Adjectives and adverbs!

Adjectives & Adverbs
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 31 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 30 min

Items in this lesson

Adjectives & Adverbs

Slide 1 - Slide

Adjectives and adverbs
What is the difference between an adjective (bijvoeglijk naamwoord) and an adverb (bijwoord)?

Ellen is beautiful
Ellen sings beautifully

Daan is a good piano player
Daan plays the piano well

Slide 2 - Slide

An adjective describes someone or something
It says something about a noun (zelfstandig naamwoord)

The cat is very fat
The bicycle is red
Mike is a good student

Says something about what a person/thing is

Slide 3 - Slide

Je kunt de vraag stellen: ‘wat voor…?’

Het uitzicht was prachtig    (wat voor uitzicht was het?)    the view was wonderful

Het zijn goede muzikanten (wat voor muzikanten zijn het?) They are good musicians

Slide 4 - Slide

Bijvoeglijke naamwoorden met een getal schrijf je met streepjes ertussen

An eight-year-old boy
A 30-minute walk
A seven-week holiday

Slide 5 - Slide

Adverbs say something about words other than nouns (verb, adjective, another adverb, a phrase or sentence)
An adverb describes how/in what way something happens
It often says something about a verb

My brother smiles happily
The dog barks loudly
Jane works quickly

Slide 6 - Slide

Je kunt de vraag stellen: ‘Hoe …?’

We speelden niet slecht (hoe speelden jullie?) we didn’t play badly

Karin had alles perfect georganiseerd (hoe had Karin alles georganiseerd?) Karin had organised everything perfectly

Slide 7 - Slide

Adverbs can say something about adjectives

Frank is an extremely good singer
My brother is an awfully careful driver
It’s an absolutely perfect video clip

Slide 8 - Slide

Adverbs can say something about other adverbs

Frank sings absolutely beautifully
My brother drives very carefully
That clip was filmed extremely well

Slide 9 - Slide

Adverbs can say something about a phrase or sentence

Surely, that was a mistake
Fortunately, I had been able to reach him

Slide 10 - Slide

How to form an adverb
Put -ly after the adjective
  • Sure – surely, beautiful – beautifully

Sometimes the spelling changes:
y -> ily            easy – easily
le -> ly            probable– probably

Watch out: The adverb of 'good' is 'well'

Slide 11 - Slide

Adjectives & Adverbs
My brother is a careful driver
It’s a perfect video clip
David is a quick writer

My brother drives carefully
The video clip was filmed perfectly
David writes quickly

Slide 12 - Slide

Adjectives & Adverbs
Does it say something about a noun? Then it's an adjective.

Does it say something about any other type of word? Then it's an adverb.

Slide 13 - Slide

Let's practice
For the next couple of questions, select whether the *word* between the asterisk is an adjective or adverb

Slide 14 - Slide

She is a *wonderful* person


Slide 15 - Quiz

I have a *fantastic* brother

Slide 16 - Quiz

Steven learns very *quickly*


Slide 17 - Quiz

Those were some *easy* questions

Slide 18 - Quiz

Mark sings *well*

Slide 19 - Quiz

My new bicycle is *extremely* beautiful

Slide 20 - Quiz

Confusing adjectives & adverbs
Watch out: friendly, silly, lovely, unlikely are adjectives, not adverbs!

If you want to use them as adverbs, you need to use 'way' or 'manner'
  • He spoke in a very friendly way
  • They acted in a silly manner

Slide 21 - Slide

Confusing adjectives & adverbs
Difficult and impossible don't have adverbs, so you need to rephrase

That boy speaks with great difficulty
I can’t possibly visit you next week

Slide 22 - Slide

Confusing adjectives & adverbs
Words can be both adverbs and adjectives
This counts for words ending in –ly: daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, early
  • It’s a daily paper            It comes out daily
  • We took an early bus        We got up early

It also counts for: high, low, far, fast, wrong, strange

Slide 23 - Slide

Confusing adjectives & adverbs
Adjectives and their adverbs can have different meanings

Short – shortly
Hard – hardly
High – highly
Late – lately

Slide 24 - Slide

Confusing adjectives & adverbs
Na werkwoorden die een zintuiglijke waarneming uitdrukken, zoals taste, look, feel, smell, sound komt er een adjective, geen adverb

Your chocolates tasted very good
She looked bad

Slide 25 - Slide

Let's practice!
Fill in the correct form of the word in brackets

Slide 26 - Slide

You didn't do your work ____ (correct).

Slide 27 - Open question

That engine is very ____ (noisy).

Slide 28 - Open question

Sorry! I acted ____ (stupid).

Slide 29 - Open question

That cake is decorated ____ (extreme) beautifully.

Slide 30 - Open question

Tim is a very ____ (hard) worker.

Slide 31 - Open question