4.3 The French Revolution - TXT-

The Time of Wigs and Revolutions
4.3 The French Revolution - part 2
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This lesson contains 24 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 1 video.

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The Time of Wigs and Revolutions
4.3 The French Revolution - part 2

Slide 1 - Slide

What you will learn in 
this lesson
  • how the French Revolution began.
  • what political changes took place during the French Revolution.
  • which national changes took place under Napoleon.
  • In this paragraph you will learn how a large part of Europe came under French rule.




Slide 2 - Slide

important  people in this section
king Louis XVI (16th)
Maximilian Robespierre
Napoleon Bonaparte

Slide 3 - Slide

I. the reign of Louis XVI
- the causes and consequences of the Gathering of the States General

Slide 4 - Slide

Who decided to call together the Sates General in 1778?
A
Louis XIV
B
Louis XV
C
Louis XVI
D
Louis XVII

Slide 5 - Quiz

Why was this special?
(to call together the States General)
A
This was not the task of the king
B
This hadn't happened in 174 years
C
This had never happened before
D
There was no States General in France

Slide 6 - Quiz

first estate:         300 representatives
second estate:   300 representatives
third estate:       600 representatives
The gathering of the States General: How to vote?

Slide 7 - Slide

The Tennis Court Oath - 1789

The clergy (1st estate) and the nobility (2nd estate) wanted to meet separately -> 3rd estate established a new meeting called the National Assembly. 
Several members of the nobility and clergy also decided to join.

They swore to only end the meeting after they had a written constitution that limited the king's power.
Their pledge is called the Tennis Court Oath.


Slide 8 - Slide

The French Revolution started at the 14th of July. How did it start?
A
King Louis XVI was beheaded
B
There was a second meeting of the States General
C
France was invaded by foreign revolutionary troops
D
The French stormed the Bastille (a prison in Paris)

Slide 9 - Quiz

Important dates for in your timeline:
1789: May:       King Louis XVI calls for a meeting of the Estates-General
         June:      Tennis Court Oath
         July 14:   Storming of the Bastille
1791:                National Assembly approved of a Constitution
                         -> France becomes a constitutional monarchy

Slide 10 - Slide

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

Two weeks later, the National Assembly established the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
Its motto still resonates in France and all over the world: liberté (‘freedom’), egalité (‘equality’) and fraternité (‘brotherhood’). 



summarize
  1. what were the main ideas of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen?
  2. what is the link between this document, the American Revolution, and the Enlightenment?
The motto Egalité, Fraternité, liberté, first used by Maximilien Robespierre in 1790, in a symbolic drawing.

But  not everyone thought that the National Assembly's measures were sufficient...

Slide 11 - Slide

Who took control over the government after the National Assembly and ruled through terror?

Slide 12 - Open question

The Reign of Terror

In 1792, the National Assembly officially ended the monarchy, which was replaced by the French Republic with a new government. This started a violent chapter in French history, known as the Reign of Terror

The leader of this movement was Maxime Robespierre.  Robespierre was a strong opponent of the French monarchy.
Robespierre also believed that everyone who did not agree with the ideals of the revolution should be executed. 



summarize
  1. How did France become a Republic?
  2. Who gained more influence in the National Assembly?
  3. What were his ideas?
  4. What were his supporters called?
  5. What was the Reign of Terror?
Maxime Robespierre


Slide 13 - Slide

Victims of the guillotine

 During the Reign of Terror thousands of people lost their lives because of this machine. 

 It has been estimated that in total about 40,000 people were killed by the guillotine during the French Revolution.





The motto Egalité, Fraternité, liberté, first used by Maximilien Robespierre in 1790, in a symbolic drawing.

1793: Jan 21 Louis XVI executed

Slide 14 - Slide

Important dates for in your timeline:
1792: Feb:      War with Austria and Prussia ( who wanted to restore the absolute                                      monarchy in France)
          Sept:      end of the monarchy
                        reign of Terror - Robespierre
1793:  Jan 21  Louis XVI executed
1794:               Robespierre is beheaded

Slide 15 - Slide

Who ended the French Revolution with his coup d'etat? ( 1 word)

Slide 16 - Open question

A new leader
Napoleon Bonaparte  was a general who returned to France in 1798 after a military conflict between France and European countries that did not agree with the French Revolution. 
The people of France saw General Napoleon as a hero. 




French revolutionary soldiers in a battle at the First Coalition War. Painting by Horace Vernet (1792).
insert: a young officer named Napoleon Bonaparte


Slide 17 - Slide

Important dates for in your timeline:
1799:               Napoleon Bonaparte takes the power with a coup d 'etat
1805-1812:      Napoleon conquers large areas in Europe
1812:               Napoleon is defeated in Russia ( and after that in Leipzig)
1815:               Napoleon loses the battle at Waterloo

Slide 18 - Slide

Was Napoleon enlighted or not?
enlightened measures
 not so enlightened measures
Napoleon crowned himself emporer
Napoleon ended the French Republic
Napoleon introduced a large number of civil laws
Napoleon wanted a separation of church and state

Slide 19 - Drag question

Filmpje
Wie was Napoleon? Klik hier.
Slag bij Waterloo. Klik hier.

Slide 20 - Slide

The French revolution - a timeline

I. the reign of Louis XVI
- the causes and consequences of the Gathering of the States General
II. the reign of the National Assembly
- Their goals and how this effected France
III. the reign of Robespierre
- What happened? What changes did he make?
IV. The reign of Napoleon
- In what way was he an enlightened ruler? And in what way not?

Slide 21 - Slide

Summary assignments chapter 3 and 4

Slide 22 - Slide

Slide 23 - Video

congratulations
congratulations

Slide 24 - Slide