2.9 Christianity & Fall - TEACH

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This lesson contains 39 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 3 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Drag the names (A - F) and the pictures (G - L) to the correct building
triumphal arch

Slide 1 - Drag question

The Time of Greeks and Romans
2.9 Christianity and the end of the Roman Empire

Slide 2 - Slide

Around 100 AD the Roman Empire had reached its largest size.
Jesus was born in 1 AD in the province Judea (today Israel)

Slide 3 - Slide

Lesson 2.9: Christianity and the fall of the Roman Empire
  • The Romans had a polytheistic religion: they believed in              many gods  (poly = many).
  • The Jews lived in the Roman province Judea (today: Israel). 
  • They had a monotheistic religion. They believed in just one God (mono = one).
  • The Romans were tolerant. They accepted all different religions...
  • ...as long as people also worshipped the emperor.
  • The Jews refused to do this.

Slide 4 - Slide

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Slide 6 - Video

Jesus had followers like Petrus, Paulus, Judas, Lucas and Marcus. These are also known as the apostles. After Jesus' 
death the apostles spread Jesus' teachings across the empire.

Slide 7 - Slide

Jerusalem in the time of Jesus. 
In 70 AD this temple was destroyed by the Romans after a failed Jewish uprising. Today, only the Wailing Wall remains.

Slide 8 - Slide

Jesus was arrested for rebellion against Roman rule.
He was sentenced to death by crucifixion by the Roman governor of Judea: Pontius Pilatus.

Slide 9 - Slide

Jesus was crucified in 33 AD, together with two criminals

Slide 10 - Slide

The crucifix became the main symbol of the new religion: Christianity

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Slide 12 - Slide

Probably, jesus was crucified by putting nails in his wrists rather than through the palms of his hands.

Slide 13 - Slide

Lesson 2.9: Christianity and the fall of the Roman Empire
  • The Christian calendar starts with the birth of Jesus. 
  • That's the year 1 AD
  • Jesus was jewish and lived in Judea
  • He was crucified by the Romans
  • After his death, his followers spread Jesus' teachings around the Roman Empire.
  • This is how a new monotheistic religion started: Christianity. 
  • Christians also refused to worship the Roman emperor

Slide 14 - Slide

Very gradually, more and more people in the Roman Empire became Christians

Slide 15 - Slide

Emperor Nero, who ruled from 54 till 68 AD, is known for burning Rome and persecuting the Christians

Slide 16 - Slide

Several Roman writers claim that  Nero sang the "Sack of Ilium (Troy)" in stage costume while the city burned. But historians today believe this did not really happen.

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Rumor had it that Nero started the fire himself. Therefore, to blame someone else, he accused the already unpopular Christians for starting the fire. He had them arrested and killed in the arena.

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With Nero, the time of the "persecution of the Christians" began. This would last for more than 2 centuries, in which being a Christian was punishable by death. Despite of this, Christianity did not disappear.

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Slide 21 - Video

In 285 AD, Emperor Diocletian decided that the Roman Empire was too big to manage. He divided the Empire into two parts, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire. Over the next hundred years or so, Rome would be reunited, split into three parts, and split in two again. Finally, in 395 AD, the empire was split into two for good. The Western Empire was ruled by Rome, the Eastern Empire was ruled by Constantinople.

Slide 22 - Slide

Emperor Constantine would become the first Christian emperor. This ended the persecution and caused Christianity to spread further very quickly.

Slide 23 - Slide

The night before an important battle Constantine had a dream. In the dream his was told that he would win the battle if he fought under the sign of the Christian cross.

Slide 24 - Slide

Some accounts say that Constantine saw the Greek letters Chi and Rho in his dream and not the cross. Chi and Rho represented the spelling of Christ in Greek.

Slide 25 - Slide

The next day he had his soldiers paint the Christian symbol of Chi Rho on their shields.
And guess what? His army won the battle.

Slide 26 - Slide

n 330 AD Constantine established a new capital of the Roman Empire. He built it on the location of the ancient city of Byzantium. The city was named Constantinople after Emperor Constantine. Constantinople would later become capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, also called the Byzantine Empire.

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In the 4th and 5th centuries, Germanic tribes, like the Goths, Vandals and Franks invaded the Roman empire.
The Romans called these Germans "barbarians".

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Especially the Western Roman empire was attacked, conquered and plundered by different Germanic tribes.

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In 410 AD the Visigoths attacked and plundered the city of Rome. In 455 the Vandals did the same and plundered the city for two weeks.

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In 476 AD, a Germanic barbarian by the name of Odoacer took control of Rome. He became king of Italy and forced the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustulus, to give up his crown. Many historians consider this to be the end of the Western Roman Empire.

Slide 33 - Slide

The Eastern Roman empire continued under the name Byzantine Empire for another 1000 years.
The Western Roman empire was gone. Germanic tribes had created their own kingdoms here. 
Rome had always provided a strong government, education, and culture. Now much of Europe fell into barbarianism. The next 500 years would be known as the Early Middle Ages, or Dark Ages of Europe.

Slide 34 - Slide

Lesson 2.9: Christianity and the fall of the Roman Empire
  • 476 AD: official date of the Fall of the Western Roman Empire
  • In Western Europe, a new age started: The Middle Ages.

  • The Eastern Roman Empire continued however as the Byzantine Empire.
  • It lasted as a Christian empire until 1453.

Slide 35 - Slide


Slide 36 - Slide

imperial palace

Slide 37 - Drag question

Slide 38 - Video

The Christian symbol that Constantine had
his soldiers paint on their shields is known
as "Chi-Rho"
Explain this symbol by finding out the meaning of Chi-Rho.

Slide 39 - Open question