intro Jane Eyre

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
Victorian Age 1830 - 1900
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EngelsMiddelbare school

This lesson contains 15 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 1 video.

Items in this lesson

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte
Victorian Age 1830 - 1900

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Victorian Era

Slide 2 - Mind map

The Victorian Age (1)
  • Started around 1830 ended in early 20th century
  • Named after Queen Victoria (1837 - 1901)
  • Britain: great economic and political power
  • "The empire on which the sun never set"

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The Victorian Age (2)
  • Sense of moral superiority (white man's burden)
  • From  1830s: Laws aimed at reform (Reform Bills, Poor Laws, educational laws)
  • Yet: period of great social inequality
  • rich vs poor ("the two nations")
  • men vs women ("Victorian double standard")

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Position of women in Victorian Times
*Poor women had to work

*Bad living conditions

* no rights to vote, husband was the boss
Difference between the classes:
*Rich women were supposed to be "the Angel of the House"
*Well-furnished houses & enough food, servants
* no rights to vote, husband decided on everything

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Victorian literature - Poetry
  • A continuation of the Romantic period
  • Themes: nature  / the past / the human spirit

  • Important poets:
  1. Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809 - 1892)
  2. Robert Browning (1812 - 1889)

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Victorian literature - the novel
  • The age of the novel
  • Growing audience for "true stories"
  • Greater wealth (rise of the middle classes)
  • Better education (rise in literacy)
  • Instalment system (novels published in serial form)

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Important authors
  • Charles Dickens
  • The Brontë Sisters
  • George Eliot
  • Thomas Hardy
  • Jane Austen 

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A Bildungsroman is a literary term describing a formative novel about a protagonist’s psychological and moral growth from their youth into adulthood. Bildungsroman novels are generally written in the first-person and often feature the name of the protagonist directly in the title, such as Emma, Jane Eyre, and David Copperfield.
The Bildungsroman literary genre originated in Germany. The German word “bildung” means education” and the German word “roman” means “novel.” Thus, “Bildungsroman” translates to “a novel of education” or “a novel of formation.”

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Gothic novel
The adjective gothic describes something that is characterized by mystery, horror, and gloom — especially in literature. Gothic literature combines the genres of romance and horror. Some famous writers of Gothic fiction include Charlotte Bronte, Mary Shelley and Edgar Allan Poe.

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Slide 14 - Video

When reading the book, look out for information about:
- is this a Gothic novel?
- what does the chestnut tree symbolize?
- the role (s) of fire in the book
- the role of dreams in the book
- Why is this a typical Victorian book?

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