1.1 Problems in the church

Reformation and the Dutch Revolt

chapter 1 
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 20 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 120 min

Items in this lesson

Reformation and the Dutch Revolt

chapter 1 

Slide 1 - Slide

What do you still remember from the Middle Ages?

Slide 2 - Mind map

Problems in the church

paragraph 1.1

Slide 3 - Slide

The church
During the Middle Ages, the church was very rich and powerful. 
Some people criticized this power.  
As a result, they set up the inquisition.
= a special court where heretics got judged. 

Slide 4 - Slide

The causes for this criticism were:
  1. letters of indulgence 
  2. humanism: a movement that places
    humans central in life instead of God. 
  3. The invention of the printing press

Slide 5 - Slide

Martin Luther
One of the critics was called Martin
Luther, a German monk. 
He created a list of 95 things he
thought were wrong within the church
and nailed them on a door on a church
in Germany. 

Slide 6 - Slide

Slide 7 - Video

Problems in the church

paragraph 1.1

Slide 8 - Slide

Martin Luther
Luther believed you should believe according to the text in the Bible, instead of listening to the clergy. This meant that:
  1. People should be able to read the Bible themselves
  2. Letters of indulgence should be abolished
  3. The pope had to leave

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

The Reformation
Because of Calvin, the church split into two organisations:
  1. The Roman Catholics: people who stayed loyal to the pope
  2. The protestants: people who followed Luther
We call this split the Reformation.

Slide 11 - Slide

John Calvin
Calvin was another reformer. He thought that sobriety should be the essence of christianity.

You must obey the king
You may revolt to a bad king
If you study the Bible well enough, you will end up in heaven

Slide 12 - Slide

Consequences of the Reformation
  1. Protestants churches arise in Northen Europe
    Lutherans, calvinists and the Anglican church
  2. Kings break with Roman Catholicism
  3. Religious wars in Europe
    → In the Netherlands, the Spanish king Charles V, wanted to prevent that the Netherlands would turn protestant. 

Slide 13 - Slide

Characteristics protestantism
  1. Sober churches without decoration
  2. No priests, saints or clergy, only a pastor
  3. Work hard and live sober. 
  4. Core of the belief is the Bible

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Slide

Read paragraph 1.1
You have 10 minutes to do so. 
After that, go to the ELO and fill in the exercise called
overview protestants and catholics


Slide 16 - Slide

Slide 17 - Video

No decorations
Statues of saints 
Forgiveness of sins via a priest
Direct band with God 
Pastors can marry
Clergy should be celibatory 
Bible in the language of the people
Bible in Latin
Multiple branches

Slide 18 - Drag question

Who is who?
The King
Duke of Alva
William of Orange
Philip II
Charles V

Slide 19 - Drag question

Timeline 16th century
Iconoclastic Fury
Maarten Luther nails his 95 theses to a church
Start of protestantism
Dissatisfaction in
the NL starts
The Dutch Revolt starts
Revolters conquer Den Briel 

Slide 20 - Slide