# Mastering Relative Clauses, Second Conditionals and Quantifiers

Mastering Relative Clauses, Second Conditionals and Quantifiers
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 38 slides, with interactive quizzes and text slides.

Lesson duration is: 45 min

## Items in this lesson

Mastering Relative Clauses, Second Conditionals and Quantifiers

#### Slide 1 -Slide

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Learning Objectives
At the end of the lesson, you will be able to answer 5 questions about defining relative clauses, 5 about the second conditional & 5 about quantifiers.

#### Slide 2 -Slide

Introduce the goals of the lesson to the students.
What do you already know about Relative Clauses, Second Conditionals and Quantifiers?

#### Slide 3 -Mind map

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Relative Clauses Definition
Relative clauses are used to give additional information about a noun and begin with relative pronouns such as who, whom, whose, that, or which.

#### Slide 4 -Slide

Explain the definition of Relative Clauses and provide examples for each type.
Defining Relative Clauses
Defining relative clauses are used to give essential information about a noun. They are not separated from the rest of the sentence by commas.

#### Slide 5 -Slide

Explain the difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses. Provide examples and ask students to identify the defining relative clauses.
Non-defining Relative Clauses
Non-defining relative clauses give extra information about a noun but are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. They are separated from the rest of the sentence by commas.

#### Slide 6 -Slide

Explain the difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses. Provide examples and ask students to identify the non-defining relative clauses.
What are defining relative clauses used for?
A
To show the time of an action
B
To add extra information to a sentence
C
To identify which person or thing is meant
D
To express feelings

#### Slide 7 -Quiz

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Which pronouns can be used to introduce defining relative clauses?
A
Who, whom, whose, which, that
B
He, she, it, they
C
Why, how, because
D
Whom, what, when, where

#### Slide 8 -Quiz

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In the sentence 'The woman who lives next door is a doctor', what is the relative clause?
A
is a doctor
B
The woman
C
The woman who
D
who lives next door

#### Slide 9 -Quiz

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Second Conditionals
The second conditional is used to talk about hypothetical situations and their possible outcomes in the present or future. It is formed by using 'if' + past simple + would + base verb.

#### Slide 10 -Slide

Explain the definition of the second conditional and provide examples. Ask students to form their own second conditional sentences and share with the class.
Which sentence uses the second conditional correctly?
A
If I had a car, I would drive to work every day.
B
If I have a car, I would drive to work every day.
C
If I had a car, I will drive to work every day.
D
If I have a car, I will drive to work every day.

#### Slide 11 -Quiz

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What is the meaning of the second conditional?
A
B
C
D
To talk about hypothetical situations and their possible outcomes

#### Slide 12 -Quiz

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What is the correct structure for the second conditional?
A
If + simple past, will + infinitive
B
If + present continuous, would + infinitive
C
If + present perfect, would + infinitive
D
If + simple past, would + infinitive

#### Slide 13 -Quiz

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Quantifiers
Quantifiers are used to show the quantity or amount of something. Examples include all, some, any, none, many, few, several, etc.

#### Slide 14 -Slide

Explain the different types of quantifiers and provide examples. Ask students to form their own sentences using quantifiers.
What does a quantifier do?
A
Modifies a verb
B
Indicates the quantity of a noun
C
None of the above
D

#### Slide 15 -Quiz

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Which of the following is a quantifier?
A
All
B
Many
C
Some
D
Run

#### Slide 16 -Quiz

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Which of the following is a negative quantifier?
A
No
B
All
C
Not any
D
None

#### Slide 17 -Quiz

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Which of the following is a universal quantifier?
A
Each
B
Every
C
All
D
Some

#### Slide 18 -Quiz

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Using Quantifiers
Quantifiers are often used with countable and uncountable nouns. Some are used with only one or the other.

#### Slide 19 -Slide

Explain which quantifiers are used with countable and uncountable nouns. Provide examples and ask students to identify which quantifier to use in a given sentence.
Which quantifier is used for countable nouns?
A
Many
B
Enough
C
Some
D
Several

#### Slide 20 -Quiz

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Which of the following is a countable noun?
A
Milk
B
Chair
C
Water
D
Book

#### Slide 21 -Quiz

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Which quantifier is used for uncountable nouns?
A
Much
B
Little
C
A lot of
D
Few

#### Slide 22 -Quiz

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Practice: Defining Relative Clauses
Identify the defining relative clause in the following sentence: The boy who is wearing a hat is my friend.

#### Slide 23 -Slide

Provide practice sentences for students to identify the defining relative clause. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Practice: Non-defining Relative Clauses
Identify the non-defining relative clause in the following sentence: My brother, who lives in Paris, is coming to visit me.

#### Slide 24 -Slide

Provide practice sentences for students to identify the non-defining relative clause. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Practice: Second Conditionals
Complete the following sentence using the second conditional: If I had more time, I ___________ (to travel) the world.

#### Slide 25 -Slide

Provide practice sentences for students to complete using the second conditional. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Practice: Quantifiers
Choose the correct quantifier to complete the following sentence: I have _________ (few, a few) friends in this city.

#### Slide 26 -Slide

Provide practice sentences for students to choose the correct quantifier. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Practice: Mixed Questions
Identify the type of clause and quantifier in the following sentence: All the students who passed the exam will receive a certificate.

#### Slide 27 -Slide

Provide mixed practice sentences for students to identify the type of clause and quantifier used. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Common Mistakes
Common mistakes include using non-defining relative clauses where defining ones should be used, not using commas correctly, or using the wrong quantifier.

#### Slide 28 -Slide

Highlight common mistakes made by students and provide examples. Explain how to avoid these mistakes.
Tips for Remembering
To remember the rules for relative clauses, think of them as two types: defining and non-defining. For second conditionals, remember the structure: if + past simple + would + base verb. For quantifiers, remember the different types and which nouns they are used with.

#### Slide 29 -Slide

Provide tips for students to remember the rules for each grammar point.
Review: Defining Relative Clauses
What is a defining relative clause? Provide an example.

#### Slide 30 -Slide

Review the definition of defining relative clauses and ask students to provide an example.
Review: Non-defining Relative Clauses
What is a non-defining relative clause? Provide an example.

#### Slide 31 -Slide

Review the definition of non-defining relative clauses and ask students to provide an example.
Review: Second Conditionals
What is the structure of a second conditional? Provide an example.

#### Slide 32 -Slide

Review the structure of the second conditional and ask students to provide an example.
Review: Quantifiers
What are quantifiers used for? Provide an example.

#### Slide 33 -Slide

Review the definition of quantifiers and ask students to provide an example.
Final Quiz
Answer the following questions: (1) What is a defining relative clause? (2) What is the structure of a second conditional? (3) What are quantifiers used for?

#### Slide 34 -Slide

Provide a quiz to test students' understanding of the grammar points covered in the lesson. Review the correct answers and explain any mistakes made.
Conclusion
Congratulations! You have learned about defining and non-defining relative clauses, the second conditional, and quantifiers. Keep practicing to improve your English.

#### Slide 35 -Slide

Conclude the lesson and encourage students to continue practicing their English.
Write down 3 things you learned in this lesson.

#### Slide 36 -Open question

Have students enter three things they learned in this lesson. With this they can indicate their own learning efficiency of this lesson.
Write down 2 things you want to know more about.

#### Slide 37 -Open question

Here, students enter two things they would like to know more about. This not only increases involvement, but also gives them more ownership.