4.5 The Rise of Christianity

Christianity in Ancient Rome 
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GeschiedenisMiddelbare school

This lesson contains 32 slides, with interactive quizzes, text slides and 3 videos.

Items in this lesson

Christianity in Ancient Rome 

Slide 1 - Slide

Today's plan
  • We make a start on chapter 4.5
  • After this lesson you can explain how Christianity became the state religion.

Slide 2 - Slide

What do we already
know about
Roman religion?

Slide 3 - Mind map

Have you seen this before? Where?

Slide 4 - Open question

Why is a fish the symbol of christians?

Slide 5 - Open question

Slide 6 - Slide

Why would christians need a secret symbol?

Slide 7 - Open question


Slide 8 - Video

When did Christianity become an official religion in Rome?

Slide 9 - Open question


Slide 10 - Video

How did most Christians feel about 'Gladiator games'?

Slide 11 - Open question


Slide 12 - Video

The Christians still organised 'gladiator' games. Why did they do this do you think?

Slide 13 - Open question

Romans and religion
Romans were tolerant  of most religions
There were 2 exceptions; christians and jews
the romans persecuted these religions
this means that they punish people who believe in them

Slide 14 - Slide

Slide 15 - Slide

The start of christianity 
In 64 AD a large part of Rome was burned in a huge fire. The Roman emperor Nero blamed the Christians and had them burned, crucified and fed to the dogs. Romans disliked christians because they worshipped their own gods and refused to acknowledge the Roman gods or the divinity of the emperor.  The Christians also tried to convert other people which the Romans didn't want! 

Slide 16 - Slide

To convince somebody to become a part of a religion 
someone's godlike qualities 
To be put upon a cross and killed 
to pray to someone or something 
to worship
to convert

Slide 17 - Drag question

The victory of Christianity
In 313 AD, emperor Constantine of Rome granted the Christians freedom of religion and became a christian himself. In 392 Christianity became a state religion which ended religious tolerance in Rome. Jews were now discriminated against and other religions were banned. Temples for Roman gods were destroyed and churches were built instead. 

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What did religious tolerance mean to the Ancient Romans?
That you had to believe in Roman gods.
That everyone could believe in what they wanted
That you were free to believe what you wanted as long as you also believed in Roman gods
That you could believe in Greek and in Roman gods.

Slide 19 - Quiz

Why do you think the christians banned all other religions?

Slide 20 - Open question

What do you call it when a religion only has one god?

Slide 21 - Quiz

Drag the words and meanings to the right picture.
The friends of Jesus
A wonder, like healing the sick
Nailed to a cross
Came back to life
A country, now called Israel
The religion of Christians

Slide 22 - Drag question

The Roman Catholic Church
After christianity became the Roman state religion a religous organisation emerges. The Roman Catholic Church divided the Roman empire into church provinces led by bishops. The bishop of Rome became the most powerful religous leader and was called the pope. 

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What was not a reason christianity quickly got bigger?
good roads in the empire
lots of trade in the empire
the idea of heaven was populair
It was the only mono-theistisc religion

Slide 24 - Quiz

Give me 4 reasosn christianity got populair.

Slide 25 - Open question

  • The Romans used to hate and persecute  Christians
  • To persecute - to punish someone for their beliefs
  • This persecution didn't really work, christianity grew bigger and bigger
  • At the same time there are a lot of problems inside the Roman empire --> lots of civil war
  • Civil war = a war between people of the same country (burgeroorlog

Slide 26 - Slide

9a. What is a civil war?
a war between two or more countries
a war between two or more different groups within one country
a war that is fought mainly on land
a war that is fought mainly at sea

Slide 27 - Quiz

Slide 28 - Slide

Slide 29 - Slide

  • Around 300 AD there are 4 people who want to be emperor who are fighting each other
  • 1 of them is called constantine . 
  • Constantine is the boss in the west, but wants to control the whole empire
  • He knows that there are lots of christians and he wants them to help him fight.

Slide 30 - Slide

Think about how the roman emperors treated the christians. What could Constantine promise the church to get their help?

Slide 31 - Open question

  • Constantine promises to legalize christianity
  • To legalize - to make it allowed/stop punishing it
  • In return the christians help him win his wars.
  • In 312 the roman emperor starts tolerating christianity

Slide 32 - Slide