Punctuation Intermediate

Lesson Schedule:

- Capitalisation
- Comma - How it works
- Run-on Sentences (Comma Splice)
- Co-ordinating Conjunctions (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S)
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Slide 1: Slide
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This lesson contains 14 slides, with text slides.

time-iconLesson duration is: 50 min

Items in this lesson

Lesson Schedule:

- Capitalisation
- Comma - How it works
- Run-on Sentences (Comma Splice)
- Co-ordinating Conjunctions (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S)

Slide 1 - Slide

Capitalisation: h becomes H
Comma: I have apples, pears, and grapes.
Run-on Sentences: Too many commas in one sentence.
Co-ordinating Conjunctions: For And Nor But Or Yet So

Slide 2 - Slide

Capitalisation is the practice of writing certain letters as uppercase letters. 
- Capitalize the pronoun "I."
- Capitalize other pronouns, which are the specific names of people, places, and things.
- Capitalize the first word of a sentence.
- Always start a new sentence with a space and then capitalise the first letter.

Slide 3 - Slide

Drag and Drop:
1. i went to the store. -> __________________.

2. Her name is molly. ->__________________.

3. he has been to the anne frank house. -> _______ .

4. I really enjoy painting.It's fun! -> __________ .

Slide 4 - Slide

The Comma is a punctuation mark that is used to indicate a pause or separation in a sentence. It makes a sentence easier to read.
- Use a comma to separate items in a list. For example: "I need to buy milk, bread, and eggs at the store." 

- Use a comma for introductory words or phrases.

Slide 5 - Slide

Person vs. Robot
1. "Hello it's great to meet you."
- robot.

"Hello, it's great to meet you." 
- person.

2. "However I'm not sure if I want to go."
- robot.

"However, I'm not sure if I want to go." 
- person

We need to buy grapes, oranges, and apples.

I enjoy camping, baking, and sewing.

Their names are Henry, Mika, and Sean.

Slide 6 - Slide

Place the comma:
I bought eggs fish and bread.

Their names are Tommy Zoey and Michelle.

My parents want to get a new dog. However I prefer cats.

Slide 7 - Slide

A run-on sentence is a sentence that has more than one complete thought and incorrect punctuation (too many commas). 
E.g.: The night was cold, my hands were freezing.
-> The night was cold. My hands were freezing.
Run-on Sentences ('Comma Splice')
- Separate complete thoughts (pieces of information) with a period.
-Replace one (or more) comma's with a different punctuation mark. 
A good start is to replace the first comma in a sentence with a period.

Slide 8 - Slide

1. I enjoy listening to music, my favourite singers are Harry Styles and Taylor Swift. -> _____.

2. I went to the store, I bought twelve scones, and ate them on the way home. -> _____. 

3. I went camping in the woods with my family, we set up a tent and told stories around the fire, which was fun.->__.

Slide 9 - Slide

Co-ordinating conjunctions are 7 words that help us connect two separate sentences or phrases.
I like cheese. I like cake. -> I like cheese and cake.
Co-ordinating Conjunctions
- Use the F.A.N.B.O.Y.S acronym to remember the 7 co-ordinating conjunctions: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So.

Slide 10 - Slide

Explanation of F.A.N.B.O.Y.S
For - another word for 'because'.
And - used to link different things or choices of equal importance.
Nor- indicates something that did not happen or is not true. Usually used after the word 'Neither' (both).
But - used to link two separate sentences where the second sentence explains the first.
Or - used to indicate an alternative (different) option. Also used to link two different choices. 
Yet - another word for 'but'. Used to express an outcome.
So - Used to express the reason for an outcome.

Slide 11 - Slide

F.A.N.B.O.Y.S in a sentence
For - Shana wanted pizza, for it was her birthday.
And - Marijn and Kian went to the beach. 
           Clarissa likes pizza and ice cream.
Nor- Neither Maya nor Sofia enjoy swimming.
But - Cléante wanted to feed the lion, but it was too dangerous.
Or - You can watch the movie on Thursday or Friday.
         Does Berzan prefer reading or gaming?        
Yet - Roisin enjoys shopping, yet she can never decide what to buy.
So - Griffin studied hard so that he could pass the exam.
         Timothy woke up early so that he could watch the sun rise.

Slide 12 - Slide

More Examples:

For: "I went to the store, for I needed to buy milk and bread."
And: "I went to the store, and I bought milk and bread."
Nor: "I did not go to the store, nor did I do the dishes."
But: "I like pizza, but my sister prefers tacos."
Or: "She can come to the party, or she can stay home."
Yet: "I finished my homework, yet I still have to study for my test."
So: "I am tired, so I will go to bed early."

Slide 13 - Slide

Fix the sentences using F.A.N.B.O.Y.S
1. Roisin enjoys shopping __ she can never decide what to buy.
2. Clarissa likes pizza. She also likes ice cream.
3. Shana wanted pizza __ It was her birthday.
4. Griffin studied hard __ that he could pass the exam.
5. Marijn __ Kian went to the beach. 
6. Neither Maya __ Sofia enjoy swimming.
7. Cléante wanted to feed the lion. It was too dangerous.  
8. Does Berzan prefer reading __ gaming? 
9. Timothy woke up early __ that he could watch the sun rise.

Slide 14 - Slide