Grammar Year 3 Period 2 (Past Simple, Passive, Linking words, Who/Which/That/When)

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This lesson contains 46 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

Welcome to English

Slide 1 - Slide

Year 3, Period 2 Grammar
- Passive (+Past Simple)
- Linking words
- That/Which/When/Who

Slide 2 - Slide

Activities 6-12-2021

Slide 3 - Slide

Activities 7-12-2021
1. Passive: https://www.english-grammar.at//online_exercises/passive-voice/pa017-present-past-simple.htm
2. From active to passive
3. Revision - Pronouns and linking words
4. Leerblad afmaken!
5. HW: Learn the words

Slide 4 - Slide

Active -> Passive

Thousands of tourists visit the Grand Canyon every year.
  • The Grand Canyon is visited every year (by thousands of tourists).
The homeowners remodeled the house to help it sell.
  • The house was remodeled to help it sell (by the homeowners).
The kangaroo carried her baby in her pouch.
  • Her baby was carried in her pouch (by the kangaroo).
The cleaning crew vacuums and dusts the office every night.
  • The office is vacuumed and dusted every night (by the cleaning crew).

Slide 5 - Slide



a) AS A RESULT
b) AND
c) BECAUSE
d) HOWEVER
e) BUT
f) MOREOVER
g) SO
h) FIRST
f) THEREFORE
g) NEXT


1) Sequence (Volgorde aangeven)
2) Adding info (extra informatie geven)
3) Contrast (tegenstelling aangeven)
4) Reason and result (oorzak en gevolg weergeven)
Connect the linking words to their function in a sentence

Slide 6 - Slide

Referring to people and things: 
who, which, that, where
  • WHO = terugverwijst naar mensen
    Willy Rodriguez is a janitor who has worked at the World Trade Center for 20 years
  • WHICH = terugverwijst naar dingen of dieren
    The dogs, which were roaming the streets, were taken to an animal shelter.
  • THAT = terugverwijst naar mensen, dieren of dingen.
    Vóór that kan géén komma staan
    Who are the people that helped us?
    The two planes that hit the Twin Towers caused much damage
  • WHERE = terugverwijzen naar een plaats
    We live in a world where people have easy access to semi-automatic weapons.


Slide 7 - Slide

that vs which/who
  • I have two dogs. One is a labrador and one is a husky.

  • My dog that is a husky is very energetic today.
    -> You know that I have more than 1 dogs so I have to give you extra info on which one I mean (that its breed is a husky)
  • My dog, which is a labrador, is very tired today.
     -> don't know how many dogs I have but one of them is a labrador
A HINT: focus on the commas! Which = COMMA, that = no comma

Slide 8 - Slide

THAT vs WHICH/WHO
My bike that has a broken seat is in the garage.
- you own more than 1 bike but one of them has a broken seat
My bike, which has a broken seat, is in the garage.
- we don't know how many bikes you own but one of them has a broken seat (could be only 1 bike or many more bikes)

Slide 9 - Slide

PAST SIMPLE 
Talking about the past...
If you want to say something that happened
5 minutes ago, yesterday, 5 years ago, in 1994, a Century ago...
you use PAST SIMPLE tense


Example:
- The lesson started 5 minutes ago.
- The students went home early yesterday.
Miss Salehar moved to the Netherlands 5 years ago

Slide 10 - Slide

LIST on pg. 27
Text
pg. 41

Slide 11 - Slide

Negative - Ontkennende zinnen (-)
PAST SIMPLE (Verleden tijd) - REGELMATIGE WW:
Bevestigende zin: I walked the stairs.
Ontkennende zin: I didn't walk the stairs.
ONREGELMATIGE WW:
Bevestigende zin: My mom woke up at 7 a.m.
Ontkennende zin: My mom didn't wake up at 7 a.m. 
What is the rule? Wat is de regel?

Slide 12 - Slide

Questions - Vragende zinnen (?)
PAST SIMPLE (Verleden tijd): regelmatige ww
Bevestigende zin: I walked the stairs.
Vragende zin: Did I walk the stairs?
onregelmatige ww:
Bevestigende zin: My mom woke up at 7 a.m.
Vragende zin: Did my mom wake up at 7 a.m. 
What is the rule? Wat is de regel?

Slide 13 - Slide

Vragende en ontkennende zinnen met WAS en WERE

Slide 14 - Slide

PASSIVE VOICE
Write down the title

Slide 15 - Slide

Active and Passive voice
What is it?
Active: We say WHO did it
The teacher graded the tests.
The result: Now the students know their grades.
Passive: When we do not say who did it
The tests were graded.
The result: Now the students know their grades.
Active: We say WHO did it

Passive: We do not say WHO did it
The result in both sentences is the same!

Slide 16 - Slide

WHY passive voice?
1. When we do not know WHO did it
My car was stolen yesterday.
2. When it does not matter WHO did it (the activity is more important than the person who did it)
The president was sworn in on a cold January morning.
3. Scientific texts
The rat was placed into a maze.

Slide 17 - Slide

HOW do we make passive voice?
John kissed Jane. 
- 1. See who did it (person) -> John
- 2. What did they do (verb) and in what TENSE -> kissed (past simple)
- 3. What is the object they did it to (a thing, another person…) -> Jane
HOW FORM THE PASSIVE VOICE:
- 1. Put the object in the beginning and forget about the person -> Jane
- 2. Add the verb ‘BE’ in the same tense! -> was (past simple)
- 3.  Put the verb in question to 3de rijtje (pg. 90!) -> kissed

Slide 19 - Slide

EXAMPLE SENTENCE
Active: John collects money.
1. See WHO did it: - JOHN
2. WHAT did he DO (verb) & tense – COLLECTS (present simple!)
3. What is the OBJECT? – MONEY
4. Object in the beginning: Money
5. VERB be in present simple: is
6. Verb 3de rijtje: collected

Passive: Money is collected (by John). 

Slide 20 - Slide

Fill in: 
Active: Matt and Jesse drove a car. 
1. See WHO did it: __________
2. WHAT did they DO (verb) & tense: __________
3. What is the OBJECT: ____________
4. Put the object in the beginning: __________
5. VERB be in past simple: __________
6. Verb 3de rijtje: ____________
Passive: _________________________

Slide 21 - Slide

Make the sentence PASSIVE
(Present Simple!)
You write a letter.

Slide 22 - Open question

Make the sentence PASSIVE
(Past Simple!)
You wrote a letter.

Slide 23 - Open question

Make the sentence PASSIVE
(Present Simple!)
They see you.

Slide 24 - Open question

Make the sentence PASSIVE
(Past Simple!)
They saw you.

Slide 25 - Open question

Examples:
The teacher reads 1 book per week.

We do not clean our rooms. 

Harry ate six shrimp at dinner.

Sue changed the flat tire.

I draw a picture. 

I ran the obstacle course in record time.















Slide 26 - Slide

Examples:
The teacher reads 1 book per week. -> 1 book per week is read (by the teacher)
We do not clean our rooms.  -> Our rooms were not cleaned (by us).
Harry ate six shrimp at dinner. -> At dinner six shrimp were eaten (by Harry).
Sue changed the flat tire. -> The flat tire was changed (by Sue).
I draw a picture.  -> A picture was drawn (by me)
I ran the obstacle course in record time. ->The obstacle course was run in record time (by me).
















Slide 27 - Slide

EXIT TICKET
What did you learn today?

Slide 28 - Open question

Linking words
Words that connect 2 sentences

I completed the assignment and did my homework.
I wanted a good grade but I didn't have time to study because I had my football practice.

Slide 29 - Slide



a) AS A RESULT
b) AND
c) BECAUSE
d) HOWEVER
e) BUT
f) MOREOVER
g) SO
h) FIRST
f) THEREFORE
g) NEXT


1) Sequence (Volgorde aangeven)
2) Adding info (extra informatie geven)
3) Contrast (tegenstelling aangeven)
4) Reason and result (oorzak en gevolg weergeven)
Connect the linking words to their function in a sentence

Slide 30 - Slide



a) AS A RESULT
b) AND
c) BECAUSE
d) HOWEVER
e) BUT
f) MOREOVER
g) SO
h) FIRST
f) THEREFORE
g) NEXT


1) Sequence (Volgorde aangeven)
2) Adding info (extra informatie geven)
3) Contrast (tegenstelling aangeven)
4) Reason and result (oorzak en gevolg weergeven)
Connect the linking words to their function in a sentence

Slide 31 - Slide

OPEN books to pg. 88
Choose one word from each of the 4 tables and create new sentences with it!
- In your notebooks - each student has to have 4 new sentences
WATCH OUT -> (you can't use: AND, BUT, SO!!)

Slide 32 - Slide



a) A
b) AND
c) BECAUSE
d) BEFORE
e) BUT
f) IF
g) SO
h) WHEN


1) Time - after, before, when
2) Adding info - and
3) Contrast - but
4) Reason - because
5) Result - so
6) Condition - if 
Connect the linking words to their function in a sentence

Slide 33 - Slide

2V:
Go online and find some other linking words 
that would give the following functions:
- reason, contrast, adding information, result
- Use them in a sentence (write 4 sentences!)

Slide 34 - Slide

Write down a sentence in which you used the new linking word

Slide 35 - Open question

AGENDA 29-11
1. Irregular verbs
2. Passive voice exercise
3. WIRED exercises af (listening, reading)
4. Done? Learn the words (if time- Blooket)

WED: SO + Begin with the task
MON: TASK
TUE: Herhalen
WED: toets

Slide 36 - Slide

1. PAST SIMPLE 
Talking about the past...
If you want to say something that happened
5 minutes ago, yesterday, 5 years ago, in 1994, a Century ago...
you use PAST SIMPLE tense



Example:
- The lesson started 5 minutes ago.
- The students went home early yesterday.
Miss Salehar moved to the Netherlands 5 years ago

Slide 37 - Slide

LIST on pg. 27
Text
pg. 41

Slide 38 - Slide

VRAGENDE en ONTKENNEDE ZINNEN

Bevestigende:  I bought this shirt on sales yesterday. 
(?) Did I buy this shirt on sales yesterday?
(-) I didn't buy this shirt on sales yesterday.



(?) = Did + persoon + ww (terug naar tegenwoordige tijd) +?
(-) = didn't + ww (terug naar tegenwoordige tijd)

Slide 39 - Slide

Passive voice
a) Farmers grow soy in Argentina.
b) People export Spanish tortilla to the US.
c) El Greco painted The Burial of the Count of Orgaz.
d) You don’t find penguins at the North Pole.
e) Columbus didn’t discover America in 1491.
f) Did my uncle sell the bicycle?
g) The child broke all the plates in the cupboard.
h) Did she find the book?

Slide 40 - Slide



a) AS A RESULT
b) AND
c) BECAUSE
d) HOWEVER
e) BUT
f) MOREOVER
g) SO
h) FIRST
f) THEREFORE
g) NEXT


1) Sequence (Volgorde aangeven)
2) Adding info (extra informatie geven)
3) Contrast (tegenstelling aangeven)
4) Reason and result (oorzak en gevolg weergeven)
Connect the linking words to their function in a sentence

Slide 42 - Slide

Referring to people and things: 
who, which, that, where
  • WHO = terugverwijst naar mensen
    Willy Rodriguez is a janitor who has worked at the World Trade Center for 20 years
  • WHICH = terugverwijst naar dingen of dieren
    The dogs, which were roaming the streets, were taken to an animal shelter.
  • THAT = terugverwijst naar mensen, dieren of dingen.
    Vóór that kan géén komma staan
    Who are the people that helped us?
    The two planes that hit the Twin Towers caused much damage
  • WHERE = terugverwijzen naar een plaats
    We live in a world where people have easy access to semi-automatic weapons.


Slide 43 - Slide

THAT vs WHICH/WHO
My bike that has a broken seat is in the garage.
- you own more than 1 bike but one of them has a broken seat
My bike, which has a broken seat, is in the garage.
- we don't know how many bikes you own but one of them has a broken seat (could be only 1 bike or many more bikes)

Slide 44 - Slide

that vs which
  • I have two dogs. One is a labrador and one is a husky.

  • My dog that is a husky is very energetic today.
    -> You know that I have more than 1 dogs so I have to give you extra info (that its breed is a husky)
  • My dog, which is a labrador, is very tired today.
     -> don't know how many dogs I have but one of them is a labrador
A HINT: focus on the commas! Which = COMMA, that = no comma

Slide 45 - Slide

WIRED exercises
- go to WIRED
- do Exercises 1, 2, 3, 4
- Do listening, reading exercises
- DONE? Learn the words

Slide 46 - Slide