Literature lesson 1 - introduction and the early Middle Ages

Welcome to Literature class
Domein E: literatuur
Subdomein E2: Literaire begrippen
De kandidaat kan literaire teksstoorten herkennen en onderscheiden, en literaire begrippen hanteren in de interpretatie van literaire teksten.

Subdomein E3: Literatuurgeschiedenis
De kandidaat kan een overzicht geven van de hoofdlijnen van de literatuurgeschiedenis en de gelezen literaire werken plaatsen in dit historisch perspectief.



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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 6

This lesson contains 18 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Welcome to Literature class
Domein E: literatuur
Subdomein E2: Literaire begrippen
De kandidaat kan literaire teksstoorten herkennen en onderscheiden, en literaire begrippen hanteren in de interpretatie van literaire teksten.

Subdomein E3: Literatuurgeschiedenis
De kandidaat kan een overzicht geven van de hoofdlijnen van de literatuurgeschiedenis en de gelezen literaire werken plaatsen in dit historisch perspectief.



Slide 1 - Slide

How to study?
  • Listen actively, so take notes
  • Understand, deal with the specific years later
  • Make (digital) flash cards

Slide 2 - Slide

The Early Middle Ages
(450 - 1066)
The Roman Britain

Middle Ages?

Slide 3 - Slide

Glossary
- Angles, Saxons and Jutes – the Germanic peoples who migrated from continental Europe and settled, initially in the south and east of the island, from the 5th century.

- Anglo-Saxons – the collective term for the Germanic settlers, first coined in the late 8th century. It came into general use in the 10th century.

- Vikings – the invaders from Scandinavia who between the 8th and 11th centuries raided much of western Europe, including the British Isles.

- Danes – the Vikings who mounted a full-scale invasion in the 860s and then settled across much of what is now northern and eastern England.

- English – refers both to the Anglo-Saxons (the first people to call themselves ‘English’ or ‘Angli’) and later to all settlers in England, including Danes, particularly after the emergence of a unified kingdom of England in the 10th century.

Slide 4 - Slide

Timeline
55 B.C. Julius Caesar's first invasion of Britain
5. A.D. Rome acknowledges Cymbeline king of Britain
75 - 77 A.D. Rome's conquest of Britain is complete
122 A.D. Construction of Hadrian's Wall on the northern frontier
360's Series of attacks on Britain from the North
407 A.D. Constantine III named emperor by Roman troops in Britain
408 A.D. Devastating attacks by the Picts, Scots and Saxons
409 A.D. Britons expel Roman officials and fight for themselves
410 A.D. Britain in independent

Slide 5 - Slide

From Roman rule to
Anglo-Saxon kingdoms

  • From 55 BC to about 450 AD under Roman rule
  • 450 AD: Roman left Britain to defend empire on continent
  • Attacks by Scots, Irish, Angles, Saxons and Jutes
  • Anglo-Saxon community was born; many kingdoms within Britain



Slide 6 - Slide

Slide 7 - Video

Slide 8 - Slide

  • Kings were surrounded  by young warriors and   rewarded them for their loyalty
  • Central meeting point: Mead hall, to eat, drink and listen to stories and poems.

Slide 9 - Slide

Converting the heathen Anglo-Saxons to Christianity

Slide 10 - Slide

Latin literature by Christian monks,
illuminated manuscripts

Slide 11 - Slide

Important literature from this time
  1. The Ecclesiastical History of the Anglo-Saxon People, Bede
  2. Beowulf
  3. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (illustration)

Slide 12 - Slide

King Alfred of Wessex
Alfred the Great (849 - 899), king of Wessex. He prevented England from falling to the Danes and promoted learning and literacy. Compilation of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle began during his reign, circa 890.

Slide 13 - Slide

Old English
Some Old English (of Latin origin) that have survived into modern English:  belt, butter, chalk, chest, cup, fan, fork, mile, minster, mint, monk, pepper, school, sock, strop, wine.

Thunder comes from heat and from moisture. The air draws the moisture to it from below and the heat from above.

‘Ðunor cymð of hætan & of wætan. Seo lyft tyhð þone wætan to hire neoðan & ða hætan ufan.’


Slide 14 - Slide

Let's hear Old English

Slide 15 - Slide

Have you heard of Sutton Hoo before?
😒🙁😐🙂😃

Slide 16 - Poll

Slide 17 - Video

Do not forget to...
  • read the sections on early middle ages and Sutton Hoo again 

Slide 18 - Slide