2.5 Hitler's Dictatorship -T-

2.5: Hitler's dictatorship
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HistoryMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3

This lesson contains 42 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 4 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 45 min

Items in this lesson

2.5: Hitler's dictatorship

Slide 1 - Slide

In a democracy power is not in the hands of 1 person.
Power is divided into 3 equal branches.

What do we call the "separation of powers" again?

Slide 2 - Mind map

Which power does parliament hold in the Trias Politica
(or in any democratic state)?
judicial power
absolute power
legislative power
executive power

Slide 3 - Quiz

Which of the following does NOT belong to parliament?
1e & 2e Kamer
peoples' representatives
prime minister

Slide 4 - Quiz

What was the name of the German parliament during the Weimar Republic?

Slide 5 - Quiz

So, parliament "makes the laws".
But it has another function within the Trias Politica.

Which one?
execute the new laws
check the government
prosecute people who break the law
appoint the king

Slide 6 - Quiz

  • in a democracy power is separated into 3 equal branches.
  • parliament is the legislative power: it makes the laws.
  • parliament is elected by the people. It is therefore "the people's representatives".
  • The other two branches are the executive and judicial power.
  • The executive power is the government.
  • But what is a government?

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  • So:     government = cabinet =  ministers (+ prime minister)
  • With a majority support in parliament a cabinet can pass its own plans / ideas as new laws.
  • In Germany the prime minister is called the "chancellor" (kanselier)
  • Hitler wanted his nazi party to win the Reichstag elections.
  • He would then become chancellor.
  • He could then start to execute his own plans.....

Slide 11 - Slide

Slide 12 - Video

lesson 2.5: Hitler's dictatorship.
main question: How did Hitler seize power, then destroy democracy and strengthen his position to turn Germany into a totalitarian Nazi state?
Subjects in this lesson:
1933: -Hitler becomes chancellor.
          -Reichstag fire
          -the Enabling Act in parliament: power to rule without                        parliament
1934: -Night of the Long Knives
          -Hitler becomes FÜHRER (leader): absolute power.

Slide 13 - Slide

lesson 2.5: Hitler's dictatorship.

Nazis start to turn Germany into a totalitarian state (nazification):
                          - nazis control of media and culture
                          - propaganda and cult of personality
                          - racial ideology, indoctrinate children /                                                     education
                          - terror: SS & Gestapo, concentration camps

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After 1929: Thanks to the crisis, Hitler’s party grew.

Slide 15 - Slide

Reichstag elections July 1932
Nazis (brown) are largest parties, but don't have an overall majority

Slide 16 - Slide

Jan. 1933, Hitler is appointed "chancellor"....

Slide 17 - Slide

...but the nazis don't have an overall a majority in parliament.
And that is what Hitler wants.

Slide 18 - Slide

When the Reichstag building is set on fire by a communist,
Hitler seizes the opportunity...

Slide 19 - Slide

Hitler declares communists state enemies and organises new elections, using propaganda and terror.

Slide 20 - Slide

the S.A. (Sturm Abteilung) = nazis in uniforms.
They arrest communists and intimidate voters

Slide 21 - Slide

Reichstag elections March 1933
Nazis (brown) , together with another nationalist party, have an overall majority

Slide 22 - Slide

With a majority support in parliament Hitler proposes a new law: 
the Enabling Act

Slide 23 - Slide

This law gives Hitler the power to rule without parliament!
Hitler now has dictatorial powers.

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To strengthen his power, Hitler needed to get rid of "critical" members of his own S.A. (sturmabteilung)

Ernst Röhm

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SA leaders wanted more political influence.
Hitler did not want to share any power.

Slide 26 - Slide

Hitler turns to his elite bodyguard troops: the SS to help him 

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During the "Night of the Long Knives" the SA is purged by the SS.
Hitler claims he has prevented an "SA coup".

Slide 28 - Slide

Two months later president Hindenburg dies.
He was the last remnant of the Weimar republic.

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Hitler succeeds Hindenburg, combines his office "chancellor" with 
that of "president" into a new title: FÜHRER

Slide 30 - Slide

Hitler succeeds Hindenburg, combines his office "chancellor" with 
that of "president" into a new title: FÜHRER

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Slide 35 - Video


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Terror and concentration camps

In 1925, the highly-trained SS personnel became Hitler’s personal bodyguards. From 1934 onwards, when Hitler got rid of the SA, the task of the SS was to defend the national-socialist state and eliminate all its opponents. In 1934, the Gestapo was founded, the Nazi secret police. At the start of Hitler’s rule, ten thousand of Communists had been arrested, many after the Reichstag Fire. Prisons soon proved to be too small and so many of the prisoners were send to abandoned areas. Here wooden barracks were set up, surrounded by barbed wire and watchtowers. The SS took command of these concentration camps. At first, political adversaries, such as critical teachers, journalists and members of different political parties were locked up. But soon Hitler also ordered people who were inferior, according to his racial doctrine, to be send to these camps: Jews, homosexuals, gypsies and disabled people were sent prison, tortured and mistreated. Most of them did not survive.

  1. What were the SS and Gestapo used for?
  2. Which two groups were locked up in concentration camps?

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