Grammar: Comparisons
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Slide 1: Slide
EngelsMiddelbare schoolhavoLeerjaar 4

This lesson contains 23 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

time-iconLesson duration is: 30 min

Items in this lesson

Grammar: Comparisons

Slide 1 - Slide

Do you know the answers?

Slide 2 - Slide

This flower is .................. (beautiful)
than that one.
more beautiful

Slide 3 - Quiz

It is strange but often a coke is .........(expensive) than a beer.
more expensive

Slide 4 - Quiz

Which is the ............... (dangerous)
animal in the world?
most dangerous

Slide 5 - Quiz

Who is the ............. (rich)
woman on earth?
most rich

Slide 6 - Quiz

Non-smokers usually live ........ (long) than smokers.
more long

Slide 7 - Quiz

Degrees of comparison
There are 3 degrees of comparison: 
  • adjective (bv nw): tall
  • comparative (vergrotende trap) : taller
  • superlative (overtreffende trap) : tallest

Slide 8 - Slide

Adjectives of one syllable (1 lettergreep):
                                                                                        General Rule:   Tall – Taller – Tallest 
exception: 1) 

Does it sound short? Double consonant!
-er & -est

Slide 9 - Slide

Exception 2
2) If an adjective ends in –e, we add –r or –st:

nice - nicer - nicest
large - larger - largest
3) If an adjective ends in a consonant and –y, we change –y to –i and add –er or –est:
happy- happier - happiest
silly - sillier - silliest

Slide 10 - Slide

Adjectives of two or more syllables (2 or meer letgr.): 
You add more and the most in these words.
beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful 

  • Some adjectives of two syllables have two forms:
    Simple – simpler-simplest / simple – more simple – most simple
    Other examples: clever, common, cruel, gentle, likely, narrow, pleasant, polite 

likely narrow

Slide 11 - Slide

He is certainly handsomer than his brother.
His brother is handsome, but he is more handsome.

She is one of the politest people I have ever met.
She is the most polite person I have ever met.

Slide 12 - Slide

Irregular adjectives of comparison: 
Irregular adjectives of comparison
good – better – best 
bad – worse – worst 
far – farther – farthest (distance only) 
further – furthest 
old – older – oldest 
elder-eldest (family relationship) 

Slide 13 - Slide

Two objects that are different:
1) This house is bigger than that one.
2) Our house is not as expensive as our neighbours'.
Our house is not so expensive as our neighbours'.

Two objects that are the same.
3) She is as intelligent as her brother.

Slide 14 - Slide

Adverb of degree(bijwoord van graad)
You can put an adverb of degree in front of a comparative adjective: 
Examples: a bit, a great deal, a good deal, a little, a lot, much, rather, slightly 
  • The potatoes are slightly more expensive than last year. (klein beetje duurder)

You can put these adverb of degree in front of a superlative adjective: By far, easily, much, quite. 
  • John is by far the most intelligent pupil in the school. (tot nu toe) het slimst/de slimste)

If two objects/things are the same: 
  • Susan is as tall as Carol . ( ze zijn even lang)
  • Chris is as friendly as Kate. 

Slide 15 - Slide

Comparative and superlative adverbs (bijwoord)
Adverb – comparative adverb – superlative adverb:
frequently - more frequently - the most frequently

Rabbits are seen more frequently than hares

Slide 16 - Slide

Irregular adverbs of comparison:
badly – worse – worst  
close – closer – closest  
early – earlier – earliest  
far – farther/further – farthest/ furthest  
fast – faster – fastest  
hard – harder – hardest  
near – nearer – nearest  
well – better – best                                                              NOW DO EXERCISES 14-16

Slide 17 - Slide

Extra exercise
Rewrite sentences a-f, keeping the same meaning, but using  another form of the comparative 
Example:  I’m worse at remembering faces than I am at remembering names. 
I’m not as good at remembering faces as I am at remembering names. 

a. My best friend drives more slowly than I do.
b. The weather is cooler in the autumn.
c. Air tickets are getting less and less expensive
d. In my opinion, the exercise isn’t as easy as it looks.
e. This school isn’t as big as I remember it.
f. Our local shops are further than we’d like them to be.

Slide 18 - Slide

Answers extra exercise
a. My best friend doesn't drive as fast as I do. 
b. The weather is not as hot in the autumn. 
c. Air tickets are getting cheaper and cheaper. 
d. In my opinion, the exercise is more difficult than it looks. 
e. This school is smaller than I remember it. 
f. Our local shops are not as close as  we’d like them to be. 

Slide 19 - Slide

a. My best friend drives ___ (slow) ___ I do. 
more slowly; than
Quiz Time 

Slide 20 - Slide

The weather is_____ in the autumn.

Slide 21 - Quiz

Do you understand the explanation of the degrees of comparison?
I am not sure
Sorry. I have been sleeping or doing other things that I should not do in class.

Slide 22 - Quiz

Slide 23 - Video