# 3 tto start 3.1

Planning:
• Introduction
• Explanation: paragraph 3 H3 climate Chile
• Atacama desert movie
• omplete assignments 1 to 9
• closing
Lesson goals
• which factors influence the climate
• What factors create a dry desert climate
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Slide 1: Slide
AardrijkskundeMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 3

This lesson contains 39 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 2 videos.

Lesson duration is: 45 min

## Items in this lesson

Planning:
• Introduction
• Explanation: paragraph 3 H3 climate Chile
• Atacama desert movie
• omplete assignments 1 to 9
• closing
Lesson goals
• which factors influence the climate
• What factors create a dry desert climate

#### Slide 1 -Slide

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
yes
B
no

#### Slide 2 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yeso
B
No

#### Slide 3 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yes
B
No

#### Slide 4 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yes
B
No

#### Slide 5 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yes
B
No

#### Slide 6 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yes
B
No

#### Slide 7 -Quiz

Is this photo made in Chile?
A
Yes
B
No

#### Slide 8 -Quiz

Instruction/make notes!

e

#### Slide 10 -Slide

What factors contribute to the temperature in a country?

#### Slide 11 -Mind map

Temperature factors
1. Latitude: the further from the equator, the colder.
2. Altitude: the higher, the colder.
3. Location in relation to the sea: the further from the sea, the warmer in summer and the colder in winter.
4. Supply of cold or heat from elsewhere by wind or sea currents.
5. Location of mountains: sheltered or not.

#### Slide 12 -Slide

TEMPERATURE
FACTORS
1. You can name the 6 temperature factors (G37).
2. For each temperature factor you can explain how it influences temperature in a certain place (G38, G42, G43, G44, G45, G46).

#### Slide 13 -Slide

TEMPERATURE FACTORS
Why is it warm or cold somewhere?

#### Slide 14 -Slide

1. Latitude
The closer you are to the equator, the warmer it is.

#### Slide 15 -Slide

2. Altitude
The higher, the colder.

#### Slide 16 -Slide

3. Land or sea

• Land heats up and cools down quicker than water.
• Land and water influence the temperature of the air above it.

#### Slide 17 -Slide

3.Onshore/
offshore wind

• This factor only applies to places close to the sea.
• Onshore wind moderates temperature (cool summers, mild winters), while offshore winds cause bigger temperature differences.

#### Slide 18 -Slide

4. Ocean currents
Warm current -> warmer air
Cold current -> colder air

#### Slide 19 -Slide

5. Location of
mountain
ranges
Mountain ranges can block prevailing winds, so they can be a dividing line between 2 climates.

e

#### Slide 21 -Slide

What do you think is causing the drought in the atacama desert?

#### Slide 22 -Open question

Arid conditions in Chile
Combination of three factors:
• High-pressure area
• Humboldt currents (ocean current)
• the Andes Mountains

#### Slide 23 -Slide

Droogte in Chili
(Atacama woestijn)
Droogte komt door:
1. Subtropisch hogedrukgebied
2. Humboldtstroom (zeestroom)
3. Het andesgebergte

#### Slide 24 -Slide

High-pressure area
1. high-pressure area

#### Slide 25 -Slide

2. How is the arid/draught conditions near the atacama desert caused by the cold Humboldt seacurrent?

Humboldt current

#### Slide 27 -Slide

3. Andesmountains

#### Slide 28 -Slide

El Niño (het jongetje)
Opwarming zeewater door omgedraaide lucht- en zeestromen

Warmer zeewater:
Minder vissen
meer verdamping > meer neerslag, overstromingen etc>

#### Slide 30 -Slide

Het Kerstkind
El Niño
- Verandering in lucht- en zeestromen (rond kerstmis).    - Gevolgen voor Chili: warmer zeewater, meer neerslag, overstromingen, minder visvangst.

#### Slide 33 -Video

Work, work, work
Read paragraph 1: 3 climate Chile
complete assignments 1 to 9
use:
Textbook pages 44/45
Homework for Thursday 23/11
Next lesson: Explanation of Christmas child El Niño!
Last few minutes of this lesson: 4 control questions

timer
15:00

#### Slide 34 -Slide

herhalen/nabespreken

#### Slide 35 -Slide

Why doesn't the seawater off the coast of Chile evaporate.
A
The seawater is too warm so it does not evaporate
B
The seawater is too salty and does not evaporate
C
The seawater is too cold so it does not evaporate
D
The seawater belongs only to Spongebob

#### Slide 36 -Quiz

How many climates does Chile have?
A
3
B
4
C
5
D
6

#### Slide 37 -Quiz

In a high-pressure area it does not rain because the air sinks. Why is that?
A
Rain only occurs when air becomes colder and descending air becomes warmer
B
Rain only falls when there is moisture in the air and valley air is dry
C
Rain only falls when there is a lot of wind and when the air is falling it does not blow
D
Rain only falls when there are clouds and descending air is too dry for tha

#### Slide 38 -Quiz

What is not a reason why the north of Chile is so dry?
A
The cold Humboldt current provides cold seawater
B
It is located on the leeward side of the Andes
C
High pressure causes air to descend
D
It's a desert. Duh