5.1 Lords and vassals

5. Monks and knights
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolmavoLeerjaar 1

This lesson contains 27 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Items in this lesson

5. Monks and knights
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 1 - Slide

Time of monks and knights (500 - 1000)
In the white, you can see a helmet, as worn by knights. In the background you can see part of a monastery. Chivalry and the Christian church belong to the times of monks and knights.
Feniks, Geschiedenis Werkplaats, Memo, Saga

Slide 2 - Slide

Tijd van Grieken en Romeinen
(500 v. Chr. - 500 n. Chr.)
Tijd van Monniken en Ridders
(Vroege Middeleeuwen)
Tijd van Steden en Staten
(Late Middeleeuwen)
1492: Columbus 'ontdekt' Amerika
(Einde van de Middeleeuwen)
476: Val van het West-Romeinse Rijk
(Begin van de Middeleeuwen)
Tijd van Ontdekkers en Hervormers
Tijd van Regenten en Vorsten
Tijd van Pruiken en Revoluties

Slide 3 - Slide

In this chapter
  • 5.1 Lords and vassals
  • 5.2 Europe becomes christian
  • 5.3 Powerful lords, semi-free farmers
  • 5.4 The rise of Islam
  • 5.5 Moorish Spain

Slide 4 - Slide

To work
What? Make assignment 1 to 3 from the introduction (page 118)
How? In your workbook
Help? Teacher
Time? 15 minutes
Finished? Start on assignments 5.1 (assignment 1 to 4)

Slide 5 - Slide

5.1 Lords and vassals
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 6 - Slide

Write down causes for the end of the Western Roman empire.

Slide 7 - Open question

Learning goals
You can explain:
  • How Charlemagne became a powerful king and emperor of a large empire
  • How Charlemagne ruled his empire

Slide 8 - Slide

Slide 9 - Slide

Slide 10 - Slide

Conquests of Charlemagne

Slide 11 - Slide

Travelling government
  • Charlemagne's empire was very large:

  • To govern this, he wanted to be everywhere in his empire
  • He often sent a messenger, but he also travelled a lot himself.
  • But it was too slow and took a lot of time
  • There had to be a better way...

Slide 12 - Slide

Imagine that you are the boss of McDonald's. Then you have 37,000 restaurants in 120 countries.
It is, of course, very difficult to manage all these restaurants on your own.
So what is a good solution to this problem?

You let some people help you! You lend the restaurants to 120 people who arrange everything in their country! They get to choose, for example, what is on the menu and how it is advertised. In exchange, they only have to give you a part of the money.

That's also how Charlemagne ruled the Frankish empire!

Slide 13 - Slide

The feudal system
  • Charlemagne asked for help from the nobility
  • He gave authority over a territory to nobleman
  • The area remained Charlemagne's, but they were allowed to loan it.
  • We call this the feudal system or feudalism
You could become a count or a duke:
  • Count: The boss of a small area, a county. This was less important
  • Duke: The boss of a large area, a duchy (e.g. Brabant). This was very important

Slide 14 - Slide

The agreement
The lord
Keeps the territory, but loans it to a nobleman.

The vassal
May loan the territory and:
- Governs the area
- Speaks law in it
- Supplies soldiers for the lord
- May keep income from the territory
- Must be loyal to the feudal lord
The person who gives a territory in loan.
The person recieves a territory in loan.

Slide 15 - Slide

Who does it belong to?
Has to supply soldiers

Slide 16 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
Allowed to speak the law

Slide 17 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
Gives a territory in loan

Slide 18 - Quiz

Who does it belong to?
May keep the income of a territory

Slide 19 - Quiz

To work
What? Make assignment 3 to 5 from section 5.1
How? In your workbook
Help? Teacher
Finished? Make 6, 8, 9

Slide 20 - Slide

5.1 Lords and vassals
Time of monks and knights, 500 - 1000

Slide 21 - Slide

Success criteria
You can explain:
  • How there was political division after Charlemegne's death
  • Causes and consequences of insecurity in Europe
  • What position knights had in society

Slide 22 - Slide

Problems of the feudal system
  • Many feudal lords pretended that the territory was their possession
  • Some vassals started loaning their territory to small nobles.
  • This created subvassals who ruled small territories
  • As a result, the Frankish empire slowly fell apart

Slide 23 - Slide

Put the names in the right place
Feudal system

Slide 24 - Drag question

An unsafe time
  • The lord often tried to recapture his territory
  • Thus, lords and (disobedient) vassals waged war
  • There were also robbers and invaders, such as the Vikings
  • Nobles often protected themselves with a castle
  • First wooden buildings, but later real castles

Slide 25 - Slide

  • In the Middle Ages (500-1500), knights were the most powerful part of the armies in Europe
  • The first knights were soldiers from the armies of the noblemen
  • From 1100 onwards, only noblemen could become knights
  • They had to behave chivalrously: brave, loyal and just.
  • Monarchs organised tournaments in which knights could prove themselves
Knights wore helmets to protect themselves
on their bodies, knights wore iron armour
Knights fought on horseback

Slide 26 - Slide

To work
Wat: Lezen 4.1 en maken opdracht 1 t/m 6 en 9
Hoe: In je werkboek
Hulp: Docent
Klaar: Werken aan invulsamenvatting

Slide 27 - Slide