The first war with Carthage was fought over the island of Sicily, because it was in a strategic location. After many years of bloodshed, Rome turned out to be strongest. But Carthage recovered and started a second war. Their brilliant general Hannibal surprised the Romans. Coming from Spain, he led his large army - including sixty war elephants – over dangerous mountains into Italy. Hannibal won several battles. Of course, the Romans were worried that Hannibal would attack the city of Rome. So they decided not to fight Hannibal in Italy, but to attack Carthage. Therefore Hannibal was forced to return home to help his city. At Carthage the Roman army defeated Hannibal.
Then, even a third war broke out. As before, Rome was too strong. Carthage fell and this time the Romans had no mercy: they destroyed the city completely. They even put salt on its fields, so nothing could ever grow there again. Carthage would never recover. Rome was now the only superpower in the region.