2.5 The Dawn of Rome -TEACH-

AGE 2. The Time of Greeks and Romans
2.5 The Dawn of Rome

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Slide 1: Slide
HistoryMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 39 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

AGE 2. The Time of Greeks and Romans
2.5 The Dawn of Rome

Slide 1 - Slide

New page in your notebook: write down:
2.5 the dawn of Rome.
Stick the map in your notebook and draw the Roman Empire in it.
Write underneath the map: Roman Empire, 116 AD

stick the overview
Roman administration
under the map

Slide 2 - Slide

The Roman Empire stretched out around the Mediterranean Sea. What 3 continents was the empire located on?

Slide 3 - Mind map

Alexander's empire was split up after his death

Slide 4 - Slide

Slide 5 - Video

Romulus and Remus

Slide 6 - Slide

Rhea Silvia         king Numitor           Amulius

Slide 7 - Slide

king Amulius

Slide 8 - Slide

Romulus and Remus

Slide 9 - Slide

thrown in the river Tiber

Slide 10 - Slide

Slide 11 - Slide

shepherd Faustulus

Slide 12 - Slide

they kill Amulius

Slide 13 - Slide

they make their grandfather king again

Slide 14 - Slide

Palatine hill
Aventine hill

Slide 15 - Slide

Slide 16 - Slide

Romulus = first king of Rome

Slide 17 - Slide

Why do you think the wolf is one of Rome’s important symbols?
Romulus and Remus were nursed by a she-wolf, so there is a strong connection to wolves.
The wolf is the symbol of the goddess Roma from which the name Rome is derived.
Wolves were seen as strong, and intelligent, just like the Romans wanted to be
Romulus and Remus both had a wolf cub as a pet.

Slide 18 - Quiz

According to the myth, who was the father of Romulus and Remus?
Alexander the Great
king Numitor
the god Mars

Slide 19 - Quiz

The story of Romulus and Remus is and example of:
historical science
a creation narrative
a Greek myth
Roman religion

Slide 20 - Quiz

Slide 21 - Slide

Slide 22 - Video

Why do we refer to the Roman culture as the
Greek-Roman culture?

1 answer per group

Slide 23 - Open question

What you can explain /  do after this lesson
  •  who the founders of Rome were
  • how Rome changed from a monarchy into a republic
  • How the republic was ruled
  • what plebeians and patricians were.

Slide 24 - Slide

The legend of Romulus and Remus                                                            Read, or listen            or both.......

There was once a pair of twin brothers called Romulus and Remus. Their mother was Rhea Silvia, the daughter of King Numitor, and their father was Mars, the God of War.
King Numitor had a brother, Amulius, who wanted to be king so much that he took the throne for himself. He was so desperate to keep his position as king that he had tried to stop Rhea Silvia from having any children of her own because they might try to take back the throne.
When Romulus and Remus were born to Rhea Silvia, Amulius was shocked and very angry. In his rage, he put the twin boys into a basket and threw them into the river Tiber. He wanted nothing more to do with them.
After the two boys had floated down the river in their basket, they were rescued by a mother wolf. She cared for the boys as if they were her own wolf babies and she fed them with her own milk.
Once Romulus and Remus got bigger, they were taken home by a shepherd called Faustulus. He and his wife looked after them in his home until they were adults. One day, Romulus and Remus discovered who they really were and made a plan to kill Amulius and reclaim the throne for their own family.
Once they had carried out their plan and made their grandfather king instead, they decided to build a city of their own. They disagreed about where to build it. Romulus thought that they should build it on the Palatine Hill, but Remus wanted to use the Aventine Hill. They each began to build their own walled city.
One day, Remus paid Romulus a visit. Remus mocked Romulus’s city and its low walls. Romulus became so infuriated that he killed Remus instantly, declaring that he would kill any person who ever made fun of his city, which he called Rome. He continued to build up his city and officially made himself king in 753 BC.



Slide 25 - Slide

Slide 26 - Slide

The Republic of Rome was often shown in Latin as the abbreviation SPQR (Senatus Populusque Romanorum – the senate and people of Rome) as was shown on the military standards.
the assembly of the senate in Rome. The senators, dressed in white togas with a purple edge,  discuss the politics of the republic. 

Slide 27 - Slide

Politics of the Republic (2)
The plebeians were not happy that they could not become senators themselves.
They threatened to leave the city. Without the work of the plebeians the city could not function.
This helped. The patricians gave the plebeians some power. Each year they could elect two Tribunes. Tribunes were representatives of the plebeians. They made sure that the consuls not only made decisions that were good for patricians, but also for the plebeians.
The tribunes had one very strong power; the power of veto.
Veto means “I forbid”. With this power the tribunes could stop any decision made by the consuls.

See a graphic overview of Republic Politics here

the senators are discussing a new law that the consuls want to install
a tribune of the plebeians wants to use his veto to stop the new law of the consuls
the two consuls listen to the tribune who wants to stop their new new law
these are two "lictores", bodyguards of the consuls
The senate during the Roman Republic

Slide 28 - Slide

Now make a note in your notebook.

  • Rome started as a city-state in 753 BC (8th century BC).
  • At first Rome was a monarchy: it was ruled by a king (= a monarch).
  • In 509 BC Rome became a Republic. A Republic is a country without a monarch.
  • A republic can have different types of government: it can be a democracy, aristocracy or a tyranny / dictatorship.
  • The Roman republic was ruled by the Senate. Only patricians could be members of the senate. 
  • So the Roman Republic was not a democracy like Athens . It was more an aristocracy, because power was in the hands of a small group of rich patricians: the senators.

Slide 29 - Slide

Political systems are very complicated. And they can change over time. 300 years ago, a king had more power than a king today. This is a simplified overview of the most used political systems 

Slide 30 - Slide

absolute monarchy
constitutional monarchy
republic: democracy
republic: aristocracy / 
republic: dictatorship / 
Start Task:  This may be a challenge. You may need to ask an adult to identify several political people from the past and present... Good luck.

Slide 31 - Drag question

11. With the end of the monarchy, the Roman king was replaced by 2 consuls.

Why 2 instead of one?
to prevent one man from becoming a tyrant
to make sure they knew how to work together with a partner
it was too much work for just one man
the statement is wrong. The republic had only 1 consul.

Slide 32 - Quiz

12. Which of these 2 statements is correct?

I. the Roman Republic was ruled by a king who was NOT a tyrant
II. Two consuls checked each other so none of them could be a tyrant
both are correct
both are incorrect
only I is correct
only II is correct

Slide 33 - Quiz

When the geese saved Rome (part 1)

There is a legend that in the year 387 BC the Gauls (or Celts) crossed the Alps and entered the Italy. They came searching for new land for their people and of course the wealth of the fertile north of Italy.
The Gauls heard about the power and wealth of Rome and so they wanted it for themselves. The Romans were warned of the advance of these barbarians from the north and went out to do battle. The Gauls were more terrible than the Romans could have imagined. Many of them fought naked and their bodies were painted and tattooed with strange designs. Their battle cries were horrifying. Their weapons were wicked and they wielded them with an ease that no Roman could match. The Roman soldiers, every one, turned tail and ran back through the city gates, leaving the gates wide open in their panic. They entrenched themselves on the Capitoline Hill.
At length the Gauls decided the Romans really were cowards and they entered the city, sacking, looting, and burning as they went. But they could not breech the high walls of the Capitoline Hill.
‘The Celts lived north of Italy. The Romans called them Gauls (Galliërs)

Slide 34 - Slide

When the geese saved Rome (part 2)

Then one night one of the Gaulish spies said he had found a way. They could climb up the back of the hill, up a steep cliff by means of handholds. If they climbed the hill quietly they could gather a strong enough force to battle their way to the gate and let their fellows in.
Now, the Capitoline Hill was the site of the temple of Juno. Since geese were sacred to Juno, the priests kept a flock of geese on the hill. It is lucky that they did for on the night the Gauls decided to scale the back of the Capitoline the sentries had fallen asleep on duty and the dogs were silently snoring. But the geese heard the invaders as they climbed the hill and they sent up such a cackling and honking and flapping of wings that captain Marcus Manlius woke abruptly, grabbed up his sword, and rushed out to the wall, calling his men as he ran. He was first to the wall, but others soon appeared at his right and at his left. They threw the Gauls back from the cliff.
The siege continued on for a few more weeks but the Gauls grew bored and decided to make a treaty. The Romans were able to buy peace at a great cost. But Rome endured and one day grew to be a great empire.

‘Celtic warriors, climbing the Capitoline hill, where the Romans were hiding
The Roman leaders negotiated with the Celtic leader Brennus for the price Rome would pay for the Gauls to leave. They decided on 1000 pounds of gold. But the Gauls used cheater weights that were heavier than standard. When the Romans complained,  Brennus said” Vae Victus”, "woe to the vanquished", and threw his sword onto the scale as well.

Slide 35 - Slide

13a. Which of these 2 statements is correct?

I. The Celts were the same as the Gauls.
II. before they entered Italy in 387 BC, the Celts lived north of the Alps.
both are correct
both are incorrect
only I is correct
only II is correct

Slide 36 - Quiz

13b. Which of these 2 statements is correct?

I. Brennus spoke the words "Vae Victis" because the geese had saved the Romans
II. The geese belonged to the temple of the goddess Juno.
both are correct
both are incorrect
only I is correct
only II is correct

Slide 37 - Quiz

Write down one question about something from this lesson that you find difficult.

Slide 38 - Open question


Slide 39 - Slide