word formation

Word Formation

  • Base form in capital letters at the end of the line​
  • Change to adjective, noun, verb or adverb​
  • Affixes (HONEST – DISHONESTY)​
  • Internal changes (STRONG – STRENGTHEN)​
  • Compounding (RAIN – RAINDROP)​
  • Several changes (EXPECT – UNEXPECTEDLY)  

We'll work on the second one today
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Slide 1: Slide

This lesson contains 29 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

Word Formation

  • Base form in capital letters at the end of the line​
  • Change to adjective, noun, verb or adverb​
  • Affixes (HONEST – DISHONESTY)​
  • Internal changes (STRONG – STRENGTHEN)​
  • Compounding (RAIN – RAINDROP)​
  • Several changes (EXPECT – UNEXPECTEDLY)  

We'll work on the second one today

Slide 1 - Slide

Word formation
Verb:             to educate
Noun:           education, to educate
Adjective:  educational, educated
Adverb:       educationally

Slide 2 - Slide

Try this:
Make nouns, adverbs and verbs from these adjectives:
long       weak       deep     strong     wide     short     warm

Make a table in your notebook to fill in, and for easy checking in a bit

Slide 3 - Slide


Slide 4 - Slide

Word Formation


Slide 5 - Slide

Large spiders, _______ from South East Asia, are now being seen in the local countryside.

Slide 6 - Open question

Collecting garden gnomes might seem an unusual
____ , but many people do it.

Slide 7 - Open question

Professor Watkins wasn't only an _____ to me, but to thousands of others lucky enough to have met him.

Slide 8 - Open question

For someone so young, Carl is a very literate and
______ young man.

Slide 9 - Open question

The new year ____ in this area of the country involve dancing and a drink made from melons.

Slide 10 - Open question

The ____ of the Rubik's Cube peaked in the early 1980s.

Slide 11 - Open question

This musician's work is very ___ and difficult to understand. Many people say it's just noise.

Slide 12 - Open question

Tom ____ told us he wasn't coming, then he turns up with two guests! I'm furious with him.

Slide 13 - Open question

The speaker explains how to make our .......................................

function better. (memorise)

Slide 14 - Open question

We can make....................................................

in our ability to memorise. (improve)

Slide 15 - Open question

We use a .........................................

of long-term and short-term memory. (combine)

Slide 16 - Open question

There are several things we can do to recall ....................

. (inform)

Slide 17 - Open question

We can use word ........................................

to remember a concept. (associate)

Slide 18 - Open question

The term .........................................

means imagining a picture. (visualise)

Slide 19 - Open question

You can use different ...........................................

to remember historical facts. (formulate)

Slide 20 - Open question

Following these tips will improve your ...................................

to remember. (be able to)

Slide 21 - Open question

Some extra help

Slide 22 - Slide

word formation
you will be given what is called a 'stem' word which you need to change in order to fill the gap. 

This stem word can be altered into different word types like: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, gerunds (-ing verbs). This can be done adding prefixes (un-, dis-, a-, per- , pro- etc.) or suffixes )-able, -al, -ly, -ic, -ical, etc.). 

For example: you are given the word LONG. You can change this to longest or longer, but also to length or lengthy. In a similar way, LIKE can be changed to likely/unlikely, dislike, liking, alike, likeness
This exercise really tests your ability to connect different words back to one 'stem', and tie the  meanings of words together. 

Slide 23 - Slide

Word formation

After the/a/an/ some/any/many / his etc / you use a noun. Check if there is not a noun after the gap. If there is, use an adjective.

His ... to succeed impressed us very much. DETERMINE   answer: determination

If there is  a gap in front of a noun  or after  a form of to be you get an adjective.

It is ... to see how far he can jump. ASTONISH  answer: astonishing.

He  received a very ...... letter. BEAUTY   anser: beautiful

If there is a gap after a verb or before an adjective  you use an adverb.

They  spoke .... about the difficult situation. INTELLIGENCE  answer : intelligently

Nobody knew where the .... difficult test would take place. EXTREME  answer: extremely

Sometimes you need to add a prefix or suffix as well.

After the divorce Fred felt very ... for quite a long time. HAPPINESS  answer unhappy

Slide 24 - Slide

extra practice 
Word formation
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets.
 0 Don’t be nervous (nerve) about your exam.
You’ll be fine. 
 1 She had to be picked up from camp because she felt __________ (home).
 2 He was __________ (disappoint) when he didn’t get to play in the first team.
 3 There’s a lot of __________ (compete) between the brugklasses.
 4 His father lost his job, now he has been out of __________ (employ) for three years.
 5 My dad  runs a __________ (success) haulage business.
 6 Not everyone enjoyed 'Face'. Some people thought it isn’t very __________ (well / write).
  7 I thought Megan Markel was __________ (beautiful / dress) for her wedding, she was ________ – (wear) a Givenchy dress.

Slide 25 - Slide

Word formation

verb                                                          noun                              adjective                                adverb 
To be strong                                        strength                        strong                                     strongly 
To separate                                         separation                    (in)separate                         seperately 
To be social                                         society                           (un)social / societal          socially  
To be happy                                        (un)happiness            (un)happy                              happily 
To prefer                                               preference                   preferable                             preferably 
To be able                                            (dis)ability                    (dis)able                                 ably 
To be conscious of smth              (un)consciousness  (un)conscious                     (un)consciously 
To behave                                             behaviour                     behavioural                         - 
To remark                                             remark                          (un)remarkable                  remarkably 

Slide 26 - Slide

word formation
verb               noun             adjective                adverb
dellight       delight         delightful               delighted
-                      elegance     elegant                   elegantly
except        exception   exceptional           exeptionally
amas              mass             massive                  massively
substantiate  substance  substantial           tantially

Slide 27 - Slide

Slide 28 - Slide

Try to change the stems into as many things as you can. 
Send them to me to check. 

trick  access excellent impress colour
favour mind help dull hope sophisticated
mess mud ice popular  apply able electronic 

Slide 29 - Slide