4.1 From manual work to machines

The Industrial Revolution
chapter 4
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Slide 1: Slide
GeschiedenisMiddelbare schoolhavo, vwoLeerjaar 2

This lesson contains 25 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 3 videos.

time-iconLesson duration is: 120 min

Items in this lesson

The Industrial Revolution
chapter 4

Slide 1 - Slide

Citizens and steam engines 

Slide 2 - Slide

What do you know about the 8th 'tijdvak'?

Slide 3 - Mind map

From manual work to machines

paragraph 4.1

Slide 4 - Slide

Because of the import of cotton from colonies, people started thinking about ways how to produce cotton more efficiently. 
Effect: the invention of spinning machines to spin threads. 

These machines were too big to put at home. So, these machines were put in factories
--> Start of the Industrial Revolution. 

Slide 5 - Slide

Spinning wheel (1 thread)
Spinning engine
(multiple threads)

Slide 6 - Slide

The Steam Engine
Soon, inventors found a way for a machine working on steam. This lead to the first steam engine. 

Slide 7 - Slide

Slide 8 - Video

The Industrial Revolution
chapter 4

Slide 9 - Slide

Causes industrialisation
  • Growth of the population due to better agriculture
  • Increasing demand for cotton (and thus the need to build extra   factories)
  • Farmes lost their jobs and moved to the city to work in the factories =   urbanisation
  • European countries had access to raw materials from their colonies   (cotton, coal and iron)

Slide 10 - Slide

Slide 11 - Slide

Slide 12 - Video

You will get divided (by me!) into groups of 3. 
Each group gets assigned an invention of the Industrial Revolution. 
You will give a short presentation (of 3-4 minutes) on this invention in which you answer the following questions:
1. What does the invention do?
2. Who invented it?
3. Why was this invention so important during the Industrial Revolution?
or any other information you deem important

However! You cannot say 'ehm' or any other filling words!

Slide 13 - Slide

You will get a mark that counts twice. 
Tuesday, April 9 you will present. 
You will get some time during the lessons, but you also have to work on it in your own time. 

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Slide

Slide 16 - Video

Effects of industrialisation
Industrialisation drastically changed peoples life.
  • Society changed from an agricultural-urban society into an industrial   society.
  • New ways of transportation.
  • Fast growing cities because of increasing urbanisation 
       --> cheap, quickly-built houses 

Slide 17 - Slide

Early modern period → Modern period
The period 1800-now is called the Modern Era. 

Slide 18 - Slide

Think of the reason why a new era starts with industrialisation

Slide 19 - Open question

Romanticism (1790-1850)
During the industrialisation, people longed for 
the times where 
Mensen verlangden tijdens de industrialisatie
terug naar het idee om dingen te doen met gevoel,
in plaats van wetenschap, verstand en uitvindingen. 

Dit uitte zich in kunst, literatuur, muziek en filosofie.
= de Romantiek. 

Bron: Casper David Friedrich, 
Zwei Männer in der Betrachtung des Mondes, 1819 

Slide 20 - Slide

In which country did the Industrial Revolution start?
The Netherlands
The United States

Slide 21 - Quiz

Slide 22 - Slide

Slide 23 - Slide

Industrial Revolution:
_______________ society -->
________________ society.

Slide 24 - Open question

What changed in the daily life of people during industrialisation?
New products, like matches and canned food
Light on the streets and at home during night time
Less people working on the countryside
New ways of transportation, like the train, tram and car

Slide 25 - Quiz