CH2 sec. 2.2 The growth of trade in the Republic

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.2 The growth of trade in the Republic
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 12 slides, with interactive quiz, text slides and 2 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Memo havo 2 TTO
CH2. The age of regents and rulers
The Golden Age
sec. 2.2 The growth of trade in the Republic

Slide 1 - Slide

Golden Age

Slide 2 - Mind map

Learning objectives
Main question: How did the Republic become the centre of world trade?
  • You can name and explain three causes for the economic growth of the Republic.
  • You can explain how a global economy could emerge in the 17th century.
  • You can explain how the the Fall of Antwerp contributed to the economic growth of Holland and Zeeland.
  • You can explain which role commercial capitalism played the economic growth of the Republic. 
  • You know the terms and dates of this section.

Slide 3 - Slide

Slide 4 - Video

Slide 5 - Video

Causes of the growing trade
1. Changes in agriculture
Commercial agriculture = Cultivation of agricultural products, such as hemp and flax, for trade purposes. 
2. Growing Baltic trade.
3. Transfer of trade from Antwerp to Amsterdam.

Slide 6 - Slide

Baltic trade
Around 1450 Dutch Hanseatic towns
like Deventer, Kampen and Zwolle 
traded with Baltic region.
  • Bought wood and grain
  • Sold salt and herring
End of fifteenth century Hanse 
trade went into decline. Towns in 
Holland, like Hoorn, Enkhuizen and Amsterdam took over Baltic trade.

Slide 7 - Slide

Baltic trade
Around 1540 Amsterdam became a 
staple market for wood and grain.

Products were stored in warehouses
first and sold when prices had 

Slide 8 - Slide

Baltic trade
During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries 
Antwerp was the centre of world trade.
1585 Fall of Antwerp 
  • Protestants merchants and craftspeople 
fled to Holland and Zeeland.
  • Republiek blockaded the Scheldt.
  • Amsterdam became the centre of world 
trade and main port of the Netherlands.

Slide 9 - Slide

Consequences of the Fall of Antwerp
Favourable consequences for the Republic:
  • Flemish merchants transferred trade to Amsterdam and other cities.
  • Flemish craftsmen brought industry to Amsterdam and other cities. Woven fabrics (cloth) and diamonds industry benefited economy.
  • Staple market trade changed from a market exchange (resources) to a market for luxury products.
  • Greater demand for labourers. Population growth > growing and expanding cities. For example the Amsterdams canal ring.

Slide 10 - Slide

Everything revolves around trade
Commercial capitalism = form of economy in which merchants try to make as much profit as possible.

Merchants let workers / industry process raw materials from distant countries and then sold them for profit.

Profit (capital) was reinvested in new ships, products or exploring new trade routes.

Slide 11 - Slide

Get to work
What? See whiteboard.
How? Alone 
Help? Ask neighbour. Can't figure it out? Ask teacher. 
Time? Until the end of the lesson. 
Done? Learn terms and dates. Ask teacher. 

Slide 12 - Slide