# TTO1 - Chapter 4 - Building Blocks

Planning - Lesson Today
activating prior knowledge - mindmap + extension
elements from periodic system
homework
demo (if time left)

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Slide 1: Slide
ScienceMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 41 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Lesson duration is: 45 min

## Items in this lesson

Planning - Lesson Today
activating prior knowledge - mindmap + extension
elements from periodic system
homework
demo (if time left)

#### Slide 1 -Slide

Work in pairs or alone
Speak English
Group the concepts
Give each group a name
Discuss in English
Extension
Go through the study planner and make 3 lists:
2. I know this a bit - I'd like to know more
3. I don't know this yet
"Building Blocks"
What do think of?
5 concepts

#### Slide 2 -Mind map

Which elements from the period system do you know already?

#### Slide 3 -Mind map

Homework
Study elements handout gases
Read page 101, 102, 103 about the composition of air. (to get an idea of applications)
Bring 2 pieces of thick paper size A4 or one larger piece, a 30 cm ruler, coloured pens and scissors. (we are going to learn how to study elements)

#### Slide 4 -Slide

Make flash cards for the elements
Take a piece of thick paper or think cardboard.
Make cards of 4 x 4 cm.
On the one side you write the symbol.
On the other side you write the name in English at the top and in Dutch at the bottom. Work as neatly as possible.

#### Slide 5 -Slide

Planning - Lesson Today
Elements
States of matter

#### Slide 6 -Slide

What is the symbol of Argon?

#### Slide 7 -Open question

What is the symbol of Stikstof?

#### Slide 8 -Open question

What is the Dutch name of Hydrogen?

#### Slide 9 -Open question

What is the element with the symbol Ne?

#### Slide 10 -Open question

Elements Study Tips
Start a symbol with a capital letter to distinguish a new element.
Example: CO = carbon monoxide; Co = cobalt
Study the elements with one letter separately from the ones with two letters.
Eg. C = carbon, Ca = calcium
Place confusing elements/symbols in a separate list.
Eg. N = nitrogen / stikstof; S = sulphur / zwavel
Eg. Au, Ag, Ar, Al, Si

#### Slide 11 -Slide

Try to find out questions
1. make sure to know what all words mean
2. find a knowledgeable person in your network (inc. yourself)
3. look up keywords on internet

#### Slide 12 -Slide

Extra notes on states of matter
Whipped cream = foam = mixture of liquid (cream) and gas (nitrous oxide or air). See also page 57.

#### Slide 13 -Slide

If you have a question about the homework write it here.

#### Slide 14 -Open question

Homework
Study elements handout gases, metals in mobiles and other precious metals.

Read page 32 (no questions), 33, 34, answer questions and check them in Magister

#### Slide 15 -Slide

What is the symbol of Iron/ijzer?

#### Slide 16 -Open question

What is the symbol of Silver?

#### Slide 17 -Open question

What is the English name of Silicium?

#### Slide 18 -Open question

What is the element with the symbol Al?

#### Slide 19 -Open question

How can you recognise a metal?
Which physical properties typify a metal?

#### Slide 20 -Mind map

Properties metals
Good electrical conductors and heat conductors.
Malleable = can be beaten into thin sheets.
Ductile = can be stretched into wire.
Possess metallic luster = shiny when polished
Opaque (not transparant) as thin sheet.
Solid at room temperature (except Hg).

#### Slide 21 -Slide

Homework

Study elements handout gases, metals in mobiles and other precious metals, heavy metals/ metals in batteries.

#### Slide 22 -Slide

Today we will learn ...
... what the properties are of the different states of matter.
... what happens during phase changes = state changes.

How? Using 3 games played in groups of 3.
Time? 15 minutes task 1 & 2; 15 min task 3 = 30 min total.
Need help with the content? Use p. 33, 34, 38 and 49 from your book.
Need help with the game? Ask class mates or the teacher.
When you are done? Write down in your notebook what you have learnt.
timer
15:00
timer
15:00

#### Slide 23 -Slide

Homework
Read page 35, 36 (last time), 37, 38 and 49, (this time)
answer questions and check them in Magister.
Study elements handout gases, metals in mobiles and other precious metals, heavy metals/ metals in batteries, elements in the body.

#### Slide 24 -Slide

Today
vapour
fluid
powder
fluidised coal
diffusion and effusion

#### Slide 25 -Slide

A vapour has all the properties (eigenschappen) of a ...
A
solid
B
liquid
C
gas
D
I don't know

#### Slide 26 -Quiz

A vapour ...
... doesn't keep its shape.
... takes the volume of the container it is in.
... can flow.

Sugar is a ...
A
fluid
B
crushed up solid
C
vapour
D
I don't know

#### Slide 28 -Quiz

Sugar and fluidised coal

#### Slide 29 -Slide

Why do solids keep their shapes?
Use the words you just dragged.
gas
liquid
solid
close together
changing places
tightly held together
far apart

#### Slide 30 -Drag question

Diffusion and Effusion
Diffusion = the way gases and liquids spread out to occupy all the available space moving from high concentration to low concentration.

Effusion = the way gases and soluble particles move through small holes due to their small size.

#### Slide 31 -Slide

Molecules move through a substance.
In which state of matter should the substance be
for the molecules to move fastest.
Why?
A
Gas
B
Liquid
C
Solid
D
I don't know

#### Slide 32 -Quiz

With which topic do you still need help?

#### Slide 33 -Open question

Homework
answer questions and check them in Magister.
Study elements handout gases, metals in mobiles and other precious metals, heavy metals/ metals in batteries, elements in the body, halogens.

A

#### Slide 35 -Quiz

Assignment Demo
Make a drawing of the demo setups.

Zoom in on the molecules (iodine and water).
Draw them as little balls in the different phases.
Show clearly how the molecules are arranged.

#### Slide 36 -Slide

Which phases do you find where?
water (s)
water (l)
iodine (s)
iodine (s)
iodine (g)

#### Slide 37 -Slide

Homework
answer questions and check them in Magister.
Study all elements on the handout.

#### Slide 38 -Slide

Did you grasp (understand) all the subject matter of the lesson?
With which topic do you still need help?
What did you like about today's lesson?
What didn't you like about today's lesson?

#### Slide 39 -Slide

Which of the following topics
can be identified in the experiment the teacher is showing?

#### Slide 40 -Open question

Planning - Lesson Today
page 106 - discuss answers in pairs: always refer to
page 44 + 45 - Questions?
Worksheet - elements, compounds and mixtures.
page 46 + 47 - homework