Era 7 topic 2 Enlightenment

The Enlightenment
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This lesson contains 23 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 120 min

Items in this lesson

The Enlightenment

Slide 1 - Slide

Today
  • The Enlightenment and the scientific revolution
  • Video about the Enlightenment (Verlichting) Thinkers
  • Questions 

Slide 2 - Slide

Enlightenment
  • Means 'Verlichting'
  • It is a period in time in which people started asking questions about society
  • From these ideas came the democracy that we live in!

Slide 3 - Slide

Before the Enlightenment
What are we looking at here?


Slide 4 - Slide

Who talks to God?
Why do bad things happen?
Why is the king, the king?
How do doctors make people better?
What is air and space?

Slide 5 - Slide

The Scientific Revolution
  • Before the enlightenment = Religion, magic, we’ve always done it like that

  • After the enlightenment = The Scientific Method



Slide 6 - Slide

The Enlightenment
Political Ideas
  • Why is the king the boss?
  • Why do some people have more freedom than others?
  • Do people have rights?
  • All people?

Slide 7 - Slide

The Enlightenment
Political Ideas
  • Philosophers and other thinkers started to ask questions 
  • Not only about the world but also about society, people and God

Slide 8 - Slide

Slide 9 - Video

What does equality mean?

Slide 10 - Open question

What does liberty mean? What kind of liberty?

Slide 11 - Open question

When was the Enlightenment period?
A
1500-1600
B
1600-1700
C
1700-1800
D
1800-1900

Slide 12 - Quiz

When was the Enlightenment period?
A
16th century
B
17th century
C
18th century
D
19th century

Slide 13 - Quiz

What was the Enlightenment period?

Slide 14 - Open question

What was the Scientific Revolution? Explain

Slide 15 - Open question

What were some important Enlightenment ideas? Write down at least 2

Slide 16 - Open question

Enlightenment Political ideas
  • Natural rights

  • Liberty

  • Equality

  • Separation of powers


Slide 17 - Slide


John Locke:

All people have natural rights that nobody can take away, not even a king.



Slide 18 - Slide

Natural rights
Example: 
  • Every person has a right to live life

Slide 19 - Slide


Montesquieu

  • He is famous for his theory of the Separation of Powers (Trias Politica):
  • The power of the state should never be in the hands of one person.
  • therefore power should be split up into three seperate parts, being:
  • the legislative (making laws), executive (carrying out the laws) and judicial (providing independent judgement) branch.
  • his ideas are still used in most constitutions all over the world.



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However....
Why was there still inequality in 18th century Europe?

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Slide 23 - Slide