Week 1: Key Aspects of Psychology: Psychodynamic

Week 1: Introduction to key Aspects in Psychology
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Slide 1: Slide

This lesson contains 21 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

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Week 1: Introduction to key Aspects in Psychology

Slide 1 - Slide


What is psychology?
This is a question.

Slide 2 - Open question

Key Perspectives:
1. Psychodynamic
2. Humanistic
3. Cognitive
4. Behaviourist
5. Socio Cultural
6. Biological
7.  Evolutionary

Slide 3 - Slide

Aims and Objectives
1. To be able to explain the assumptions of the psychodynamic approach.
2. To be able to explain Frued's theories of the mind.

Slide 4 - Slide

Psychodynamic Approach

Slide 5 - Slide

What do you know about Sigmund Freud?

Slide 6 - Open question

Assumptions
 Fathered by Sigmund Freud, the psychodynamic approach Centres on:

  1.  The Unconscious Mind.
2. Psychic Determinism: All behaviour has a cause or reason, even slips of the tongue (indicating little free will).
3. Instinctual Drives: Behaviour is motivated by instinctual drives—Eros (Life) and Thanatos (Death).
4, Constant Struggle: Different parts of the unconscious mind (id, ego, and superego) are in constant conflict.
5. Childhood Experiences: Our adult behaviour and feelings, including psychological problems, stem from childhood experiences (psychosexual stages).

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Slide

Slide 9 - Video

Which Description fits ? 
The ID
The Ego
The super Ego
Seeks pleasure careless of the cost. instinctual desire
Balances Impulses with moral standards
Moral conscience and idealized self image.

Slide 10 - Drag question

EGO
ID
Super Ego

Slide 11 - Drag question

mental health issues
  • Anxiety = When the ego doesn’t apply the reality principle effectively anxiety arises, the unconscious mind activates defence mechanisms. These mechanisms serve to either prevent unpleasant feelings or enhance positive experiences for the individual.

Slide 12 - Slide

Childhood Issues
  • Anger Issues / Poor Impulse Control = according to Freud, if someone grows up in a difficult environment (especially with a distant or rejecting mother), their ego—the part of their mind that balances desires—can become weak. When this happens, the ego struggles to control the id (which represents basic desires). Eventually, the id takes over, affecting the person’s overall mental state.

Slide 13 - Slide

Psychosexual stages
The Id is present from birth.
The ego starts to develop during the first three years of a child's life.
The superego begins to develop around age 5.

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Video

How many sexual stages are there?
A
6
B
5
C
4
D
7

Slide 16 - Quiz

What is the name of the first psychosexual stage
A
Oral
B
Phallic
C
Anal
D
Genital

Slide 17 - Quiz

When a boy envies his fathers relationship with his mother it is called the ......
A
Electra Complex
B
Oedipus Complex
C
Penis Envy
D
Mother Fixation

Slide 18 - Quiz

In which psychosexual stage does the super ego develop?
A
Latency stage
B
Oral Stage
C
Genital Stage
D
Phallic Stage

Slide 19 - Quiz

Which of Frued's theories do you think have a good basis for understanding the mind?
Tripartite Personality theory i.e ID, EGO, SUPEREGO
Psycho-Sexual Stages.
Oedipus and Electra Complex

Slide 20 - Poll

Task: 20 mins
In groups research one of the following Psychodynamic Theories:

  1. Carl Jung
  2. Alfred Adler
  3. Erik Erikson
  4. Object Relations Theory

Slide 21 - Slide