subject 

The woman …………..  

Slide 7 - Slide

passive
The man saw the woman in the park.

Step two: Find out what the tense of the verb is and replace it with the same tense of to be 

The woman was …………  


Slide 8 - Slide

passive
The man saw the woman in the park. 

Step three: add the past participle of the main verb  T

he woman was seen ………  

Slide 9 - Slide

The man saw the woman in the park. 

Step four: copy the rest of the sentence 

The woman was seen in the park ….  

Slide 10 - Slide

The man saw the woman in the park. 

Step five: write down by and then the original subject 

The woman was seen in the park by the man.  

Slide 11 - Slide

NOTE!
The passive sentence has one more verb than the active sentence because you add to be.

The chef baked an enormous birthdaycake.                      1
An enormous birthday cake was baked by the chef.      2

Slide 12 - Slide

NOTE!
 If the original subject is vague (you, they, people) you can leave out by you, by them, by people.

People do not read newspapers any more.
Newspapers are not read any more by people.

Slide 13 - Slide

NOTE!
If the active sentence has a direct object and an indirect object there are two possible passive sentences

I wrote her a letter. 
A letter was written to her by me   ( note: you need to add to)
She was written a letter by me.

Slide 14 - Slide

NOTE!
You can also use a passive to translate the Dutch men and er

Er werden drie auto’s verkocht 
There were sold three cars WRONGGGGGGGGGG! 
Three cars were sold. RIGHTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT!

Men zegt dat Engels erg gemakkelijk is. 
It is said that English is very easy. 
English is said to be very easy.  

Slide 15 - Slide

NOTE!
questions:  

Werden er drie auto’s verkocht?
active: Did they sell three cars?   ( they = important)
passive: Were three cars sold (by them)?  (three cars = important)

Slide 16 - Slide

how do you translate a passive?
word(t) / worden
am/is/are + past participle
werd / werden
was / were  + past participle
ben / is / zijn
has/have been + past participle
was/  waren
had been + past participle

Slide 17 - Slide

example
Hij wordt verslagen
He is beaten
Hij werd verslagen
He was beaten
Hij is verslagen
He has been beaten
Hij was verslagen
He had been beaten

Slide 18 - Slide

from passive to active
The car has been repaired by the mechanic
1)  Turn the by + original subject back to the subject of the sentence
The mechanic ….

2) Look at the verb to be. What tense is it?  replace it with the same tense of the main verb
The mechanic has repaired …

3) Turn the subject of the passive sentence back to the direct or indirect object.
The mechanic has repaired the car.

4) copy the rest of the sentence. ( if there is one)

Slide 19 - Slide

tenses
Look at magister elo for overview of all the tenses.

Slide 20 - Slide

Turn the following active sentences into passive ones if possible. Write down X if you cannot change the sentence into a passive one.   
01.  The doctor amputated the leg after it had become infected with a flesh eating bacteria.  
02. Henry has eaten all the cupcakes. 
03.  The nurse laid the fragile, premature baby into the incubator very carefully. 
04.  Lily would solve the problem quite quickly.  
05.  At this moment Mr Harris is travelling to France with his pupils. 
06.  Arthur Jones  will have written a research paper by the end of the year. 
07.  I was cleaning my room when my mother called that supper was ready. 
08. The teacher would have given us better marks if we had made fewer mistakes.     

Slide 21 - Slide

Fill in the right passive tense.
 09.  Matthew …. (tell) to come to the police station yesterday by a police constable.  
10.  The race …  never …. (win) by an athlete from North Korea before. 
11.  The man was taken to hospital after he …. (poison) by his wife. 
12.  Last week the houses … ( break) into by a gang of burglars.  
13.  This test … (make) tomorrow by class H4E.   
14.  Look! The windows … (washed) right now! 
15.  The results of the tests … (describe) in the scientist’s article.   

Slide 22 - Slide

key
01.  The doctor amputated the leg after it had become infected with a flesh eating bacteria.  
       The leg was amputated by the doctor after it had become infected with a flesh eating                         bacteria.     . 
02. Henry has eaten all the cupcakes. 
       All the cupcakes have been eaten by Henry 
03.  The nurse laid the fragile, premature baby into the incubator very carefully. 
        The fragile, premature baby was laid into the incubator very carefully by the nurse 
04.  Lily would solve the problem quite quickly.  
        The problem would be solved quite quickly by Lilly.  

Slide 23 - Slide

key
05. At this moment Mr Harris is travelling to France with his pupils. 
06.  Arthur Jones  will have written a research paper by the end of the year. 
A research paper will have been written by the end of the year by Arthur Jones. 
07.  I was cleaning my room when my mother called that supper was ready. 
My room was being cleaned by me when my mother called that supper was ready. 
08. The teacher would have given us better marks if we had made fewer mistakes.  
We would have been given better marks by the teacher if we had made fewer mistakes. 
Better marks would have been given to us by the teacher if we had made fewer mistakes.  

Slide 24 - Slide

key
09.  Matthew was told…. (tell) to come to the police station yesterday by a police constable.  
10.  The race had never been won. .... (win) by an athlete from North Korea before. 
11.  The man was taken to hospital after he …had been poisoned. (poison) by his wife. 
12.  Last week the houses were broken… ( break) into by a gang of burglars.  
13.  This test will be made … (make) tomorrow by class H4E.  
14.  Look! The windows are being washed… (washed) right now! 
15.  The results of the tests are described… (describe) in the scientist’s article.   

Slide 25 - Slide

Fill in the right passive tense
 01. The windows … (always clean) on Thursday by my father. 
02. The window … ( just clean) when Bobby kicked a ball through it.  
03. The windows … (clean) at the moment so you cannot open them. 
04. The windows … (clean) yesterday afternoon. 
05. The windows … (clean) sometime next month. 
06. The windows … (just clean); they are shining very much.
07. The windows … (clean) when Jimmy came home. 
08.  The windows of that skyscraper … (not clean): it is too high for the window washers to reach.  

Slide 26 - Slide

Make passive sentences
 01. The man bought a new house last month. 
02. The woman usually buys oranges at the market but today she is buying them at the supermarket. 
03. The child has bought some sweets. 
04. The secretary is buying some pencils on Internet at the moment. 
05. The teacher had bought some small gifts for the best performing pupils. 
06. Nobody was buying the products so the company went bust. 
07. Fred cannot buy such an expensive house because he does not earn a lot of money. 
08. Hans bought Mary some flowers for Valentine’s day but she threw them away because she is allergic to flowers.  

Slide 27 - Slide

key
01. The windows … (always clean) on Thursday by my father. are always cleaned 
02. The window … ( just clean) when Bobby kicked a ball through it.  had just been cleaned 
03. The windows … (clean) at the moment so you cannot open them. are being cleaned 
04. The windows … (clean) yesterday afternoon. were cleaned 
05. The windows … (clean) sometime next month. will be cleaned 
06. The windows … (just clean); they are shining very much. have just been cleaned 
07. The windows … (clean) when Jimmy came home. were being cleaned 
08.  The windows of that skyscraper … (not clean): it is too high for the window washers to reach. cannot be cleaned  

Slide 28 - Slide

key
09. The man bought a new house last month. 
A new house was bought last month by the man. 
10. The woman usually buys oranges at the market but today she is buying them at the supermarket. 
Oranges are usually bought at the market by the woman but today she is buying them at the supermarket. 
11. The child has bought some sweets. 
Some sweets have been bought by the child. 
12. The secretary is buying some pencils on Internet at the moment. 
Some pencils are being bought on the Internet at the moment by the secretary.
  13. The teacher had bought some small gifts for the best performing pupils. 
Some small gifts had been bought for the best performing pupils by the teacher. 
14. Nobody was buying the products so the company went bust. 
The products were not being bought (by anybody) so the company went bust. 

Slide 29 - Slide

key
15. Fred cannot buy such an expensive house because he does not earn a lot of money. 
Such an expensive house cannot be bought by Fred because he does not earn a lot of money.    16. Hans bought Mary some flowers for Valentine’s day but she threw them away because she is allergic to flowers. 
• Mary was bought some flowers for Valentine;s day by Hans but she thre them away because she is allergic to flowers.
  • Some flowers were bought for Mary for Valentine’s day by Hans but she threw them away because she is allergic to flowers.    

Slide 30 - Slide