Chapter 2: between wars

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This lesson contains 30 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

Slide 1 - Slide

What are we going to discuss in this chapter?

Slide 2 - Slide

The Treaty of Versailles
The roaring twenties
The Great Depression USA -> World
The rise of Adolf Hitler

Slide 3 - Slide

Treaty of Versailles, 1919

Slide 4 - Slide


Slide 5 - Slide

Slide 6 - Video

Slide 7 - Slide

Based on the last slides, how can you describe the roaring twenties?

Slide 8 - Open question

The stock market
  • Farmers and companies borrowed money to invest.
  • Credit was used to buy stocks on the stock market.
  • The Stock market crashed on Black Thursday 1929.
  • The borrowed money couldn't be paid back.
  • Companies, factories and banks went bankrupt.
  • Many people lost their jobs

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

The Great Depression is called so because:

millions of people were depressed when they lost their jobs
it was a long and deep crisis that affected all Western industrialised countries
millions of people were disappointed that the Roaring Twenties were over
the United States had never faced an economic crisis of this size before

Slide 11 - Quiz

Why did the 1929 depression spread from the US to Europe?

Because the Americans bought stocks in Europe
Because the Americans sold their European stocks
Because there was a complicated set of loans and payments between US, France, UK and Germany and this fell apart because of the Wall Street Crash
Because of a complicated plan to repay the UK and France for the war effort, this included German minister Jakob Dawes selling US stocks at the Weimar stock exchange

Slide 12 - Quiz

Slide 13 - Slide

Which statement is true?
Statement I: The Weimar Republic was a democratic state with a parliament and a president.
Statement II: The government of the Weimar Republic could not end the political unrest in Germany.

Both statements are true.
Both statements are false.
Statement I is false and statement II is true.
Statement I is true and statement II is false.

Slide 14 - Quiz

Meanwhile in Germany, Hitler planned to avenge Germany for the end of World War I and the Treaty of Versailles. Name at least two thing from the Treaty of Versailles

Slide 15 - Open question

Slide 16 - Slide

Hitler's rise to power...

Slide 17 - Slide

Why would Hitler benefit from an economic crisis?

during a crisis people lose faith in their government and are more willing to follow a strong leader who will solve the problems
during a crisis many people lose their jobs. Hitler knew that only communism could save them.
Hitler knew that Germany could no longer pay the Reparations, so he got his revenge for the Treaty of Versailles
Hitler knew that Germans would all blame the Jews for this crisis and thus vote for him.

Slide 18 - Quiz

Hitler becomes a dictator
1933: Hitler's political party, the NSDAP, wins the elections

Soon thereafter, Hitler passed a law that made de NSDAP the only political party of Germany

Slide 19 - Slide

What is a dictator?

Slide 20 - Open question

Why did Hitler want to avenge World War I & the Treaty of Versailles?

Slide 21 - Open question

Hitler received a gift...

Slide 22 - Slide

Slide 23 - Video

How did the burning of the Reichstag help Hitler?

It helped him to start an attack on Jewish shopkeepers
It helped him to get rid of the communists
It helped him to start the new curriculum in schools
It helped him to get out of prison quicker

Slide 24 - Quiz

What was the Enabling Act?

A set of laws that determined the rights of Jews in Germany
A set of laws that granted Hitler the title of Führer
A set of laws that allowed Hitler to rule without the Reichstag
A set of laws that granted Hindenburg the right to veto Hitler

Slide 25 - Quiz


Slide 26 - Slide


Slide 27 - Slide

The Night of the Long Knives

Slide 28 - Slide

On the 30th of June 1934 Hitler initiated a purge which would later become known as the Night of the Long Knives. To who was this purge directed to?

To Jews
To Communists
To the former politicians who were part of the Weimar Republic
To disobedient members of the Nazi party

Slide 29 - Quiz

What did Hitler do to German democracy when he came to power in 1933?

Slide 30 - Open question