5.1 Lords and vassals

5. Monks and knights
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000
1 / 37
Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolmavoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 37 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

5. Monks and knights
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 1 - Slide

Time of monks and knights (500 - 1000)
In the white, you can see a helmet, as worn by knights. In the background you can see part of a monastery. Chivalry and the Christian church belong to the times of monks and knights.
Feniks, Geschiedenis Werkplaats, Memo, Saga

Slide 2 - Slide

Tijd van Grieken en Romeinen
(500 v. Chr. - 500 n. Chr.)
Tijd van Monniken en Ridders
(Vroege Middeleeuwen)
Tijd van Steden en Staten
(Late Middeleeuwen)
1492: Columbus 'ontdekt' Amerika
(Einde van de Middeleeuwen)
476: Val van het West-Romeinse Rijk
(Begin van de Middeleeuwen)
Tijd van Ontdekkers en Hervormers
Tijd van Regenten en Vorsten
Tijd van Pruiken en Revoluties

Slide 3 - Slide

In this chapter
  • 5.1 Lords and vassals

  • 5.3 Powerful lords, semi-free farmers

Slide 4 - Slide

To work
What? Make assignment 1 to 3 from the introduction (page 118)
How? In your workbook
Help? Teacher
Time? 15 minutes
Finished? Start on assignments 5.1 (assignment 1 to 4)

Slide 5 - Slide

5.1 Lords and vassals
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 6 - Slide

Write down causes for the end of the Western Roman empire.

Slide 7 - Open question

Who was Charlemagne and how did he rule his empire?

Slide 8 - Open question


You can explain:
How Charlemagne became a powerful king and emperor of a large empire
How Charlemagne ruled his empire
Topics of today: 


Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

Slide 11 - Slide

Conquests of Charlemagne

Slide 12 - Slide

Travelling government
  • Charlemagne's empire was very large:

  • To govern this, he wanted to be everywhere in his empire
  • He often sent a messenger, but he also travelled a lot himself.
  • But it was too slow and took a lot of time
  • There had to be a better way...

Slide 13 - Slide


Slide 14 - Slide

The feudal system
  • Charlemagne asked for help from the nobility
  • He gave authority over a territory to nobleman
  • The area remained Charlemagne's, but they were allowed to loan it.
  • We call this the feudal system or feudalism
You could become a count or a duke:
  • Count: The boss of a small area, a county. This was less important
  • Duke: The boss of a large area, a duchy (e.g. Brabant). This was very important

Slide 15 - Slide


Was a powerful king: the vassals were loyal to him

Slide 16 - Slide

The agreement
The lord
Keeps the territory, but loans it to a nobleman.

The vassal
May loan the territory and:
- Governs the area
- Speaks law in it
- Supplies soldiers for the lord
- May keep income from the territory
- Must be loyal to the feudal lord
The person who gives a territory in loan.
The person recieves a territory in loan.

Slide 17 - Slide

Who does it belong to?
Has to supply soldiers

Slide 18 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
Allowed to speak the law

Slide 19 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
Gives a territory in loan

Slide 20 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
May keep the income of a territory

Slide 21 - Quiz

What happened after Charlemagne died..?

Slide 22 - Slide

5.1 Lords and vassals
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 23 - Slide

Success criteria
You can explain:
  • How there was political division after Charlemegne's death
  • Causes and consequences of insecurity in Europe
  • What position knights had in society

Slide 24 - Slide

Problems of the feudal system
  • Many feudal lords pretended that the territory was their possession
  • Some vassals started loaning their territory to small nobles.
  • This created subvassals who ruled small territories
  • As a result, the Frankish empire slowly fell apart

Slide 25 - Slide

Put the names in the right place
Feudal system

Slide 26 - Drag question

An unsafe time
  • The lord often tried to recapture his territory
  • Thus, lords and (disobedient) vassals waged war
  • There were also robbers and invaders, such as the Vikings
  • Nobles often protected themselves with a castle
  • First wooden buildings, but later real castles

Slide 27 - Slide

Power of nobles / vassals became hereditary: power went from father to son.

Slide 28 - Slide


Slide 29 - Slide

Very good fighters

Attacked and pillaged villages

People had to come up with ways to defend themselves!

Slide 30 - Slide

Slide 31 - Slide

Slide 32 - Slide

Slide 33 - Slide

Slide 34 - Slide

Slide 35 - Slide

  • In the Middle Ages (500-1500), knights were the most powerful part of the armies in Europe
  • The first knights were soldiers from the armies of the noblemen
  • From 1100 onwards, only noblemen could become knights
  • They had to behave chivalrously: brave, loyal and just.
  • Monarchs organised tournaments in which knights could prove themselves
Knights wore helmets to protect themselves
on their bodies, knights wore iron armour
Knights fought on horseback

Slide 36 - Slide

To work
What: Read p. 90 and 91 in your textbook, then make exercise 5, 6, 8 and 9 of paragraph 5.1 in your workbook
How: On page 120 of your workbook
Help: Your neighbour and teacher
Finished: Check answers

Slide 37 - Slide