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Literary periods: dates to remember

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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 6

This lesson contains 37 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

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Literary periods: dates to remember


Slide 1 - Slide

It has an oral origin and was written down much later. 
That's why:
-it has so many details 
                  *everyone invented a few more
                  *people already knew the outcome, the way of telling
                    was important
-it contains both pagan and Christian elements

Slide 2 - Slide

Life-changing event
1066: Invasion of England from Normandy

before 1066: Old English period 
                           (language: Old English or Anglo-Saxon)
after 1066:     Middle English period 
                           (language: French (nobility), English (the people), 
                           Latin (clergy), later it became Middle English.

Slide 3 - Slide

The Pardoner's Tale:
Study the pictures and the text on pp 10, 11
Then watch the youtube film of The Pardoner's Tale

Slide 4 - Slide

Poetry often has rhyme and rhythm.
What 'rhyme' does Beowulf have?

Slide 5 - Open question

What 'rhythm' does Beowulf have?

Slide 6 - Open question

Look on page 10. What rhyme do the Canterbury tales have?

Slide 7 - Open question

What rhythm do the Canterbury Tales have?

Slide 8 - Open question


14 lines of 10 syllables (5 iambs)

Often serves a s a summary
Embracing rhyme     Alternate rhyme

Slide 9 - Slide

From: "Amoretti"

Slide 10 - Slide

Slide 11 - Slide

'O Romeo, Romeo! wherefore art thou Romeo?'
What does Juliet mean?

Slide 12 - Open question

Watch these scenes from 'Shakespeare in Love'
In the film Shakespeare in Love the male actor playing Juliet wasn’t able to play at the very last moment: his voice had just broken. A woman who had been present during the rehearsals (disguised as a boy) offers to be Juliet during the debut performance – which is forbidden, no women on the stage!

1 Note what the Elizabethan theatre looked like.
2 In the prologue the bad outcome is already disclosed

Slide 13 - Slide

Tragic end
-Juliet had taken a potion which would make her seem dead for
  42 hours to avoid marriage
-She had sent a message to Romeo to tell him about this, but
  the message didn't reach him
-Romeo thinks Julia is really dead ...

Slide 14 - Slide

The plot of Romeo and Juliet 
Read the statements about Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet. Some are true and others are false. 

Slide 15 - Slide

Beyond - science / concrete things
  1. A careful balance between reason and emotion
  2. A surprising image or idea is presented in the opening lines to immediately grab the reader's attention.
  3. The poems interweave lofty, educated language with rather coarse English
  4. The poems reproduce the rhythm of spoken English, with unexpected breaks and changes of tempo (changes in metre)
  5. Extensive use is made of conceits --> 

Slide 16 - Slide

A conceit is a metaphor. 
-Very often two unlikely things are compared.
-The metaphor is extended (= longer and more complex than usual)
-Quite often it contains a scientific element

Example: two lovers are compared to two hemispheres forming one perfect and complete world.

Slide 17 - Slide

Love III
This is an example of the type of questions you'll get at your test: you will get a new poem that you will analyse.

Answers in 'jaarbijlagen'.

Slide 18 - Slide

The Eighteenth Century
  • Britain: becomes the world's leading economic power

  • Wealth based on colonies and trade
  • Tea, silks and spices (India)

Slide 19 - Slide


  • Age of Reason
  • Rational + balanced judgement, based on knowledge,  wisdom and common sense
  • Not hindered by personal emotions!
  • Literature had to stick to strict rules

Slide 20 - Slide

  • Gap between Neoclassical prose and poetry read by the upper class and 
  • literature for the middle class: religious works and novels with recognizable (middle class) characters and a clear moral at the end.   
  • Poet: Alexander Pope,
    'The Rape of the Lock'

  • Novelists:
    Daniel Defoe
    Robinson Crusoe
     Jonathan Swift
    Gulliver's Travels 

Slide 21 - Slide

Rise of the novel
-Printing press
-Middle Class
-Travel stories
-Fictional travel stories

Slide 22 - Slide

Why is Robinson Crusoe a typical product of the 18th century?
because it is a realistic novel
Because it is about a religious development
Because it is about slavery and global trade
because it deals with rational thought

Slide 23 - Quiz

How do you call words like: a good estate, whence, nay, regiment of foot, viz?

Slide 24 - Open question

Whose real-life adventure was the inspiration for Robinson Crusoe?

Slide 25 - Open question

Industrial revolution

Slide 26 - Slide

Romanticism as a reaction
- Urbanisation
- Reason & science
-Exploitation (French Revolution 1789)

Slide 27 - Slide

Comparison Enlightenment - Romanticism

Slide 28 - Slide

.   Poetic language                  .   Natural language

Slide 29 - Slide

Slide 30 - Slide

Most important characteristic:

The poet as a philosopher, teaching you how to live.

Slide 31 - Slide

'The Lamb' was one of the poems in the booklet called:

Slide 32 - Open question

Position of women in Victorian Times
*Poor women had to work

*Bad living conditions

* no rights to vote, husband was the boss
Difference between the classes:
*Rich women were supposed to be "the Angel of the House"
*Well-furnished houses & enough food, servants
* no rights to vote, husband decided on everything

Slide 33 - Slide

Rich children

  • raised by a nanny & spoiled 
  • hardly any contact with their parents
  • not allowed to eat at the same table
  • educated
  • needed to marry a person from the same class

Slide 34 - Slide

Who was Charles Darwin?

Slide 35 - Mind map

Special for Dickens' novels 
  • serialized stories in journals (= installments)
  • cliffhangers / some characters are forgotten / influence of the public
  • literature available for a wider audience 
  • cheap 
  • ironical/satirical
  • absurd characters and absurd names

Slide 36 - Slide

Special for Dickens's novels 
  • flat and vivid characters
  • most of the novels took place in the busy city
  • workhouse, child labour
  • mostly male characters

Slide 37 - Slide