T3- 2.8 &2.9- Coal and Natural gas

Geography lesson
- 'aardrijkskunde in de bovenbouw
review homework unit 2.5
- Explanation unit 2.8 + video
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Slide 1: Slide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolvwoLeerjaar 3

This lesson contains 45 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

Items in this lesson

Geography lesson
- 'aardrijkskunde in de bovenbouw
review homework unit 2.5
- Explanation unit 2.8 + video

Slide 1 - Slide

Q. 2: How does this dead fish becoming a fossil until it is found?

Slide 2 - Slide

The soft parts perish
The fish remains are buried by layers of sediment
The sedimentary layers turn into rock
The rock is moved up to the surface
The fossil is removed from the rock with a hammer and chisel

Slide 3 - Drag question

Changing conditions
Sufficient oxygen
Extinction of dinosaurs
Hunted by humans
Ozone layer that protects against UV
Meteorite impact
The rising cilimate temperature and changing landscape
The development of land plants
Extinction mammoth
Extinction dinosaurs
The strong rise of mammals
The development of land animals
Extinction of the tiger

Slide 4 - Drag question

What influences what? Put in the right order with correct explanation
Explanation 1>2
Explanation 2>3
Temperature on earth
Sea level
Volcanic activity
Due to CO2 increase temp. rises
Because it is hotter, ice melts and sea level rises

Slide 5 - Drag question

Question 7b
--> The higher the latitude, the lower the temperature
--> The bigger the continent, the dryer the centre of the continen

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Natural gas
Crude oil
Consists off compressed plant material
Forms when plant and animal remains are pressed together
Consists of compressed material of animal remains

Slide 10 - Drag question

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During the carboniferous: a major part of the world looked like this

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Slide 15 - Video

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2.8: Q.1

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2.8: Q.1

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Put the process of coal formation in the correct order
Dead trees and plant remains end up under water
A thick layer of plant and tree remains develops
The water lacks oxygen which stops the plants from rotting
Layers of sediment close off the plant remains from the atmosphere
The layer is pressed under high pressure and high temperature
The area subsides

Slide 19 - Drag question

Thick layers of peat formed in the carboniferous
You can find coal in the carboniferous layers
Coalification occurs when the peat layers subside and sedimentary layers are deposited on top of the peat
The coalification took place during the carboniferous
The speed of subsidence and that of the sedimentation process do not influence the formation of coal
In the end, the coal layers were thicker than the peat layersl

Slide 20 - Drag question

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For which number in the cross-section was the photo in source 47 (p.50) made? 1-2-3 or 4?

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For which number in the cross-section was the photo in source 47 made? 1-2-3 or 4?
1, because it is close to the surface and made during the carbinferous
2, because it is deep in the ground and made during carboniferous
3, because it is formed in the tertiary
4, because it is deep and made in the tertiary

Slide 23 - Quiz

The cross-section was drawn from south-west to north-east.
Which description fits which part of the cross-section?

Slide 24 - Slide

In this area, the carboniferous has subsided to a depth of 2 kilometres. This is the Ruhr valley graben
In this area, coal is locasted at a depth of about 500 to 600 metres
This area has subsided less deep to the north of Limburg. This is Venlo Graben
There were coal mines in this area, thanks to uplift

Slide 25 - Drag question

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Fossil fuels (unit 2.8 and 2.9)
Review Q.2 and 3 (unit 2.8)
Together: Q. 4 unit 2.8
Unit 2.9: oil formation and conditions for finding oil and associated gas
Homework: 2.8: Q. 4, 6 2.9: Q. 1,2,4,5,8,9

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2.9: The black gold

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Here you see a possible location of crude oil or natural gas
Drag the numbers from the cross section to the correct name
impenetrable layer
Crude oil
Natural gas
Reservoir rock
Parent rock

Slide 34 - Drag question

Slide 35 - Slide

Drag the phases of associated gas formation in the right order
Crude oil formation
New layers of sediment pressurize the parent rock
The pressure causes natural gas to form
The gas rises up towards the atmosphere
Except when there is an impenetrable layer above the gas, which keeps it inside the ground

Slide 36 - Drag question

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2.8: 4 and 6
2.9:1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9

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Dat was het!
Ga nu voor jezelf na of je alles begrepen hebt.

Rechts zie je de onderwerpen die in deze les behandeld zijn. Ben je klaar voor de toets, of heb je hier nog hulp bij nodig? Sleep de leerdoelen naar de vakjes hieronder.
Ik begrijp dit
echt niet
Ik vind dit nog steeds
heel moeilijk
Ik begin het
te snappen!
Volgens mij begrijp
ik dit!
Kom maar door
met die proeftoets!
Wat het verschil is tussen fossiele energie en duurzame energie
Welke /gevolgen problemen er zijn met het gebruik van fossiele energie
Hoe steenkool, aardolie en aardgas is ontstaan
Wat het verschil is tussen primaire en secundaire energiebronnen
Wat een energietransitie is en wat we hiermee willen bereiken

Slide 40 - Drag question

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Oil and gas get stuck in folds or fractures

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Drag the sources of energy to the correct place in the graph.
Natural gas
Crude oil
Sustainable energie

Slide 43 - Drag question

Pangaea (during the Permian)

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