CH2 sec. 2.4 The Golden Age

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.4 Golden Age
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 12 slides, with text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.4 Golden Age

Slide 1 - Slide

Learning objectives
Main question: For what reason was the Golden Age a period of prosperity in art and science?
  • You can explain that the seventeenth century was economically and culturally a Golden Age for the Republic.
  • You can explain that there were social differences in the Republic and you can describe four social groups.
  • You can explain why the growth of trade stimulated art and science.
  • You can explain why scientists benefited from tolerance in the Republic.
  • You know the terms and dates from this section.

Slide 2 - Slide

Golden Age
Period of great prosperity and flourishing in art, technology and science in the Republic between 1588-1672.
Holland (Amsterdam) became the centre of world trade.
  • economic prosperity
  • thriving art and science

Slide 3 - Slide

Social differences
Which four social groups existed in the Republic? 

Rich and poor

Slide 4 - Slide

Social differences
Rich and poor
1) Small group of upper-class people (regenten)
2) Shopkeepers and skilled craftsmen
3) Wage labourers
4) The poor

Slide 5 - Slide

Art and science
Prosperity led to great demand for paintings. Upper-class, shopkeepers and craftsmen could afford art.

Bought paintings of landscapes, cityscapes and portraits.

Famous painters were Rembrandt van Rijn, Jan Steen, Frans Hals and Johannes Vermeer.

Slide 6 - Slide

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Video

Art and science
Seventeenth century scientific revolution

The Renaissance was the first time in which scholars studied the Bible and ancient texts critically.

Economic prosperity stimulated science
  • Maritime transport made mathematical and physical
knowledge more important (maps and navigation 
  • Trade provided knowledge about people, plants and


Slide 9 - Slide

Art and science
Sometimes this led to new knowledge that conflicted with the knowledge of the Bible and ancient texts. The more that was discovered, the more doubt arose about what was true and what was not.

A new science emerged based on observation and experiment.

Famous scientists
  • Christiaan Huygens (telescope, pendulum)
  • Anthonie van Leeuwenhoek (microscope)

Slide 10 - Slide

A way of interacting with each other with much understanding or acceptance.

Republic was calvinism (protestantism) the most important faith. People with a different religion (Roman Catholics, Jews) weren't persecuted.

Tolerance ensured that there was room for scientists and artists with different views and ideas about the world and nature.

Scientists used logical reasoning to achieve real knowledge.

Slide 11 - Slide

Get to work
What? See whiteboard.
How? Alone 
Help? Ask neighbour. Can't figure it out? Ask teacher. 
Time? Until the end of the lesson. 
Done? Learn terms and dates. Ask teacher. 

Slide 12 - Slide